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"That upstart inquirer into the Revelation, the Jesuit Alcazar, would labor to wrest this Prophecy for the purpose of teaching that ancient Rome, the head of Pagan idolatry, by an allegedly admirable change of condition, was to be changed into the Metropolis of the Catholic Church, and that the Roman Church was to gloriously triumph in respect to both the city of Rome and the Roman Empire, and that the sovereign authority of the Romish Pope should always remain in the height of honor. Alcazar’s exposition of the Revelation is such a filthy and impudent depravation of this most sacred Prophecy that even the Devil himself ought to blush at it. And I should wonder if these considerable frivolous trifles do not cause laughter or shame to the Court of Rome itself!
I know not whether this new stratagem of interpretation devised by Alcazar is for currying favor with the Pope or to harden him the more to his destruction. But it is certain that he strays from the scope of this Prophecy in his hypothesis by forging new Oracles concerning the Church and Monarchy of the Pope of Rome, and if I may speak bluntly, he foully depraves the true arguments of the Revelation. His hypotheses or positions are principally four; one general, three specific.
(1) His general hypothesis is one which describes the purpose of the Revelation, ‘that it describes a two-fold war of the Church: one with the Synagogue, the other with Paganism, and a two-fold victory and triumph over both adversaries.’
(2) Of his specific hypotheses, the first is one which teaches that in the first eleven chapters is represented the rejection of the Jewish nation, including the desolation of Jerusalem by the Romans.
(3) The second hypothesis states that the nine chapters which follow portend the Empire of the Roman Church dominant over Rome and the whole world, the overthrow of Paganism. The horrible judgment of the Great Whore and destruction of Babylon is effected by Constantine the Great and his successors.
(4) The third teaches that in the last two chapters the glorious and triumphant state of the Roman Church in Heaven seen under the types of the Lamb’s bride and the city of New Jerusalem.
This new fiction of Alcazar is even
abundantly refuted by the judgment of the Jesuits Ribera and Bellarmine!" (Commentary
WHAT OTHERS HAVE SAID
"Paraeus. David Paraeus (1548-1622) was a German Calvinist whose commentary on Revelations was translated into English 1n 1644. [A commentary upon the divine Revelation of the apostle and evangelist, Iohn by David Pareus ... ; and specially some things upon the 20th chapter are observed by the same authour against the Millenaries ; translated out of the Latine into English, by Elias Arnold. Amsterdam: Printed by C.P., 1644. Microfilm. Ann Arbor, Mich. University Microfilms, 1971. 1 microfilm reel; 35 mm. (Early English books, 1641-1700; 394:23).] Milton cites him frequently in his prose, especially the divorce tracts."
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