The New Covenant's Insufficiency
Their Proposition: "The New Covenant Will Pass Away"
The New Covenant will never pass away. However, misunderstanding the terms (such as age/world) used in the New Testament has lead many to state that the New Covenant must pass away before the fulfillment of the new heavens an earth. Some claim multiple New Covenants:
Dr. John Master
"Ever since Origen designated the first-century canonical writings the "New Testament" many Christians have commonly assumed [erroneously] a direct relationship between the church and the New Covenant of Jeremiah 31:31-34." (The New Covenant, Issues in Dispensationalism, Moody Press.)
Sir Robert Anderson
"For the only future advent known to our creeds or noticed in most of our standard theological works is Christ’s final coming to judgment — the awful climax of the great and terrible day of the Lord — when, the reign of grace being past and the era of mercy over, the flood-gates of divine vengeance will be opened upon a guilty world." (Types in Hebrews, ch. 9, p. 46)
Thomas Aquinas (1274)
"P(2a)-Q(106)-A(4)-O(1) — It would seem that the New Law will not last until the end of the world. Because, as the Apostle says (1 Corinthians 13:10), "when that which is perfect is come, that which is in part shall be done away." But the New Law is "in part," since the Apostle says (1 Corinthians 13:9): "We know in part and we prophesy in part." Therefore the New Law is to be done away, and will be succeeded by a more perfect state.
(Summa Theologica, vol. II, p. 1291)
THE NEW COVENANT'S SUFFICIENCY
"When therefore the servants of the Chief Priests and the Scribes saw these things, and heard from Jesus, "Whosoever is athirst, let him come to Me and drink" [John 7:371; they perceived that this was not a mere man like themselves, but that this was He Who gave water to the saints, and that it was He Who was announced by the prophet Isaiah. For He was truly the splendour of the light, and the Word of God. And thus as a river from the fountain He gave drink also of old to Paradise; but now to all men He gives the same gift of the Spirit, and says, "If any man thirst, let him come to Me and drink. Whosoever believeth on Me, as saith the Scripture, rivers of living water shall flow out of his belly" [John 7:37-381. This was not for man to say, but for the living God, Who truly vouchsafes life, and gives the Holy Spirit." (Letters [xliv])
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