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Ambrose
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HISTORICAL PRETERISM
(Minor Fulfillment of Matt. 24/25 or Revelation in Past)

Joseph Addison
Oswald T. Allis
Thomas Aquinas
Karl Auberlen
Augustine
Albert Barnes
Karl Barth
G.K. Beale
Beasley-Murray
John Bengel
Wilhelm Bousset
John A. Broadus

David Brown
"Haddington Brown"
F.F. Bruce

Augustin Calmut
John Calvin
B.H. Carroll
Johannes Cocceius
Vern Crisler
Thomas Dekker
Wilhelm De Wette
Philip Doddridge
Isaak Dorner
Dutch Annotators
Alfred Edersheim
Jonathan Edwards

E.B. Elliott
Heinrich Ewald
Patrick Fairbairn
Js. Farquharson
A.R. Fausset
Robert Fleming
Hermann Gebhardt
Geneva Bible
Charles Homer Giblin
John Gill
William Gilpin
W.B. Godbey
Ezra Gould
Hank Hanegraaff
Hengstenberg
Matthew Henry
G.A. Henty
George Holford
Johann von Hug
William Hurte
J, F, and Brown
B.W. Johnson
John Jortin
Benjamin Keach
K.F. Keil
Henry Kett
Richard Knatchbull
Johann Lange

Cornelius Lapide
Nathaniel Lardner
Jean Le Clerc
Peter Leithart
Jack P. Lewis
Abiel Livermore
John Locke
Martin Luther

James MacDonald
James MacKnight
Dave MacPherson
Keith Mathison
Philip Mauro
Thomas Manton
Heinrich Meyer
J.D. Michaelis
Johann Neander
Sir Isaac Newton
Thomas Newton
Stafford North
Dr. John Owen
 Blaise Pascal
William W. Patton
Arthur Pink

Thomas Pyle
Maurus Rabanus
St. Remigius

Anne Rice
Kim Riddlebarger
J.C. Robertson
Edward Robinson
Andrew Sandlin
Johann Schabalie
Philip Schaff
Thomas Scott
C.J. Seraiah
Daniel Smith
Dr. John Smith
C.H. Spurgeon

Rudolph E. Stier
A.H. Strong
St. Symeon
Theophylact
Friedrich Tholuck
George Townsend
James Ussher
Wm. Warburton
Benjamin Warfield

Noah Webster
John Wesley
B.F. Westcott
William Whiston
Herman Witsius
N.T. Wright

John Wycliffe
Richard Wynne
C.F.J. Zullig

MODERN PRETERISTS
(Major Fulfillment of Matt. 24/25 or Revelation in Past)

Firmin Abauzit
Jay Adams
Luis Alcazar
Greg Bahnsen
Beausobre, L'Enfant
Jacques Bousset
John L. Bray
David Brewster
Dr. John Brown
Thomas Brown
Newcombe Cappe
David Chilton
Adam Clarke

Henry Cowles
Ephraim Currier
R.W. Dale
Gary DeMar
P.S. Desprez
Johann Eichhorn
Heneage Elsley
F.W. Farrar
Samuel Frost
Kenneth Gentry
Steve Gregg
Hugo Grotius
Francis X. Gumerlock
Henry Hammond
Hampden-Cook
Friedrich Hartwig
Adolph Hausrath
Thomas Hayne
J.G. Herder
Timothy Kenrick
J. Marcellus Kik
Samuel Lee
Peter Leithart
John Lightfoot
Benjamin Marshall
F.D. Maurice
Marion Morris
Ovid Need, Jr
Wm. Newcombe
N.A. Nisbett
Gary North
Randall Otto
Zachary Pearce
Andrew Perriman
Beilby Porteus
Ernst Renan
Gregory Sharpe
Fr. Spadafora
R.C. Sproul
Moses Stuart
Milton S. Terry
Herbert Thorndike
C. Vanderwaal
Foy Wallace
Israel P. Warren
Chas Wellbeloved
J.J. Wetstein
Richard Weymouth
Daniel Whitby
George Wilkins
E.P. Woodward
 

FUTURISTS
(Virtually No Fulfillment of Matt. 24/25 & Revelation in 1st C. - Types Only ; Also Included are "Higher Critics" Not Associated With Any Particular Eschatology)

Henry Alford
G.C. Berkower
Alan Patrick Boyd
John Bradford
Wm. Burkitt
George Caird
Conybeare/ Howson
John Crossan
John N. Darby
C.H. Dodd
E.B. Elliott
G.S. Faber
Jerry Falwell
Charles G. Finney
J.P. Green Sr.
Murray Harris
Thomas Ice

Benjamin Jowett
John N.D. Kelly

Hal Lindsey
John MacArthur
William Miller
Robert Mounce

Eduard Reuss

J.A.T. Robinson
George Rosenmuller
D.S. Russell
George Sandison
C.I. Scofield
Dr. John Smith

Norman Snaith
"Televangelists"
Thomas Torrance
Jack/Rex VanImpe
John Walvoord

Quakers : George Fox | Margaret Fell (Fox) | Isaac Penington


PRETERIST UNIVERSALISM | MODERN PRETERISM | PRETERIST IDEALISM

"Mello" - Greek Word for "About to"?
 

  • Mello, “about to be” or “certainly will” that is the question. Showing signs of delusional thought Hyper Preterist 2 makes the claim that all the translators of the English Bible versions conspired together to suppress the actual meaning of the word.  The claim of HP1 is at best merely a demonstration of ignorance fueled by some bad information and an unwillingness to test the validity of a claim or at worst is evidence of intellectual dishonesty in knowingly conveying an illegitimate concept, that being the range of meaning for “Mello” was restricted.  However, the claim of HP2 leads one to wonder how many cards are in the decks of these purveyors of heresy.  In fashion akin to a Hollywood fiction flick, HP2 was positing a mass conspiracy and cover-up.  Forsaking their academic calling, according to HP2, the translators of Scripture had assigned a “fuzzy” meaning just to hinder the truth from coming out."

 Kenneth L. Gentry
"...this term means ‘be on the point of, be about to.’...According to Young’s Literal Translation of the Bible, Revelation 1:19 reads: ‘Write the things that thou hast seen, and the things that are, and the things that are about to come [mello] after these things." The leading interlinear versions of the New Testament concur. This is surely the proper translation of the verse." (The Beast of Revelation pp.23-24)
 

Greek Word Studies

Vine's Theological Dictionary
"mello>  signifies (a) “of intention, to be about to do something,” e.g., Acts 3:3; 18:14; 20:3; Heb. 8:5; (b) “of certainty, compulsion or necessity, to be certain to act,” e.g., John 6:71. See ALMOST, BEGIN, COME, INTEND, MEAN, MIND, POINT OF (at), READY, SHALL, SHOULD, TARRY.

Thayer's Greek-English Lexicon
"to be about to do anything." (p. 396)

Analytical Greek Lexicon
"to be about to, to be on the point of,...it serves to express in general a settled futurity...." (p. 262)

Bauer-Arndt-Gingrich
"denotes certainty that an event will take place," (Second Edition, p. 500)

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance
"be  about to be, do, or suffer something...." (# 3195)
 

Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature
1. To take place at a future point of time and so to be subsequent to another event, *be about to*, used with infinitive following. (a) [...] with the future infinitive *mellw* denotes certainty that an event will occur in the future. *will certainly take place or be* Acts 11:28;` 24:15; 27:10. (b) with the aorist infinitive [...] *be on the point of, be about to* [...] Romans 8:18 [...] Revelation 3:2, 16. (c) with the present infinitive [...] (alpha) *be about to, be on the point of* [...] *he was at the point of death* [...] Luke 7:2 [...] John 4:47 [...] of heavenly glory 1 Peter 5:1, Cp. Luke 19:4; John 6:6; Acts 3:3; 5:35; 18:14; 21:27; 22:36; 23:27. — occasionally almost = *begin* [...] Revelation 10:4 [...] *when all things are are* (or *begin*) *to be accomplished* Mark 13:4; cp. Luke 21:7; Revelation 10:7. (beta) in a weakened sense it serves simply as a periphrasis for the future [...] *what I tell or shall tell him* [...]. — Substitute for the disappearing future [...] Acts 28:6; for the future participle [...] Matthew 11:14. [...] *the one who was going to do this* Luke 22:23; cp. 24:21; Acts 13:34. [...] *those who were to believe* (in him) *in the future* 1 Timothy 1:16. [...] *those who were to be ungodly in the future* 2 Peter 2:6 variant reading [...]. Of Christ [...] 2 Timothy 4:1; [...] *raging fire that will devour the opponents* Hebrews 10:27. (gamma) denoting an intended action: *intend, purpose, have in mind* [...] *Herod intends to search for the child* Matthew 2:13, [...] *where he himself intended to come* Luke 10:1, [...] *they intended to come* John 6:15. Cp. vers 71; 7:35; 12:4; 14:22; Acts 17:31; 20:3, 7, 13ab; 23:15; 26:2; 27:30; Hebrews 8:5; 2 Peter 1:12. [...] *what do you intend to do?* Hs 1:5 [...] *I have no intention of doing* MPol 8:2 [...] *they wanted to nail him fast* [...] *wanted to take him out* 17:2.

2. to be inevitable, *be destined, inevitable* (a) with present infinitive to denote an action that necessarily follows a divine decree *is destined, must, certainly* … [...] *he is destined to suffer* Matthew 17:12; [...] *must be crucified* 12:1 [...] Mt 17:22; Lk 9:44; B 16:5 [...] John 11:51; 12:33; 18:32, [...]. Cp Mt 16:27; 20:22; Romans 4:24 8:13; Revelation 12:5, [...] *they should no more see … Acts 20:38. [...] *what must come to pass 26:22; cp. Revelation 1:19. [...] *those who are to inherit salvation* Hebrews 1:14. [...] *that were to be afflicted* 1 Thess. 3:4, — Mark 10:32; Luke 9:31; John 7:39; Hebrews 11:8. [...] *on the day on which Paul was to fight the wild animals AcPl Ha 3, 9 [...] *in expectation of the city’s destruction* 5, 16. [...] *I* (Jesus ) *am about to be crucified once more* 7, 29. (b) with aorist infinitive [...] *that is destined (according to God’s will) to be revealed* Galatians 3:23.

3. The participle is used absolutely in the meaning *(in the) future, to come* [...] *the age to come* [...] which brings the reign of God [...] Mt. 12:32; Ephesians 1:21; [...] Hebrews 6:5. [...] 1 Tim. 4:8 [...] Hebrews 2:5. [...] 13:4 [...] 9:11; [...] *the judgment to come Acts 24:25; [...] Mt. 3:7. [...] Romans 5:14. [...] *for the future* [...] 1 Tim. 6:19; specifically *(in the) next year* [...] Lk 13:9 [...] *the things to come* [...] Colossians 2:17 [...]. [...] Romans 8:38; 1 Cor. 3:22 [...] 2 Peter 2:6.
 

 

HOW THE VERSES WOULD LOOK IF MELLO MEANT ABOUT TO

II Timothy 4:1 "Then I solemnly witness before God and the Lord Jesus Christ, He being about to judge living and dead [at] His appearance and His kingdom."

Acts 24:25 "And [Paul] having reasoned concerning righteousness and self control, and the Judgment that is about to be, becoming afraid, Felix answered, For the present, go; but taking time later, I will call for you."

Hebrews 10:25-27 "...not forsaking the assembling together of ourselves, as [is the] custom of some, but exhorting, and by so much more as you see the Day drawing near. For [if] we [are] willfully sinning after receiving the full knowledge of the truth, there remains no more sacrifice concerning sins, but a certain fearful expectation of judgment and zealous fire being about to consume the adversaries [compare II Thess.1:1-10]."

Acts 28:6  "But they expected him to be about to become inflamed, or suddenly to fall down dead."

Acts 24:14-15  "But I confess this to you that according to the Way, which they say [is] a sect, so I worship the ancestral God believing all things according to that having been written in the Law and the Prophets, having a hope toward God, which these themselves also admit, [of] a resurrection being about to be of [the] dead, both of the just and unjust ones."

Matthew 16:27-28 "For the Son of man is about to come with His angels in the glory of His Father. And then He will give reward to each according to his action. Truly I say to you, There are some standing here who in no way will taste of death until they see the Son of man coming in His kingdom."

Acts 17:31 (exact form as Mtt.16:27 and Rev.1:19. Alfred Marshall’s, The Interlinear Greek-English New Testament) "...because he set a day in which he is about to judge the inhabited earth in righteousness, by a man whom he designated, a guarantee offering to all having raised up him out of [the] dead."

I Peter 5:1,4 (exact form as Rev.3:10, which Dr. Gentry favors)  "I, a fellow elder, exhort the elders among you, I being also witness of the sufferings of Christ, and [being] sharer of the glory about to be revealed....And [at] the appearing of the Chief Shepherd, you will receive the never-fading crown of glory"

 Hebrews 1:14 "Are they not all ministering spirits for service, being sent out because of the [ones] being about to inherit salvation

 

What do YOU think ?

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Date: 25 Nov 2005
Time: 20:35:43

Comments:

Preston failed to address whether 'mello' is before a present infinitive or not. I'm a Preterist and there are times I wish it was cut and dry but it isn't always the case. Thayer and BAG both specify that if it is before a present infinitive it is 'about to, on the point of ' . If 'mello' is not before the pres. inf. then it could simply mean a certain future, a divine decree etc. I would like it to be 'about to' in most cases for the Preterist view but I would have a doubtful basis for this. My real question would be - how did thayer, BAG decide that only the pres. inf. cases count for 'about to' ? Did they have other sources to decide ? Was it mainly the context of the verses and in that case if you're Dispensationalist ( or merely seeing the verses as far into the future) you would see a mere 'sure future', whereas a Preterist would see more urgency in the verses and translate MELLO as 'about to' ?
Any one qualified to answer this one ? Any thoughts ?

Steve K.

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