Frederich Adolph Philippi
WHAT OTHERS HAVE SAID
"Let us not forget that once in the Church's history it was the common belief that John's 1000 years were gone. Dorner bears witness that the Church up to Constantine understood by Antichrist chiefly the heathen state, and to some extent unbelieving Judaism (System iv.,390). Victorinus, a bishop martyred in 303, reckoned the 1000 years from the birth of Christ.
Augustine wrote his magnum opus 'the City of God' with a sort of dim perception of the identity of the Christian Church with the new Jerusalem. Indeed we know that the 1000 years were held to be running by the generations previous to that date, and so intense was their faith that the universal Church was in a ferment of excitement about and shortly after 1000 A.D. in expectation of the outbreak of Satanic influence. Wickliff, the reformer, believed that Satan bad been unbound at the end of the 1000 years, and was intensely active in his day. That this period in Church history is past, or now runs its course, has been the belief of a roll of eminent men too long to be chronicled on our pages of Augustine, Luther, Bossuet, Cocceius, Grotius, Hammond, Hengstenberg, Keil, Moses Stuart, Philippi, Maurice." (Alexander Brown, Great Day of the Lord, p. 216.)
Frédéric Auguste Lichtenberger
"Among the other representatives of this Neo-Lutheranism, we must name
FRIEDRICH ADOLF PHILIPPI (1809-1882). Born at Berlin of Jewish parents, he
became Professor at Borpat in 1841, and at Rostock in 1852. He is the author
of a voluminous Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans, and of a system of
Eeclesiastical Dogmaties? In the latter work, Philippi, repudiating all
speculative construction and all accommodation to modern tendencies,
expounds with clearness, but not without prolixity, the Lutheran doctrine as
it is to be derived from the Symbolical Books and the works of the
dogmatists of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. " (History of German
Theology in the Nineteenth Century, p. 443)
Friedrich Adolf Philippi (October 15, 1809, Berlin -
August 29, 1882, Rostock) was a Lutheran theologian of Jewish origin.
He was the son of a wealthy Jewish banker, a friend of Mendelssohn.
Converted to Christianity in 1829, he studied philosophy and theology at
Berlin and Leipzig (Ph.D. 1831), and became successively a teacher at a
private school in Dresden and at the Joachimsthalsche Gymnasium at Berlin
In 1837 he received his diploma as Lutheran minister, and in 1838 was
admitted as privatdozent to the theological faculty of the University of
In 1841 he was elected professor of theology at the University of Tartu; he
received the degree of D.D. "honoris causa" from the
Friedrich-Alexander-University, Erlangen-Nuremberg in 1843.
"Die Lehre vom Thätigen Gehorsam Christi", Berlin, 1841;
"Kirchliche Glaubenslehre", Gütersloh, 1854-1879 (3d ed. 1883-85), a
standard work from the Orthodox Lutheran point of view;
"Vorlesungen über Symbolik", ib. 1883
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