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EARLY CHURCH

Ambrose
Ambrose, Pseudo
Andreas
Arethas
Aphrahat
Athanasius
Augustine
Barnabus
BarSerapion
Baruch, Pseudo
Bede
Chrysostom
Chrysostom, Pseudo
Clement, Alexandria
Clement, Rome
Clement, Pseudo
Cyprian
Ephraem
Epiphanes
Eusebius
Gregory
Hegesippus
Hippolytus
Ignatius
Irenaeus
Isidore
James
Jerome
King Jesus
Apostle John
Lactantius
Luke
Mark
Justin Martyr
Mathetes
Matthew
Melito
Oecumenius
Origen
Apostle Paul
Apostle Peter
Maurus Rabanus
Remigius
"Solomon"
Severus
St. Symeon
Tertullian
Theophylact
Victorinus

HISTORICAL PRETERISM
(Minor Fulfillment of Matt. 24/25 or Revelation in Past)

Joseph Addison
Oswald T. Allis
Thomas Aquinas
Karl Auberlen
Augustine
Albert Barnes
Karl Barth
G.K. Beale
Beasley-Murray
John Bengel
Wilhelm Bousset
John A. Broadus

David Brown
"Haddington Brown"
F.F. Bruce

Augustin Calmut
John Calvin
B.H. Carroll
Johannes Cocceius
Vern Crisler
Thomas Dekker
Wilhelm De Wette
Philip Doddridge
Isaak Dorner
Dutch Annotators
Alfred Edersheim
Jonathan Edwards

E.B. Elliott
Heinrich Ewald
Patrick Fairbairn
Js. Farquharson
A.R. Fausset
Robert Fleming
Hermann Gebhardt
Geneva Bible
Charles Homer Giblin
John Gill
William Gilpin
W.B. Godbey
Ezra Gould
Hank Hanegraaff
Hengstenberg
Matthew Henry
G.A. Henty
George Holford
Johann von Hug
William Hurte
J, F, and Brown
B.W. Johnson
John Jortin
Benjamin Keach
K.F. Keil
Henry Kett
Richard Knatchbull
Johann Lange

Cornelius Lapide
Nathaniel Lardner
Jean Le Clerc
Peter Leithart
Jack P. Lewis
Abiel Livermore
John Locke
Martin Luther

James MacDonald
James MacKnight
Dave MacPherson
Keith Mathison
Philip Mauro
Thomas Manton
Heinrich Meyer
J.D. Michaelis
Johann Neander
Sir Isaac Newton
Thomas Newton
Stafford North
Dr. John Owen
 Blaise Pascal
William W. Patton
Arthur Pink

Thomas Pyle
Maurus Rabanus
St. Remigius

Anne Rice
Kim Riddlebarger
J.C. Robertson
Edward Robinson
Andrew Sandlin
Johann Schabalie
Philip Schaff
Thomas Scott
C.J. Seraiah
Daniel Smith
Dr. John Smith
C.H. Spurgeon

Rudolph E. Stier
A.H. Strong
St. Symeon
Theophylact
Friedrich Tholuck
George Townsend
James Ussher
Wm. Warburton
Benjamin Warfield

Noah Webster
John Wesley
B.F. Westcott
William Whiston
Herman Witsius
N.T. Wright

John Wycliffe
Richard Wynne
C.F.J. Zullig

MODERN PRETERISTS
(Major Fulfillment of Matt. 24/25 or Revelation in Past)

Firmin Abauzit
Jay Adams
Luis Alcazar
Greg Bahnsen
Beausobre, L'Enfant
Jacques Bousset
John L. Bray
David Brewster
Dr. John Brown
Thomas Brown
Newcombe Cappe
David Chilton
Adam Clarke

Henry Cowles
Ephraim Currier
R.W. Dale
Gary DeMar
P.S. Desprez
Johann Eichhorn
Heneage Elsley
F.W. Farrar
Samuel Frost
Kenneth Gentry
Steve Gregg
Hugo Grotius
Francis X. Gumerlock
Henry Hammond
Hampden-Cook
Friedrich Hartwig
Adolph Hausrath
Thomas Hayne
J.G. Herder
Timothy Kenrick
J. Marcellus Kik
Samuel Lee
Peter Leithart
John Lightfoot
Benjamin Marshall
F.D. Maurice
Marion Morris
Ovid Need, Jr
Wm. Newcombe
N.A. Nisbett
Gary North
Randall Otto
Zachary Pearce
Andrew Perriman
Beilby Porteus
Ernst Renan
Gregory Sharpe
Fr. Spadafora
R.C. Sproul
Moses Stuart
Milton S. Terry
Herbert Thorndike
C. Vanderwaal
Foy Wallace
Israel P. Warren
Chas Wellbeloved
J.J. Wetstein
Richard Weymouth
Daniel Whitby
George Wilkins
E.P. Woodward
 

FUTURISTS
(Virtually No Fulfillment of Matt. 24/25 & Revelation in 1st C. - Types Only ; Also Included are "Higher Critics" Not Associated With Any Particular Eschatology)

Henry Alford
G.C. Berkower
Alan Patrick Boyd
John Bradford
Wm. Burkitt
George Caird
Conybeare/ Howson
John Crossan
John N. Darby
C.H. Dodd
E.B. Elliott
G.S. Faber
Jerry Falwell
Charles G. Finney
J.P. Green Sr.
Murray Harris
Thomas Ice

Benjamin Jowett
John N.D. Kelly

Hal Lindsey
John MacArthur
William Miller
Robert Mounce

Eduard Reuss

J.A.T. Robinson
George Rosenmuller
D.S. Russell
George Sandison
C.I. Scofield
Dr. John Smith

Norman Snaith
"Televangelists"
Thomas Torrance
Jack/Rex VanImpe
John Walvoord

Quakers : George Fox | Margaret Fell (Fox) | Isaac Penington


PRETERIST UNIVERSALISM | MODERN PRETERISM | PRETERIST IDEALISM

SATAN vs. JESUS
WHO IS THE RULER OF THE WORLD?

Romans 16:20

"Say among the heathen that the LORD reigneth: the world also shall be established that it shall not be moved: he shall judge the people righteously." Psalm 96:10

"Isaiah said these things because he saw His glory and spoke about Him." John 12:20

COMPARING II CORINTHIANS 4:4
WITH MANY OTHER PASSAGES TO DETERMINE
WHICH GOD IS DOING THE BLINDING


ACCORDING TO RAPTURE-THEORY, THE WORLD IS NOW IN A FAILED "LAODICEAN AGE" WITH SATAN IN CONTROL OF THE NATIONS AS "THE GOD OF THIS WORLD"

 (2 Corinthians 4:3-6) "But if our gospel be hid, it is hid to them that are lost: (4) In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them. (5) For we preach not ourselves, but Christ Jesus the Lord; and ourselves your servants for Jesus' sake. (6) For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, hath shined in our hearts, to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ."
 

COMPARING II CORINTHIANS 4:4
WITH ISAIAH 6:10, JOHN 12:40-41 AND II THESSALONIANS 2:11-12

"Go, and tell this people, Hear ye indeed, but understand not; and see ye indeed, but perceive not. Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and convert, and be healed." Isaiah 6:8-10 (KJV)

"In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them." II Cor 4:4 (KJV)

"And for this reason God will send them strong delusion, that they should believe the lie, that they all may be condemned who did not believe the truth but had pleasure in unrighteousness." 2 Thessalonians 2:11-12 (KJV)

"He has blinded their eyes and hardened their hearts, so that they would not see with their eyes or understand with their hearts, and be converted, and I would heal them.  Isaiah said these things because he saw His glory and spoke about Him." John 12:40-41

TRANSLATIONS AND COMMENTARIES
ON II CORINTHIANS 4:4:

"In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them." (KJV)

"They do not come to trust because the god of the 'olam hazeh has blinded their minds, in order to prevent them from seeing the light shining from the Good News about the glory of the Messiah, who is the image of God." II Cor. 4:4 (Complete Jewish Bible)

  • NASB "this world" Lit {age}"
  • NKJV "whose minds the god of this age has blinded.."
  • HOLMAN - "the god of this age"
  • NEW LIVING - "Satan, the god of this evil world, has blinded the minds of those who don't believe, so they are unable to see the glorious light of the Good News that is shining upon them."
  • GOOD NEWS - "They do not believe, because their minds have been kept in the dark by the evil god of this world."
  • CJB - "They do not come to trust because the god of the 'olam hazeh has blinded their minds"
  • NCV - "The devil who rules this world has blinded the minds of those who do not believe"
  • YLT - "in whom the god of this age did blind the minds of the unbelieving"
  • VULGATE - "in quibus deus huius saeculi excaecavit mentes infidelium ut non fulgeat inluminatio evangelii gloriae Christi qui est imago Dei"
  • WEY - "in whom the god of this present age has blinded their unbelieving minds"

 

Don Garlington
"Perhaps the closest verbal parallel is Paul's prediction, in 2 Thessalonians 2, of the revelation of the man of lawlessness. The "coming" of this "lawless one," says Paul, is to be "by the activity of Satan" with "all power and with pretended signs and wonders," along with "all wicked deception" for those who are to perish; it is upon them that God sends a strong delusion, to make them believe a lie (vv. 9-11). Observe that this work of deception takes the particular form of a claim to Godhood (v. 4). Here, in other words, is Satan, "the god of this world," in the person of the Antichrist deceiving the nations for a while, until the Lord Jesus slays him with the breath of his mouth (v. 8). Especially noteworthy is the reversion of the nations to their idolatry, the very situation confronted by the apostles in Acts 14 and 17."  (
Reigning with Christ)

Geneva Marginal Notes
Matthew
16:23 {9} But he turned, and said unto Peter, Get thee behind me, {r} Satan: thou art an offence unto me: for thou {s} savourest not the things that be of God, but those that be of men.

(r) The Hebrews call him Satan, that is to say an adversary, whom the Greeks call diabolos, that is to say, slanderer, or tempter: but it is spoken of them, that either of malice, as Judas, # Joh 6:70, or of lightness and pride resist the will of God.

John Gill
"Ver. 31. Now is the judgment of this world, &c.] That is, in a very short time will be the judgment either of the Jewish world, when that shall be reproved, convinced, and condemned for their sin of rejecting Christ, and crucifying him, by the spirit, in the ministration of the Gospel; and they still continuing in their impenitence and unbelief, in process of time wrath will come upon them, upon their nation, city, and temple, to the uttermost; or of the Gentile world, when there shall be a discrimination, and separation made in it, of the chosen of God, who shall be called by special grace, and with the converted and believing Jews, shall form a Gospel church state, separate from the world of the ungodly; or of the world of God's elect among Jews and Gentiles, whose cause, being undertook by Christ, he will now vindicate it, and redeem them from sin and Satan, who have usurped a power and dominion over them: hence it follows,

now shall the prince of this world be cast out. The phrase, ..., "the prince of the world", is much used by Jewish writers {d}, by whom an angel is meant; and they seem to design the angel of death, which is the devil: and it is certain, that he is here intended, and is so called, not because he has any legal power and authority over the world; but because he has usurped a dominion over it, and has great power and efficacy in the hearts of the children of disobedience, who yield a voluntary subjection to him, as if he was their proper lord and sovereign: now the time was at hand, when he should be cast out of the empire of the world he had assumed, and out of the temples of the Gentiles, and out of the hearts of God's elect among them."

Jamieson, Fausset and Brown
4. In whom--Translate, "In whose case."
god of this world--The worldly make him their God (
Philippians 3:19). He is, in fact, "the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that ruleth in the children of disobedience" (Ephesians 2:2).
minds--"understandings": "mental perceptions," as in
2 Corinthians 3:14.
Those perishing unbelievers are not merely veiled, but blinded (
2 Corinthians 3:14,15): Greek, not "blinded," but "hardened."  (in loc)

 

Ovid Need, Jr.
"First, the world judged was the Jewish world that rejected Christ (pictured by the cursed fig tree). Second, when the Lord spoke at this point, Satan's usurped power and dominion over the world and its inhabitants was about to be broken by the Lord by his death and restriction.

Note 2 Corinthians 4:4: In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them. But the Lord in John 12:31 identifies Satan as the prince of this world. Therefore, the god of v. 4 is the Lord God, creator of heaven and earth." (Matthew 24, Facts and Fiction)

James Stuart Russell
"
The Judgment of this World, and of the Prince of this World.

JOHN xii. 31-- ' Now is - the judgment of this world: now shall the prince of this world be cast out.' JOHN xvi. 11.-- 'Of judgment, because the prince of this world is judged.'

     It is usual to explain these words as meaning that a great crisis in the spiritual history of the world was now at hand : that the death of Christ upon the cross was the turning-point, so to speak, of the great conflict between good and evil, between the living and true God and the false usurping god of this world- that the result of Christ's death would be the ultimate overthrow of Satan's power and the final establishment of the kingdom of truth and righteousness on the ruins of Satan's empire.

     No doubt there is much important truth in this explanation, but it fails to satisfy all the requirements of the very distinct and emphatic language of our Lord with respect to the nearness and completeness of the event to which He refers : 'Now is the judgment of this world ; now shall the prince of this world be cast out.' It is not enough to say that, to the prophetic foresight of our Saviour, the distant future was as if it were present; nor, that by His approaching death the judgment of the world and the expulsion of Satan would be virtually secured, and might therefore be regarded as accomplished facts. Nor is it enough to say, that from the moment when the great sacrifice of the Cross was offered, the power and influence of Satan began to ebb, and must continually decrease until it is finally annihilated. The language of our Lord manifestly points to a great and final judicial transaction, which was soon to take place. But judgment is an act which can hardly be conceived as extending over an indefinite period, and especially when it is restricted by the word now, to a distinct and imminent point of time. The phrase 'cast out,' also, is evidently an allusion to the expulsion of a demon from a body possessed by an unclean spirit. But this suggests a sudden, violent, and almost instantaneous act, and not a gradual and protracted process. No figure could be less appropriate to describe the slow ebbing and ultimate exhaustion of Satanic power than the casting out of a demon. We are compelled, therefore, to set aside the explanation which makes our Lord's words refer to a judgment which, after the lapse of many ages, is still going on; or to an expulsion of Satan which has not yet been effected. He would not speak of a judgment which was not to take place for thousands of years as 'now,' nor of a 'casting out' of Satan as imminent, which was to be the result of a slow and protracted process.

     We conclude, then, that when our Lord said, ' Now is the judgment of this world,' etc., He had reference to an event which was near, and in a sense immediate: that is to say, He had in view that great catastrophe which seems to have been scarcely ever absent from His thoughts- the solemn judicial transaction when 'the Son of man was to sit upon the throne of his glory '-the great ' harvest' at the end of the age, when the angel reapers were to 'gather out of his kingdom all things that offend, and them that do iniquity.' If it be objected to this that the word kosmos (world) is too comprehensive to be restricted to one land or one nation, it may be replied that kosmoj is employed here, as in some other passages, especially in the writings of St. John, rather in an ethical sense than as a geographical expression. (See John vii. 7 ; viii. 23 ; 1 John ii. 15 ; v. 14.)

     But it may be said, How could this judgment of Israel be spoken of as 'now,' any more than a judgment which is still in the future ? Forty years hence is no more now than four thousand years. To this it may be replied, That event was now imminent which more than any other would precipitate the day of doom for Israel. The crucifixion of Christ was the climax of crime,-- the culminating act of apostasy and guilt which filled the cup of wrath, and sealed the fate of 'that wicked generation.' The interval between the crucifixion of Christ and the destruction of Jerusalem was only the brief space between the passing of the sentence and the execution of the criminal; and just as our Lord, when. quitting the temple for the last time, exclaimed, 'Behold, your house is left unto you desolate !' though its desolation did not actually take place till nearly forty years after, so He might say, 'Now is the judgment of this world'-- though a like space of time would elapse between the utterance and the accomplishment of His words.

     In like manner the ' casting out of the prince of this world' is represented as coincident with 'the judgment of this world,' and both are manifestly the result of the death of Christ. But how can it be said that Satan was cast out at the period referred to, viz. the judgment at the close of the age ? That event marked a great epoch in the divine administration. It was the inauguration of a new order of things : the 'coining of the kingdom of God' in a high and special sense, when the peculiar relation subsisting between Jehovah and Israel was dissolved, and He became known as the God and Father of the whole human race. Thenceforth Satan was no longer to be the god of this world, but the Most High was to take the kingdom to Himself. This revolution was effected by the atoning death of Christ upon the cross, which is declared to be 'the reconciliation of all things unto God, whether they be things in earth, or things in heaven' (Col. i. 20). But the formal inauguration of the new order is represented as taking place at ' the end of the age,' the period when 'the kingdom of God was to come with power,' and the Son of man was to sit as Judge 'on the throne of his glory.' What, then, could be more appropriate than the 'casting out ' of the prince of this world at the period when his kingdom, 'this world,' was judged ?

     It may be objected that if any such event as the casting out of Satan did then take place, it ought to be marked by some very palpable diminution of the power of the devil over men. The objection is reasonable, and it may be met by the assertion that such evidence of the abatement of Satanic influence in the world does exist. The history of our Saviour's own times furnishes abundant proof of the exercise of a power over the souls and bodies of men then possessed by Satan which happily is unknown in our days. The mysterious influence called 'demoniacal possession' is always ascribed in Scripture to Satanic agency ; and it was one of the credentials of our Lord's divine commission that He, 'by the finger of God, cast out devils.' At what period did the subjection of men to demoniacal power cease to be manifested ? It was common in our Lord's days : it continued during the age of the apostles, for we have many allusions to their casting out of unclean spirits; but we have no evidence that it continued to exist in the post-apostolic ages. The phenomenon has so completely disappeared that to many its former existence is incredible, and they resolve it into a popular superstition, or ,in unscientific theory of mental disease,-- an explanation totally incompatible with the representations of the New Testament.

We think the words plainly point to a great judicial transaction, taking place at a particular point of time, that time very near, and as the consequence and result of the Saviour's death upon the cross. Such a transaction and such a period we can find only in the great catastrophe so vividly depicted by our Lord in His prophetic discourse, and we can therefore have no hesitation in understanding His words to refer to that memorable event.

     No other explanation satisfies the requirements of the declaration : 'Now is the judgment of this world; now shall the prince of this world be cast out.'" (Parousia in John)

Is Satan the God of This World?

Dr. John Gill
In whom the god of this world hath blinded

The description of the persons to whom the Gospel is hid, is here further carried on; in which the character of Satan is given, who is here styled "the god of this world"; just as he is by Christ, "the prince of this world", (
John 12:31) (14:30) not because he had any hand in the making of it, or has any concern in the government of it, or in the disposal of men or things in it; but because of his influence over the worst, and greatest part of the world; which lies in wickedness, under the power of this wicked one, being led captive by him at his will; who have voluntarily given themselves up to him, and whose lusts they will do; and so declare themselves to be his children, and him their Father, yea, their god: the influence he has over them is, he hath blinded the minds of them that believe not."

Matthew Henry
"The god of this world hath blinded their minds, v. 4. They are under the influence and power of the devil, who is here called the god of this world, and elsewhere the prince of this world, because of the great interest he has in this world, the homage that is paid to him by multitudes in this world, and the great sway that, by divine permission, he bears in the world, and in the hearts of his subjects, or rather slaves. And as he is the prince of darkness, and ruler of the darkness of this world, so he darkens the understandings of men, and increases their prejudices, and supports his interest by keeping them in the dark, blinding their minds with ignorance, and error, and prejudices, that they should not behold the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God. "

Robertsons Word Pictures
"
The god of this world (o qeoß tou aiwnoß toutou). "Age," more exactly, as in 1 Corinthians 1:20. Satan is "the god of this age," a phrase nowhere else in the N.T., but Jesus uses the same idea in John 12:31; John 14:30 and Paul in Ephesians 2:2; Ephesians 6:12 and John in 1 John 5:19. Satan claimed the rule over the world in the temptations with Jesus. Blinded (etuplwsen). First aorist active of tuplow, old verb to blind (tuploß, blind). They refused to believe (apistwn) and so Satan got the power to blind their thoughts. That happens with wilful disbelievers. The light (ton pwtismon). The illumination, the enlightening. Late word from potizw, to give light, in Plutarch and LXX. In N.T. only in 2 Corinthians 4:4,6. Accusative case of general reference here with the articular infinitive (eiß to mh augasai that should not dawn). That is, if augasai is intransitive as is likely, though it is transitive in the old poets (from augh, radiance. Cf. German Auge=eye). If it is transitive, the idea would be "that they should not see clearly the illumination, etc." (
loc)

Howard Sides
"I have visited this site on several occassions and found it to be very useful. I enjoy seeing that others also believe that some prophecies in the Bible are very plainly seen to be fulfilled, but as the Bible says in II Corinthians 4:3-5, "But if our gospel be hid, it is hid to them that are lost: 4  In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them. 5  For we preach not ourselves, but Christ Jesus the Lord; and ourselves your servants for Jesus' sake." We should pray for those who cannot see the things of God because they are blinded by Satan." (
1999 Guestbook)

Larry Spargimino
But are we to be regarded as "the bad guys" because we recognize that Satan is "the god of this world" (2 Cor. 4:4)? Did not the apostle Paul write that Christians are to be "casting down imaginations, and every high thing that exalteth itself against the knowledge of God, and bringing into captivity every thought to the obedience of Christ" (2 Cor. 10:5)?" (
The Eclipse)

John Welsey
"
The God of this world - What a sublime and horrible description of Satan! He is indeed the god of all that believe not, and works in them with inconceivable energy. Hath blinded - Not only veiled, the eye of their understanding. Illumination - Is properly the reflection or propagation of light, from those who are already enlightened, to others. " (
loc)



TRANSLATIONS AND COMMENTARIES
ON ISAIAH 16:10

"Isaiah said these things because he saw His glory and spoke about Him."

"Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and convert, and be healed." Isaiah 6:10 (KJV)

"In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them." II Cor 4:4 (KJV)

The Prophet Isaiah
6:8Also I heard the voice of the Lord, saying, Whom shall I send, and who will go for us? Then said I, Here am I; send me.
6:9And he said, Go, and tell this people, Hear ye indeed, but understand not; and see ye indeed, but perceive not.
6:10Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and convert, and be healed.
6:11Then said I, Lord, how long? And he answered, Until the cities be wasted without inhabitant, and the houses without man, and the land be utterly desolate,
6:12And the LORD have removed men far away, and there be a great forsaking in the midst of the land.
6:13But yet in it shall be a tenth, and it shall return, and shall be eaten: as a teil tree, and as an oak, whose substance is in them, when they cast their leaves: so the holy seed shall be the substance thereof.

The Apostle John
"He has blinded their eyes and hardened their hearts, so that they would not see with their eyes or understand with their hearts, and be converted, and I would heal them.  Isaiah said these things because he saw His glory and spoke about Him. " (John 12:20)
 
Preterist Commentaries By Historicist / Continuists

Matthew Henry
"Note, (1.) The conversion of sinners is the healing of them. (2.) A right understanding is necessary to conversion. (3.) God sometimes, in a way of righteous judgment, gives men up to blindness of mind and strong delusions, because they would not receive the truth in the love of it, 2 Th. 2:10–12. He that is filthy let him be filthy still. (4.) Even the word of God oftentimes proves a means of hardening sinners."

v. 11, 12. The prophet had nothing to object against the justice of this sentence, nor does he refuse to go upon such an errand, but asks, "Lord, how long?’’ (an abrupt question): "Shall it always be thus? Must I and other prophets always labour in vain among them, and will things never be better?’’ Or, (as should seem by the answer) "Lord, what will it come to at last? What will be in the end hereof?’’ In answer to this he is told that it should issue in the final destruction of the Jewish church and nation. "When the word of God, especially the word of the gospel, had been thus abused by them, they shall be unchurched, and consequently undone. Their cities shall be uninhabited, and their country houses too; the land shall be untilled, desolate with desolation (as it is in the margin), the people who should replenish the houses and cultivate the ground being all cut off by sword, famine, or pestilence, and those who escape with their lives being removed far away into captivity, so that there shall be a great and general forsaking in the midst of the land; that populous country shall become desert, and that glory of all lands shall be abandoned.’’ Note, Spiritual judgments often bring temporal judgments along with them upon persons and places. This was in part fulfilled in the destruction of Jerusalem by the Chaldeans, when the land, being left desolate, enjoyed her sabbaths seventy years; but, the foregoing predictions being so expressly applied in the New Testament to the Jews in our Saviour’s time, doubtless this points at the final destruction of that people by the Romans, in which it had a complete accomplishment, and the effects of it that people and that land remain under to this day." (in loc)

Jamieson, Fausset and Brown
"11. how long--will this wretched condition of the nation being hardened to its destruction continue?
until--(
Isaiah 5:9)--fulfilled primarily at the Babylonish captivity, and more fully at the dispersion under the Roman Titus."  (in loc.)

 

TRANSLATIONS AND COMMENTARIES ON JOHN 12:40 AND GOSPEL COUNTERPARTS

"He has blinded their eyes and hardened their hearts, so that they would not see with their eyes or understand with their hearts, and be converted, and I would heal them.  Isaiah said these things because he saw His glory and spoke about Him." John 12:40-41


GOSPEL COUNTERPARTS

MATTHEW

"In them the prophecy of Isaiah is fulfilled that says: You will listen and listen, yet never understand; and you will look and look, yet never perceive.  For this people's heart has grown callous; their ears are hard of hearing, and they have shut their eyes; otherwise they might see with their eyes and hear with their ears, understand with their hearts and turn back--and I would cure them. " (13:14-15)

MARK

"He answered them, "The secret of the kingdom of God has been granted to you, but to those outside, everything comes in parables so that they may look and look, yet not perceive; they may listen and listen, yet not understand; otherwise, they might turn back--and be forgiven. " (4:11-12)

LUKE

"So He said, "To know the secrets of the kingdom of God has been granted to you, but to the rest it is in parables, so that Looking they may not see, and hearing they may not understand." (8:10)


ROMANS

"What then? Israel did not find what it was looking for, but the elect did find it. The rest were hardened, as it is written: God gave them a spirit of stupor, eyes that cannot see and ears that cannot hear, to this day ." (11:7-8)

ACTS

Disagreeing among themselves, they began to leave after Paul made one statement: "The Holy Spirit correctly spoke through the prophet Isaiah to your forefathers when He said, Go to this people and say: 'You will listen and listen, yet never understand; and you will look and look, yet never perceive. For this people's heart has grown callous, their ears are hard of hearing, and they have shut their eyes; otherwise they might see with their eyes and hear with their ears, understand with their heart, and be converted--and I would heal them.'  (28:25-28)


 

FURTHER CONSIDERATIONS
 

Exactly How Much Power Does Jesus Presently Possess?

KEY VERSES:

  • Psalm 24:1 A Psalm of David. The earth is the LORD's, and all its fullness, The world and those who dwell therein. 
  • Psalm 89:11 The heavens are Yours, the earth also is Yours; The world and all its fullness, You have founded them.
  • Ephesians 1:21 far above all principality and power and might and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this age but also in that which is to come. 
  • Mt 28:18 - And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth.

Exactly How Much Power Does 'Satan' Presently Possess?

KEY VERSES:

  • Colossians 2:15 - Having disarmed principalities and powers, He made a public spectacle of them, triumphing over them in it.  (NKJV)


Codex Washingtonianus
MARK 16's LONG ENDING - AN EARLY CHRISTIAN VIEW OF THE DEFEAT OF SATAN  "It probably is the work of a second or third century scribe who wished to soften the severe condemnation of the Eleven in 16.14." - (Bruce Metzger, A Textual Commentary on the Greek New Testament, 1971)

"And they excused themselves, saying, 'This age of lawlessness and unbelief is under Satan, who does not allow the truth and power of God to prevail over the unclean things of the spirits. [or, does not allow what lies under the unclean spirits to understand the truth and power of God] Therefore reveal your righteousness now' -- thus they spoke to Christ. And Christ replied to them, ' The term of years of Satan's power has been fulfilled, but other terrible things draw near.  And for those who have sinned, I was handed over to death, that they may return to the truth and sin no more, in order that they may inherit the spiritual and incorruptible glory of righteousness which is in heaven.'" (Mark 16:14, New Revised Standard Version, based on Codex Washingtonianus)

 

Which Age of the Lord's Kingly Reign Did the Psalms Foresee?
The Rapture theory's future "Millennial" or post-millennial Reign? ..or the Present Reign of Jesus Christ in the New Covenant aion/age?

  • Ps 2:6 - Yet have I set my king upon my holy hill of Zion.
  • Ps 9:8 - He shall judge the world in righteousness, he shall minister judgment to the people in uprightness.  
  • Ps 9:11 - Sing praises to the LORD, which dwelleth in Zion: declare among the people his doings.
  • Ps 10:16 - The LORD is King for ever and ever: the heathen are perished out of his land.
  • Pr 21:1 - The king's heart is in the hand of the LORD, as the rivers of water: he turneth it whithersoever he will.
  • Ps 24:7 - Lift up your heads, O ye gates; and be ye lift up, ye everlasting doors; and the King of glory shall come in.
  • Ps 24:8 - Who is this King of glory? The LORD strong and mighty, the LORD mighty in battle.
  • Ps 29:10 - The LORD sitteth upon the flood; yea, the LORD sitteth King for ever.
  • Ps 33:16 - There is no king saved by the multitude of an host: a mighty man is not delivered by much strength.
  • Ps 47:2 - For the LORD most high is terrible; he is a great King over all the earth. 
  • Ps 48:2 - Beautiful for situation, the joy of the whole earth, is mount Zion, on the sides of the north, the city of the great King.
  • Ps 96:10 - Say among the heathen that the LORD reigneth: the world also shall be established that it shall not be moved: he shall judge the people righteously.
  • Ps 99:4 - The king's strength also loveth judgment; thou dost establish equity, thou executest judgment and righteousness in Jacob.
  • Ps 127:1 - Except the LORD build the house, they labour in vain that build it: except the LORD keep the city, the watchman waketh but in vain.

What do YOU think ?

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Date:

17 Jan 2005

Time:

09:06:29

Comments

There are TWO WORLDS, one natural and doomed and one spiritual and eternal, during this present "thousand years," just as there were TWO ISRAELS, one natural and doomed and one spiritual and eternal, during the 40 years AD 30-70. When Christ was born the old, natural, hopelessly fallen Israel existed in the old, natural, hopelessly fallen world. But ALL things (Israel AND the world) were made new (spiritually regenerated) in the first century (Rev. 21:5). And so today the new, spiritual and eternal Israel, the church, exists in the new, spiritual and eternal world that is described in Rev. 21 and 22. No other outcome could have been possible since the man Israel and the man Adam were separate types fulfilled by Christ in the first century. 


Date:
17 Jan 2005
Time:
09:24:39

Comments

more of the usual nonsense I see. 


Date:
19 Jan 2005
Time:
13:37:43

Comments

TDD: I didn't say that both of the two worlds that exist today (one only temporarily) were made new. I said that both the old Israel and the old world were made new. When Christ was born the old, natural world and the old, natural Israel were both hopelessly fallen; both were trapped in satanic spiritual darkness and despair, and both desperately needed to be spiritually liberated; both desperately needed a heavenly Savior and King. The natural man Israel was a type fulfilled in the first century by Christ, the true Israel, and so it logically follows (despite Scofield's denial) that the old, natural nation of Israel (the natural offspring of the man Israel and their natural institutions) was a type fulfilled in the first century by the new, spiritual Israel (the spiritual offspring of Christ-the-true-Israel and their spiritual institutions). But the NT makes it clear that the man Adam also was a type fulfilled by Christ in the first century and so it also logically follows that the old, natural world (the natural offspring of the man Adam and their natural institutions) was a type fulfilled in the first century by the new, spiritual world described in Rev. 21 and 22 (the spiritual offspring of Christ-the-true-Adam and THEIR spiritual institutions) INTO WHICH the new and spiritual Jerusalem descended when that new world finally appeared. Christ, the true and spiritual Israel, ascended to heaven in AD 30 pending the appearance of that new world because God would NEVER have allowed the perfect, new, spotless and wrinkle-free spiritual Jerusalem to exist in the very imperfect, very old, very spotted and very wrinkled natural world.


Date:
19 Jan 2005
Time:
14:12:53

Comments

TDD: Slight correction: Last sentence should say God would never allow the new, spiritual Jerusalem, the church, to be part of the old, fallen, natural world. The church is IN the old, natural world but it is not OF that world. Spiritual regeneration (conversion -- the new birth) results in the creation of a new, spiritual (invisible) person in Christ (2 Cor. 5:17) but the old, natural (visible) person in Adam still lives for its allotted number of years (and wars against the new man in Christ). Pending the appearance on earth of the new, spiritual world of Rev. 21 and 22, the old, natural bodies of living believers were still on the earth but the new, spiritual persons in Christ had been translated into Christ's spiritual kingdom (Col. 1:13) and seated with him in heaven (Eph. 2:6). At Christ's parousia, when the new, spiritual and eternal world appeared, heaven and its spiritual occupants descended to earth, i.e., the kingdom of God came on earth as in heaven (Mt.6:10).


Date:
23 Jan 2005
Time:
08:27:43

Comments

ZIONISM'S FOUR CATEGORIES: Zionists are people who don't accept the NT's claim that God was finished forever with the old, natural and temporary Israel when his Son, the true, spiritual and eternal Israel, rose from the dead in the spring of AD 30. There are 4 primary categories of Zionists: 1) First-century, Christ-rejecting Israelites who denied that God was finished forever with OT, natural Israel in the spring of AD 30. 2) Modern-day, Christ-rejecting descendants of the first-century Israelites who deny that God was finished forever with OT, natural Israel in the spring of AD 30. 3) Christians (both born-again and nominal) who hold the false and harmful, 19th-century dispensationalist belief that God's special, OT relationship with natural Israel will be resumed during a future 1,000-year period known as the millennium. 4) Christians (both born-again and nominal) who hold the false and harmful, traditional preterist belief that God's special OT relationship with natural Israel did not end in the spring of AD 30 but instead continued during a 40-year period (AD 30-70) known as the millennium.


Date: 07 May 2007
Time: 18:56:33

Comments:

Satan is the ruler of the world's system which, is contrary to the character of God.
Jesus is the ruler of the hearts of those who believe in Him thus, they (we) have escaped the power of Satan's sway in terms of blindness to the truth of the gospel.

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