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EARLY CHURCH

Ambrose
Ambrose, Pseudo
Andreas
Arethas
Aphrahat
Athanasius
Augustine
Barnabus
BarSerapion
Baruch, Pseudo
Bede
Chrysostom
Chrysostom, Pseudo
Clement, Alexandria
Clement, Rome
Clement, Pseudo
Cyprian
Ephraem
Epiphanes
Eusebius
Gregory
Hegesippus
Hippolytus
Ignatius
Irenaeus
Isidore
James
Jerome
King Jesus
Apostle John
Lactantius
Luke
Mark
Justin Martyr
Mathetes
Matthew
Melito
Oecumenius
Origen
Apostle Paul
Apostle Peter
Maurus Rabanus
Remigius
"Solomon"
Severus
St. Symeon
Tertullian
Theophylact
Victorinus

HISTORICAL PRETERISM
(Minor Fulfillment of Matt. 24/25 or Revelation in Past)

Joseph Addison
Oswald T. Allis
Thomas Aquinas
Karl Auberlen
Augustine
Albert Barnes
Karl Barth
G.K. Beale
Beasley-Murray
John Bengel
Wilhelm Bousset
John A. Broadus

David Brown
"Haddington Brown"
F.F. Bruce

Augustin Calmut
John Calvin
B.H. Carroll
Johannes Cocceius
Vern Crisler
Thomas Dekker
Wilhelm De Wette
Philip Doddridge
Isaak Dorner
Dutch Annotators
Alfred Edersheim
Jonathan Edwards

E.B. Elliott
Heinrich Ewald
Patrick Fairbairn
Js. Farquharson
A.R. Fausset
Robert Fleming
Hermann Gebhardt
Geneva Bible
Charles Homer Giblin
John Gill
William Gilpin
W.B. Godbey
Ezra Gould
Hank Hanegraaff
Hengstenberg
Matthew Henry
G.A. Henty
George Holford
Johann von Hug
William Hurte
J, F, and Brown
B.W. Johnson
John Jortin
Benjamin Keach
K.F. Keil
Henry Kett
Richard Knatchbull
Johann Lange

Cornelius Lapide
Nathaniel Lardner
Jean Le Clerc
Peter Leithart
Jack P. Lewis
Abiel Livermore
John Locke
Martin Luther

James MacDonald
James MacKnight
Dave MacPherson
Keith Mathison
Philip Mauro
Thomas Manton
Heinrich Meyer
J.D. Michaelis
Johann Neander
Sir Isaac Newton
Thomas Newton
Stafford North
Dr. John Owen
 Blaise Pascal
William W. Patton
Arthur Pink

Thomas Pyle
Maurus Rabanus
St. Remigius

Anne Rice
Kim Riddlebarger
J.C. Robertson
Edward Robinson
Andrew Sandlin
Johann Schabalie
Philip Schaff
Thomas Scott
C.J. Seraiah
Daniel Smith
Dr. John Smith
C.H. Spurgeon

Rudolph E. Stier
A.H. Strong
St. Symeon
Theophylact
Friedrich Tholuck
George Townsend
James Ussher
Wm. Warburton
Benjamin Warfield

Noah Webster
John Wesley
B.F. Westcott
William Whiston
Herman Witsius
N.T. Wright

John Wycliffe
Richard Wynne
C.F.J. Zullig

MODERN PRETERISTS
(Major Fulfillment of Matt. 24/25 or Revelation in Past)

Firmin Abauzit
Jay Adams
Luis Alcazar
Greg Bahnsen
Beausobre, L'Enfant
Jacques Bousset
John L. Bray
David Brewster
Dr. John Brown
Thomas Brown
Newcombe Cappe
David Chilton
Adam Clarke

Henry Cowles
Ephraim Currier
R.W. Dale
Gary DeMar
P.S. Desprez
Johann Eichhorn
Heneage Elsley
F.W. Farrar
Samuel Frost
Kenneth Gentry
Steve Gregg
Hugo Grotius
Francis X. Gumerlock
Henry Hammond
Hampden-Cook
Friedrich Hartwig
Adolph Hausrath
Thomas Hayne
J.G. Herder
Timothy Kenrick
J. Marcellus Kik
Samuel Lee
Peter Leithart
John Lightfoot
Benjamin Marshall
F.D. Maurice
Marion Morris
Ovid Need, Jr
Wm. Newcombe
N.A. Nisbett
Gary North
Randall Otto
Zachary Pearce
Andrew Perriman
Beilby Porteus
Ernst Renan
Gregory Sharpe
Fr. Spadafora
R.C. Sproul
Moses Stuart
Milton S. Terry
Herbert Thorndike
C. Vanderwaal
Foy Wallace
Israel P. Warren
Chas Wellbeloved
J.J. Wetstein
Richard Weymouth
Daniel Whitby
George Wilkins
E.P. Woodward
 

FUTURISTS
(Virtually No Fulfillment of Matt. 24/25 & Revelation in 1st C. - Types Only ; Also Included are "Higher Critics" Not Associated With Any Particular Eschatology)

Henry Alford
G.C. Berkower
Alan Patrick Boyd
John Bradford
Wm. Burkitt
George Caird
Conybeare/ Howson
John Crossan
John N. Darby
C.H. Dodd
E.B. Elliott
G.S. Faber
Jerry Falwell
Charles G. Finney
J.P. Green Sr.
Murray Harris
Thomas Ice

Benjamin Jowett
John N.D. Kelly

Hal Lindsey
John MacArthur
William Miller
Robert Mounce

Eduard Reuss

J.A.T. Robinson
George Rosenmuller
D.S. Russell
George Sandison
C.I. Scofield
Dr. John Smith

Norman Snaith
"Televangelists"
Thomas Torrance
Jack/Rex VanImpe
John Walvoord

Quakers : George Fox | Margaret Fell (Fox) | Isaac Penington


PRETERIST UNIVERSALISM | MODERN PRETERISM | PRETERIST IDEALISM

Gilbert Wakefield
1756-1801 | Unitarian Martyr

Translation of the New Testament (1820 PDF) | J.P. Dabney Annotations on the New Testament: Compiled from the Best Critical Authorities (1829)

"Described by Henry Crabb Robinson as a political fanatic with 'the pale complexion and mild features of a saint, a most gentle creature in domestic life and a very amiable man; but when he took part in political or religious controversy, his pen was dipped in gall.'"
 
Preterist Commentaries By Historical Preterists

(On Matthew 10:15)
"In a day of vengeance, punishment, or trial. This is undoubtedly the genuine sense of the phrase, which has not the least reference to the day of general judgment. All that our Saviour intends to say is, that, when the temporal calamities of that place come upon it, they will be more severe than even those of Sodom and Gomorrah. See this phrase employed in precisely the same meaning by the LXX, in Prov. vi. 34, where, instead of kriseos, Aquila and Iheodotion have ekdikeseos; Isa. xxxiv. 8, and my Commentary on this place. Our Saviour, I apprehend, had Jerusalem principally in view in this declaration." (Note in loc.)

(On Matthew 12:31)
'Age; aioni; i. e., the Jewish dispensation, which was then in being, or the Christian, which was going to be established. But an attentive reader of the Scriptures will perceive, that, under this sort of phraseology, a comparison is intended to be made, as if he had said though the Christian religion is a dispensation of mercy, this sin shall no more be forgiven by the laws of the gospel, than it is by the law of Moses, under which the punishment was death. Lev. xxiv. 16." (Note in loc.)

CH. XXIV. And Jesus went out of the temple, and was going 2 away; when his disciples came up to shew him the buildings 3 of the temple. Then Jesus said unto them: Do ye gaze on all these things? Verily, I say unto you, there is not here a stone upon a stone, that will not be loosened and thrown down. 3 Now, as he was sitting on the mount of Olives, the disciples came up to him privately, and said : Tell us, when these things will be ; and what will be the sign of thy coming and 4 of the end of the age ? And Jesus answered and said unto 5 them : Take heed that no one deceive you : for many will come in my name, saying, I am the Christ : and will deceive 6 many. But ye will hear of wars and rumours of wars : see that ye trouble not yourselves ; for these things must come to 7 pass : but the end is not yet. For nation will rise up against nation, and kingdom against kingdom ; and there will be fam- 8 ines, and pestilences, and earthquakes in divers places. Yet 9 all these things are but a beginning of sorrows. Then too ye will be delivered up to affliction, and be killed : and ye will 10 be hated by all nations for my name's sake. And then will many fall off; and deliver up one another, and hate one anoth- 11 er. And many false prophets will arise, and deceive many ; 12 and, because iniquity will be multiplied, the love of many of 13 my disciples will become cold. But he, who endureth to the 14 end, will be safe. And these glad tidings of the kingdom of God, will be proclaimed in all the world, for a testimony to 15 all nations : and then will the end come. When, therefore, ye see on the holy ground that destructive abomination, spoken of by Daniel the prophet (let him, who readeth, understand) 16 then let them in Judea flee into the mountains : let not him, 17 that is upon the roof, go down to take away any thing out of 18 his house: and let not him, that is at his farm, turn back to19 take away his clothes with him. But alas for them that are 20 with child, and them that give suck in those days ! And pray that your flight be not in rainy weather, nor in a sabbatical 21 year: for then will be great affliction, such as was not since the beginning of the world to that very time : nor ever will be. 22 And, unless those days were shortened, no flesh could be preserved ; but, for the sake of the chosen, those days will be shortened. 23 Then, if any one say unto you, Lo! here is the Christ, or 24 there ! believe him not : for false Christs will rise up, and false prophets ; and will propose great signs and wonders, so 25 as to draw after them, if they can, even the chosen. Behold ! 26 I have forewarned you. Therefore, if they say unto you, Behold ! he is in the wilderness ; go not forth : Behold : he 27 is in a retired chamber; believe them not. For, as the lightning issueth from the east and shineth to the west, so sudden 28 also will this coming of the son of man bo. For, wheresoever the carcase is, there will the eagles be gathered together. 29 Now, immediately after this tribulation of those days, the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give her light : the stars will fall from heaven, and the firmament of the 30 heavens will be shaken. And then will the sign of the son of man appear in heaven ; and then will all the tribes of the land lament, and see the son of man coming on the clouds of 31 heaven with power and great glory. And he will send forth his messengers with a loud-sounding trumpet, and they will gather together his chosen from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other. 32 Learn the comparison of the fig-tree. When its tender branch is already come, and the leaves spring forth, 33 ye know that the summer is nigh : so likewise know, when ye see all these things, that he is nigh, even at the door.  34 Verily, I say unto you, this very generation will not pass 35 away, till all these things be done. The heaven and the earth will sooner pass away, than these words of mine pass away.

WHAT OTHERS HAVE SAID

J.P. Dabney
Matthew 5:"5. They shall inherit the earth : or, as Campbell and Wakefield, the land : i. e. the land of Judea. This phrase is supposed by Hammond and Whitby to allude to the language of the fifth commandment in the decalogue ; the general sense being the same, of temporal blessings. It implies a calm, placid enjoyment of life, to promote which, meekness greatly tends, and which anger obstructs." (Annotations, p. 10)

Matthew 10:"32. Either in this age or that which is to come : Wakefield's Tr. He adds, " though the Christian be a dispensation of mercy, this sin shall no more be forgiven by the law of the gospel, than it is by the law of Moses, under which the punishment was death. (Levit. xxiv. 16)."  By others, these phrases are considered as an expressive mode of affirming that it can never be forgiven ; as Kuinoel and Whitby." (p. 21)

Wikipedia
Gilbert Wakefield (1756 - 1801), scholar and controversialist, born at Nottingham, educated at Cambridge, took orders, but becoming a Unitarian renounced them and acted as classical tutor in various Unitarian academies. He was a strong defender of the French Revolution, and was imprisoned for two years for writing a seditious pamphlet. He published editions of various classical writers, and among his theological writings are Early Christian Writers on the Person of Christ (1784), An Examination of Paine's Age of Reason (1794), and Silva Critica (1789-95), illustrations of the Scriptures.
 

Thomas Young
"GILBERT WAKEFIELD, a commentator and critic of some celebrity, born at Nottingham, 22nd February, 1756, was the son of the Reverend George Wakefield, Rector of the parish of St. Nicolas.

He was observed in his earliest infancy to be of a serious turn of mind, and he made a rapid progress in the first elements of literature. At the age of seven, he was sent to a free school at Nottingham, and remained there two years, chiefly under the tuition of Mr. Beardmore, afterwards master of the Charterhouse : he was then sent to a school kept by the Reverend S. Pickthall, at Wilford, an institution which seems to have been only distinguished by the regular imprisonment of the boys for no less than eleven hours a day. After this, when his father obtained the vicarage of Kingston in Surrey, with the chapelry of Richmond, he was placed under the care of his curate, who kept a school at Richmond; he was, however, removed in 1769 to a better conducted establishment in the same neighbourhood, kept by the Reverend R. Wooddeson, of whom he speaks in his Memoirs with high approbation.

At sixteen he went to Jesus College, Cambridge, where his classical studies still continued to be the principal object of his attention, although he was so fortunate as to obtain the rank of second wrangler at the termination of his academical studies in 1776. He has, indeed, the candour to observe, that the year was below mediocrity, with regard to the performances of the candidates in general; and that, when he obtained the second classical medal, on the Duke of Newcastle's foundation, he had only one competitor ; still, it must not be denied, that to be both second wrangler and second medallist, in any year, implies no ordinary portion of application, as well as some con- siderable talent. Mr. Wakefield was however distinguished throughout his life, by a singular mixture of opposite habits ; and, in the midst of his studies, he confesses, that " he sometimes felt himself almost incapable of reading a single page for months together," and in summer especially, he could only wander about the fields in a state of perfect inactivity. On the other hand, he says, that " for five years, he rose, almost without exception, by five o'clock, winter and summer, but never breakfasted, drank tea, or supt (supped)," or of course dined, " alone, half a dozen times during all that space, enjoying society, from the first, beyond measure."

He became a Fellow of Jesus College in 1776, and he gained, in two successive years, the second Bachelor's prizes given by the Chancellor: in 1778 he was ordained by the Bishop of Peterborough, though he did not subscribe the Articles without great reluctance. He obtained a curacy first at Stockport in Cheshire, and then at Liverpool. The year after he married Miss Watson, a niece of the Rector of Stockport, and thus vacated his fellowship: his domestic life appears to have been happy and harmonious, though the only merit of his wife, that he has left upon record, is the singular hereditary qualification, that her great grandfather and great grandmother had lived together as man and wife for seventy- five years.

Soon after his marriage, he became classical tutor in the dissenting Academy at Warrington, though he did not professedly unite with any specific community of dissenters as adopting all their opinions; but he soon began openly to attack those of the established church in a multitude of controversial writings, and especially in the notes accompanying his new translations of some parts of the Scriptures ; a work for which he had diligently laboured to prepare himself by the study of various dialects of the Oriental languages.

After the dissolution of the Academy of Warrington, he lived at Bramcote in Nottinghamshire, at Richmond, and at Nottingham ; partly occupied in the instruction of a few pupils, and partly in pursuing his own studies and illustrations of antiquity. In 1786, and for two or three years after, he suffered greatly from an acute pain in his shoulder, which interfered materially with the prosecution of his theological investigations.

In the year 1790, he accepted the classical professorship at Hackney; here his lectures and instructions were generally approved and admired, but he carried his dissent from the articles of faith of any established society of Christians so much further than any of his colleagues, that he was thought too independent to continue in his situation, and he consequently left the institution in 1791; and for a similar reason he failed of obtaining the charge of two private pupils whom he expected to have been placed with him.

He continued to reside at Hackney, employing himself partly as an author and editor, and partly in the education of his own children. Among his original productions were several polemical and political pamphlets, relating to the war with France, and to the various controversies of the day; of these, the most remarkable for its consequences to himself was his Reply to the Bishop of Llandaff's Address, which occasioned a prosecution to be brought by the Attorney General against his publisher first, and then against himself; and he was sentenced to be confined for two years in Dorchester jail; a punishment which was probably intended to be somewhat severe, but which was most fortunate in its operation on his subsequent comfort, since it was the cause of his obtaining, by the exertions of his friends and his partisans at large, a subscription of about 5,000/. ; a sum which not only alleviated the rigour of his imprisonment, but also enabled him to leave his family in a state of comparative affluence.

He was principally occupied during his confinement in continuing his literary labours for the press, and in preparing a series of classical lectures, beginning with the illustration of the second book of Virgil's Eneid, the first course of which he delivered in London immediately after his liberation in May, 1801. The effect of unusual exertions of body and mind, after so long a cessation of exercise, and in hot summer weather, appears to have predisposed his constitution to a typhous fever, of which he died, after a fortnight's illness, the 9th of Septem- her, 1801, leaving a widow and six children, four sons and two daughters. His brother, the Rev. Thomas Wakefield of Richmond, also survived him, and died in 1806. The catalogue of his literary offspring is so multitudinous, that it partly tells its own story by its length, and admits of very few particular remarks.

1. Poemata : quibus accedunt quondam i?i Horalium Obser- vationes. 4. Cambr. 1776.
2. A Plain and Short Account of the Nature of Baptism. 12. Warr. 1781.
3. An Essay on Inspiration. 8. Warr. 1781.
4. A new Translation of tlie First Epistle to the Thessalonians. 8. Warr. 1781.
5. A new Translation of the Gospel of St. Matthew. 4. Warr. 1782.
6. Directions for the Student in Theology. 12. Lond.1784.
7. A Sermon preached at Richmond on the Peace. 8. Lond. 1784.
8. An Inquiry concerning the Person of Jesus Christ. 8. Lond. 1784.
9. On the Origin of Alphabetical Characters. Manch. Mem. I. 1785. Life, II. Attempting to cut the knot of
their invention by referring it to inspiration.
10. Several Letters signed Nepiodidascalos, in the Theological Repository. Lond. 1785.
11. The Poems of Mr. Gray, with Notes. 8. Lond. 1786.
12. Virgilii Georgica. 8. Cambr. 1788.
13. Remarks on Dr. Horsley's Ordination Sermon.
12. Lond. 1788.
14. Four Marks of Antichrist. 8. Lond. 1788.
15. A new Translation of Parts of the New Testament wrongly translated. 8. Loud. 1789.
16. An Address to the Inhabitants of Nottingham. 8. Lond. 1789.
17. Remarks on tJte Internal Evidence of the Christian Religion. 8. Lond. 1789.
18. Silva Critica. I. 8. Cambr. 1789. II. 1790. . III. 1792. IV. Lond. 1793. V. 1795. Intended for the Illustration
of the Scriptures from the Greek and Roman writers. The last two parts were printed at the expense of the Rev. R. Tyrrwhitt.
19. An Address to the Bishop of St. David's. 8. Birm. 1790. On the Liturgy.
20. Cursory Reflections. 8. Birm. 1790. On the Corporation and Test Acts.
21. An Inquiry into the Expediency and Propriety of Public or Social Worship. 8. Lond. 1791. Ed. 3. 1792.
22. Memoirs of his Life. 8. Lond. 1792. 2. Ed. 2 v. 8. 1804. Continued by Mr. Rutt and Mr. Wainewright.
23. A Translation of the New Testament. 3 v. 8. Lond. 1792. 2d ed. 2 v. 8. 1795.
24. Strictures on Dr. Priestley's Letter concerning Public Worship. 8. Lond. 1792.
25. Reply to the Arguments against the Inquiry. 8. Lond. 1792.
26. Evidences of Christianity. 8. Lond. 1793.
27. The Spirit of Christianity compared with the Spirit of the Times. 8. Lond. 1794. 2 editions.
28. An Examination of the Age of Reason. 8. Lond. 1794. 2 editions.
29. Remarks on the General Orders of the Duke of York. 8. Lond. 1794.
30. Horatii qua: supersunt. 12. Lond. 1794.
31. Tragosdiarum Grcecarum delectus. '2 v. 8. Lond. 1794. The Eumenides, Trachinia;, Philoctetes, Hercules, Alcestes, and Ion.
32. Pope's Works, with Remarks and Illustrations. Vol. I. 8. Warr. 1794.
33. A Reply to Paine s Second Part of the Age of Reason. 8. Lond. 1795.
34. Poetical Translations. 12. Lond. 1795. Especially from Horace and Juvenal.
35. Bionis et Moschi qua; supersunt. 12. Lond. 1795.
36. Virgilii Opera. 12. Lond. 1796.
37. Observations on Pope. 8. Lond. 1796. 38. A Reply to the Letter of Edmund Burke, Esq. 8. Lond. 1796. Twice reprinted.
39. Homer's Iliad by Pope, with Notes. 11 v. 8. Lond. 1796.
40. Lucretius de Rerum Natura. 3 v. 4. and 8. Lond. 1796, 1797. A splendid book, with some collations of manuscripts, and some notes of Bentley. But the collations are said to be inaccurate, and the commentary more prolix than judicious See Porson in Br. Critic, 1801, XVII. p. 452, and Elmsley in the Classical Journal. He received, however, many grateful and panegyrical acknowledgments from his German corre spondents. The edition is dedicated to Mr. Fox, with whom he commenced an acquaintance on the occasion.
41. In Euripidis Hecubam Diatribe. Lond. 1794. On Person's Hecuba.
42. A Letter to Jacob Bryant, Esq., on the War of Troy. 4. Lond. 1797.
43. A Letter to William Wilberforce, Esq. 8. Lond. 1797. Reprinted.
44. A Reply to some parts of tlie Bishop of Llandajfs Address to the People of Great Britain. 8. Lond. 1798. Twice reprinted.
45. A Letter to Sir John Scott, his Majesty's Attorney General, on the subject of a late Trial. 8. Lond. 1798.
46. Defence delivered in the Court of King's Bench. 47. Address to the Judges in April. 48. Address to the Judges in May. Printed but not published.
49. The First Satire of Juvenal Imitated. 12. 1800. Life, Vol. H.
50. Correspondence with the late Right Hon. C. J. Fox. 8. Lond. 1813. Chiefly on subjects of Classical Literature.

 But few of the characters that have ever employed the pen of a biographer, have exhibited more remarkable contrasts, either in a moral or in a literary point of view, than that of Gilbert Wakefield: and he has accordingly been depicted, by critics and historians of various sentiments, in colours the most opposite and the most discordant. " Of his particular modes of thinking on religious and political subjects," says Mr. Lind- say, " different men will form different opinions: concerning the integrity of his heart, and the consistency of his character, there can be but one opinion amongst those who enjoyed the happiness of his acquaintance." It would, indeed, be difficult to find out a more splendid example of high honour and self denial, and of magnificent liberality, even under actual pecuniary embarrassment, than Mr. Wakefield displayed, at a time when he had to support himself, with a wife and six or seven children, on about 150/. a year, in voluntarily paying the expenses of Mr. Cuthell on his prosecution for publishing the Reply to the Bishop of LlandafFs Address, which exceeded the  whole yearly amount of his income. " His devotedness to study," says his friend Dr. Aikin, " was by no means attended witli a reserved or unsocial disposition; for no one could delight more in free conversation, or bear his part in it with a more truly social spirit: and if, in controversial and critical writings, he was apt to indulge in the contemptuous and severe expressions which he found too much sanctioned by polemical use, in disputation by word of mouth he was singularly calm and gentle, patient in hearing, and placid in replying. To conclude the topic of (his) moral character, it was marked by an openness, a simplicity, a good faith, an affectionate ardour, a noble elevation of soul, which made way to the hearts of all who nearly approached him, and rendered him the object of their warmest attachment." But " he wanted time or patience," says Dr. Parr very justly, " for that discrimination which would have made his conjectures fewer indeed, but more probable, and his principles more exact: (yet) I shall ever think of him as one of the best scholars produced by my own country in my own age." The compliments of Heyne, and of his pupil Jacobs, are still more elaborate : but it is well known that when Porson was one day asked for a toast, with a sentiment from Shakespeare, he gave " Gilbert Wakefield, Whafs Hecuba to him, en- he to Hecuba ?" and there was quite as much of truth as there was of neatness in the application. A reviewer of his Life in the British Critic, by no means favourably disposed towards him, readily admits, that " he was strictly and enthusiastically honest, and seems to have acquired even a passion for priva- tions: these feelings, added to his pride of independent thinking, led him, we doubt not," he says, " to abstain from wine; to have relinquished in part, and to be tending entirely to give up, the use of animal food, with various other instances of peculiarity. Knowing his own assiduity, and giving himself ample credit for sagacity, he thought that he was equal to the decision of every possible question : and thus he became bigoted to almost every paradox which had once possessed his very eccentric understanding. He was as violent against Greek accents as he was against the Trinity, and anathematized the final N as strongly as Episcopacy. Whatever coincided not with his ideas of rectitude, justice, elegance, or whatever else it might be, was to give way at once, and to be rescinded at his pleasure, on pain of the most violent reprehension to all opponents; whether it were an article of faith, a principle of policy, a doctrine of morality, or a reading in an ancient author, away it must go, vultures. the and dogs.  These exterminating sentences were also given with such precipitancy, as not to allow even a minute for consideration. To the paper, to the press, to the (public), all was given at once, frequently to the incurring of the most palpable absurdity. Thus the simple elegance of O beats Sexti, in Horace, was proposed, in an edition of that author, to be changed to 0 bea Te Sexti, though the alteration, besides being most bald and taste-- less, produced a blunder in quantity so gross, that no boy, even in the middle part of a public school, would have been thought pardonable in committing it. By faults (either) original or habitual, his sincerity became offensive, his honesty haughty and uncharitable, his intrepidity factious, his acuteness delusive, and his memory, assisted by much diligence, a vast weapon which his judgment was totally unable to wield." It is not impossible that Mr. Wakefield might have been more successful in his studies, if he could have found sufficient motives for directing them rather to scientific than to philological pursuits: for he seems to have been fully impressed with the superior dignity of science to that of any department of philology. " Compared with the noble theories of mathematical philosophy," he says, "our classical lucubrations are as the glimmering of a taper to the meridian splendour of an equatorial sun." He would, however, scarcely have had perseverance enough to distinguish himself in that solitary labour which is required for the minute investigation of natural phenomena : and it is seldom that any collateral encouragement is held out, in this country, for the continued cultivation of abstract science; while the classical scholar, though he is supposed to be principally occupied with nouns, and verbs, and particles, is in fact unconsciously, and, therefore, most effectually, learning the arts of poetry, and rhetoric, and logic, which have furnished, in all ages, the spur and the reins for urging on and directing the mighty bulk of the body politic, in church and in state, at the will of its leaders. The young man, on the other hand, who commences the pursuit of science with ardour, obtains, if he is most successful, and untormented by unnecessary scruples, a quiet fellowship, a comfortable apartment, and an excellent plain dinner for the remainder of his life : and if he fails of these, he may chance to be made an exciseman ; or, in the improved arrangements of the present auspicious days, a computer or an assistant astronomer: but with respect to any influence that his pursuits might be supposed to have on the elevation of his rank in life, or in the independent provision for a family, he must lay no such flattering unctions to his soul, but must at all times place his pride and his happiness in the reflection that AT MIHI PLA.UDO IPSE DOMI, which is, in truth, the best sublunary support of the wise and the good in every circumstance of human life. " (LIFE OF WAKEFIELD. )

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