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"Scriptures give the Christ different names. Sometimes they call Him Jacob: "Jacob, my son, I will help thee; Israel, my chosen, my soul hath received him, he shall bring judgment unto the nations." (Eusebius, AD 312)

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EARLY CHURCH

Ambrose
Ambrose, Pseudo
Andreas
Arethas
Aphrahat
Athanasius
Augustine
Barnabus
BarSerapion
Baruch, Pseudo
Bede
Chrysostom
Chrysostom, Pseudo
Clement, Alexandria
Clement, Rome
Clement, Pseudo
Cyprian
Ephraem
Epiphanes
Eusebius
Gregory
Hegesippus
Hippolytus
Ignatius
Irenaeus
Isidore
James
Jerome
King Jesus
Apostle John
Lactantius
Luke
Mark
Justin Martyr
Mathetes
Matthew
Melito
Oecumenius
Origen
Apostle Paul
Apostle Peter
Maurus Rabanus
Remigius
"Solomon"
Severus
St. Symeon
Tertullian
Theophylact
Victorinus

HISTORICAL PRETERISM
(Minor Fulfillment of Matt. 24/25 or Revelation in Past)

Joseph Addison
Oswald T. Allis
Thomas Aquinas
Karl Auberlen
Augustine
Albert Barnes
Karl Barth
G.K. Beale
Beasley-Murray
John Bengel
Wilhelm Bousset
John A. Broadus

David Brown
"Haddington Brown"
F.F. Bruce

Augustin Calmut
John Calvin
B.H. Carroll
Johannes Cocceius
Vern Crisler
Thomas Dekker
Wilhelm De Wette
Philip Doddridge
Isaak Dorner
Dutch Annotators
Alfred Edersheim
Jonathan Edwards

E.B. Elliott
Heinrich Ewald
Patrick Fairbairn
Js. Farquharson
A.R. Fausset
Robert Fleming
Hermann Gebhardt
Geneva Bible
Charles Homer Giblin
John Gill
William Gilpin
W.B. Godbey
Ezra Gould
Hank Hanegraaff
Hengstenberg
Matthew Henry
G.A. Henty
George Holford
Johann von Hug
William Hurte
J, F, and Brown
B.W. Johnson
John Jortin
Benjamin Keach
K.F. Keil
Henry Kett
Richard Knatchbull
Johann Lange

Cornelius Lapide
Nathaniel Lardner
Jean Le Clerc
Peter Leithart
Jack P. Lewis
Abiel Livermore
John Locke
Martin Luther

James MacDonald
James MacKnight
Dave MacPherson
Keith Mathison
Philip Mauro
Thomas Manton
Heinrich Meyer
J.D. Michaelis
Johann Neander
Sir Isaac Newton
Thomas Newton
Stafford North
Dr. John Owen
 Blaise Pascal
William W. Patton
Arthur Pink

Thomas Pyle
Maurus Rabanus
St. Remigius

Anne Rice
Kim Riddlebarger
J.C. Robertson
Edward Robinson
Andrew Sandlin
Johann Schabalie
Philip Schaff
Thomas Scott
C.J. Seraiah
Daniel Smith
Dr. John Smith
C.H. Spurgeon

Rudolph E. Stier
A.H. Strong
St. Symeon
Theophylact
Friedrich Tholuck
George Townsend
James Ussher
Wm. Warburton
Benjamin Warfield

Noah Webster
John Wesley
B.F. Westcott
William Whiston
Herman Witsius
N.T. Wright

John Wycliffe
Richard Wynne
C.F.J. Zullig

MODERN PRETERISTS
(Major Fulfillment of Matt. 24/25 or Revelation in Past)

Firmin Abauzit
Jay Adams
Luis Alcazar
Greg Bahnsen
Beausobre, L'Enfant
Jacques Bousset
John L. Bray
David Brewster
Dr. John Brown
Thomas Brown
Newcombe Cappe
David Chilton
Adam Clarke

Henry Cowles
Ephraim Currier
R.W. Dale
Gary DeMar
P.S. Desprez
Johann Eichhorn
Heneage Elsley
F.W. Farrar
Samuel Frost
Kenneth Gentry
Steve Gregg
Hugo Grotius
Francis X. Gumerlock
Henry Hammond
Hampden-Cook
Friedrich Hartwig
Adolph Hausrath
Thomas Hayne
J.G. Herder
Timothy Kenrick
J. Marcellus Kik
Samuel Lee
Peter Leithart
John Lightfoot
Benjamin Marshall
F.D. Maurice
Marion Morris
Ovid Need, Jr
Wm. Newcombe
N.A. Nisbett
Gary North
Randall Otto
Zachary Pearce
Andrew Perriman
Beilby Porteus
Ernst Renan
Gregory Sharpe
Fr. Spadafora
R.C. Sproul
Moses Stuart
Milton S. Terry
Herbert Thorndike
C. Vanderwaal
Foy Wallace
Israel P. Warren
Chas Wellbeloved
J.J. Wetstein
Richard Weymouth
Daniel Whitby
George Wilkins
E.P. Woodward
 

FUTURISTS
(Virtually No Fulfillment of Matt. 24/25 & Revelation in 1st C. - Types Only ; Also Included are "Higher Critics" Not Associated With Any Particular Eschatology)

Henry Alford
G.C. Berkower
Alan Patrick Boyd
John Bradford
Wm. Burkitt
George Caird
Conybeare/ Howson
John Crossan
John N. Darby
C.H. Dodd
E.B. Elliott
G.S. Faber
Jerry Falwell
Charles G. Finney
J.P. Green Sr.
Murray Harris
Thomas Ice

Benjamin Jowett
John N.D. Kelly

Hal Lindsey
John MacArthur
William Miller
Robert Mounce

Eduard Reuss

J.A.T. Robinson
George Rosenmuller
D.S. Russell
George Sandison
C.I. Scofield
Dr. John Smith

Norman Snaith
"Televangelists"
Thomas Torrance
Jack/Rex VanImpe
John Walvoord

Quakers : George Fox | Margaret Fell (Fox) | Isaac Penington


PRETERIST UNIVERSALISM | MODERN PRETERISM | PRETERIST IDEALISM


Kuenen  (1874) "we ourselves, as Christians, are so greatly indebted to Israel, we should yet desire to become acquainted with the origin and growth of a religion which has achieved so many conquests. It appears here, if anywhere, how unreasonable it would be to 'despise the day of small things' for here we are reminded of 'the grain of mustard seed, which indeed is the least of all seeds, but when it is grown, it is the greatest among herbs, and becometh a tree, so that the birds of the air come and lodge in the branches thereof.'"

 

King Jesus Christ, the Focus of All Bible Prophecy

JESUS CHRIST
IS ISRAEL


"Israel is my son, even my firstborn"
(Ex. 4:22
cf. Hosea 11:1/Matthew 2:15)


 


 


THE SUM TOTAL OF BIBLE PROPHECY IS FOUND IN JESUS
PROPHECY UNITED BOTH HISTORICALLY (HORIZ) & PERSONALLY (VERT) AT CALVARY:

"For all the promises of God, whatever their number, have their confirmation in Him; and for this reason through Him also our "Amen" acknowledges their truth and promotes the glory of God through our faith."

"The days will come upon you when (B) your enemies will build an embankment against you and encircle you and hem you in on every side. They will not leave one stone on another, because (A) you did not recognize the time of God's coming to you."

"I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the first and the last."
Revelation 22:13


John 10:31 "I and the Father are one"

"Since Christ is the center of all Biblical prediction, there is properly an eschatology to be included in Christology. " Lewis Sperry Chafer (1947) The Second Coming of Christ Incarnate

THE BEST ESCHATOLOGY IS A PROPER CHRISTOLOGY! | Christ, The Surety of the Covenant | The Identification Of Israel | Jesus the Preterist | The Avenging of the Saviour | Ecclesiastical History  | Pascal on Prophecies | Proofs of Christ | The Ensign, Christ | Jesus: An Apocalyptic Prophet | Lord's Prayer Spoken in Aramaic | The Jewish Messiah: A Critical History of the Messianic Idea Among the Jews from the Rise of the Maccabbees to the Closing of the Talmud (1877 PDF)

"We look at this Son and see the God who cannot be seen. We look at this Son and see God's original purpose in everything created. For everything, absolutely everything, above and below, visible and invisible, rank after rank after rank of angels—everything got started in him and finds its purpose in him. He was there before any of it came into existence and holds it all together right up to this moment."


"THE MYSTICAL NAME ISRAEL LITERALLY
MEANS 'PRINCE OF GOD'"
(University of Cambridge Hebrew Professor Samuel Lee)

PREMISE #1: JESUS CHRIST IS ISRAEL

Jesus/Yeshua is the builder of the tabernacle of David -- He is the great King, both of the temporal and eternal worlds.  His supremacy over Jews as well as Gentiles is prophetically seen in Abraham's role as the father of both Ishmael and Isaac.    In Jesus Christ alone is the pattern of the Old Covenant body realized in His eternal glorious "One Body" --  The Body of Christ, The House of David (Isaiah 22:22) -- the "Israel of God" (Gal 6:15-16).

  • Exodus 4:22 "Israel is my son, even my firstborn"
  • Hosea 11:1 "When Israel was a child, then I loved him, and called my son out of Egypt."
  • Matthew 2:15 "And was there until the death of Herod: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying, Out of Egypt have I called my son. "
  • Zechariah 6:12 "Thus speaketh the Lord of Hosts, saying, Behold the man whose name is The BRANCH: and he shall grow up out of his place, and he shall build the temple of the Lord."
  • Isaiah 22:20,21 "And it shall come to pass in that day, that I will call my servant Eliakim the son of Hilkiah: And I will clothe him with thy robe, and strengthen him with thy girdle, and I will commit thy government into his hand: and he shall be a father to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and to the house of Judah."

#2: REJECTION OF ISRAEL BRINGS DESTRUCTION

Jeremiah 2:3 "Israel was holiness unto the Lord, and the firstfruits of his increase: all that devour him shall offend; evil shall come upon them, saith the Lord." 

There are two sides to the coin of ancient Israel's history.  The touch of God upon the pinnacle of Sinai must be balanced against the touch of God upon the pinnacle of the temple in A.D.70.   The first was felt at the formation of the nation, the latter at its dissolution.   It is important to realize that Preterists don't see the fall of Jerusalem in AD70 as punishment from God for the murder of Christ, as much as the natural consequence of having rejected him.  in other words, the Jewish nation destroyed itself by rejecting Jesus as Israel.

Hosea 13:9 "O Israel, thou hast destroyed thyself; but in me is thine help."

CHURBAN HABAYIT
"DESTRUCTION OF THE HOUSE"
On Tisha B'Av

HISTORICALLY TAKEN AS PROOF OF
 JESUS CHRIST AS MESSIAH



1846 Kaulbach The Destruction of Jerusalem by Titus

Copper engraving of the destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple in A.D.70. (1729)



Die Zerstörung des Tempels von Jerusalem - Francesco Hayez (1867)

"I Come Quickly" - Begins and Ends Jesus' Revelation

  • Revelation 3:11 "Behold, I come quickly: blessed is he that keepeth the sayings of the prophecy of this book."

  • Revelation 21:11 "Behold, I come quickly; and my reward is with me, to give every man according as his work shall be."

FULL DISCLOSURE:
THE PURPOSES OF THIS PAGE

  1. God's Chosen Person: Presenting the historic Ante-Nicene and Reformed position that only those in Christ are "God's chosen people." This Study includes Old Testament typology and Christology, which is believed to point to redemption in Jesus Christ.  (cf. I Sam 15:28; Matt 21:43)
  2. AD70 Desolation: Showing the consequences of rejecting Jesus Christ, as shown in the fall of the Jewish nation to the Romans.
  3. ANTI-SEMITISM Attempting to honestly address of the issue of Anti-Semitism head on, hearing from numerous sides on the issue -- while seeking a reasonable definition of the term.

9th of Av: Tisha B'Av

NOTE: Though much material on this page is potentially inflammatory, please respect that many views are being fully presented here.  There is no latent Jewish hatred hidden for the sake of political advantage.  Most Preterists do not share the opinion of Christian Zionists, who believe that Jews will be slaughtered in a future apocalypse.  The common argument which accuses preterists of teaching "replacement theology" is invalid because the covenant PRE-DATES the Jewish nation.  The Old Covenant was the replacement of the everlasting covenant, as shown in the law which was given at Horeb, alongside that of Moab:  

Philip Mauro: "But Moses interceded for the people; and God spared the people, and commanded Moses to lead them to the land He had promised to Abraham, Isaac, and to Jacob 33:1; and He made with them another covenant (34:10); which covenant, in respect to what was promised thereby, was very inferior to the covenant they had broken; for this substituted covenant (which was not a blood covenant) was restricted to the terms and conditions upon which God would permit them to continue in possession of the land of Canaan.   Those terms and conditions are set forth in detail in the book of Deuteronomy; where, after the recital of them, Moses writes "These are the words of the covenant which the Lord commanded Moses to make with the children of Israel in the land of Moab, beside the covenant which He made with them in Horeb" (Deut. 29:1)." (The Hope of Israel, ch. 5)

There has been much hatred spread towards Jewish people with AD70 as the backdrop.  A certain sneering at the Jewish people - primarily justified using the rejection of their King - rears its ugly head at times.  The passion plays in Alcazar's Spain were particularly grotesque in their smearing of all things Jewish.  However, there is no such agenda here, or generally among normal preterists (aside from Christian Identity ones perhaps).   Note that regarding Matthew 24:34 and its use of the word "generation":  The Christian Zionist attempt to identify the generation in question as the entire race of the Jews is here accused to be inherently Anti-Semitic, whereas it is said that to identify it as the particular generation then living is not.

1. JESUS OF BETHLEHEM, GOD'S CHOSEN PERSON

David Chilton
The Restoration of Israel
- "In His sovereign grace God has chosen to save some out of Israel, even as He has condemned Israel as a whole, so that "Israel has not obtained what it seeks; but the elect have obtained it, and the rest were hardened" in their unbelief, like the ungodly Pharaoh of Egypt (v. 7; cf. 9:14-18). For the majority of ethnic Israel, "God has given them a spirit of stupor, eyes that they should not see, and ears that they should not hear, to this very day" (v. 8; cf Acts 28:25-28). Upon those excommunicated from the covenant will come the curses of the Old Testament: "Let their table become a snare and a trap, a stumbling block and a recompense to them; let their eyes be darkened that they may not see, and bend their backs forever" (v. 9-10). Nevertheless, God still had His elect among ethnic Israel. Like Paul, they would be saved. God's rejection of Israel was not total." 
  

Holman Bible Dictionary
THE NEW COVENANT CHURCH IS THE TRUE ISRAEL  - "Christ claimed His servant-messiahship, for He is the Son of David, fulfilling the promise of God in the Old Testament. Jesus is the King but rejected every political interpretation of His messianic vocation. His kingdom is not of this world (John 18:36). "

Philip Mauro
The Hope Of Israel, What Is It?
- "There are certain Prophetic passages in the Old Testament, which, apart from the light afforded by the New, might be taken as relating to "Israel after the flesh," and as foretelling the restoration, at some future day, of their national greatness. The erroneous doctrine of the teachers of Israel was based upon an unspiritual interpretation of their own Scriptures; for "they know not the voices of their prophets which were read every sabbath day."

Guido Deimel
Judaism and Jewish Apologetics
  - "In view of the fact that in most of history the Jewish people and Jews have been severely persecuted and harassed, first and foremost by Christians and persons raised as Christians – who often justified their actions with the same Bible revered by their victims –, it is almost surprising how much Jewish apologetics resemble those promoted by Christian theologians."

James B. Jordan
The Future of Israel Re-examined
  - "Just as the fullness of the Gentiles eventually led to the fullness of Israel, so the fullness of faithful Churches today can and will lead to the fullness of unfaithful liberal and dead orthodox Christian communities."

Samuel Lee
"
I have but just returned from the morning service at the Cathedral, where I had much comfort in delivering a sermon on the Divinity of our Lord, showing that He was the Jehovah of the Mosaic and patriarchal dispensations incarnate. This consideration I find a most edifying and instructive one; it seems to open to me the doctrines of the prophetic Scriptures in a most encouraging point of view, and to ascribe positively to Christ all that has been said in the Psalms and Prophets of the right, etc., of the Lord, i.e., of Jehovah. I think my next must be an expansion of this consideration to show how intimately the doctrines of Scripture are connected with the true interpretation of prophecy. I have occasionally mentioned this to you generally. I now feel more particularly its value; and, as it will enable me to throw an immense amount of light on the Old Testament, and hence make the reading of it very profitable, and connect it closely with the New Testament, I cannot help thinking the endeavour will have great good both with myself and others, especially as it will have the effect of dispelling some of the Jewish--may I not say Egyptian--darkness under which it labours with the many. I got leave yesterday for *[ * Pupil at Blind Asylum.] Miss W. to come to the Cathedral today. She was "much gratified" and hopes to come again. So it always is with the things or persons we love; we no sooner have the pleasure of seeing them but we want to see them again. Well, I suppose I must ask leave again for her. The housekeeper at the asylum (for the blind) spoke very highly of her, particularly as exerting a very good influence upon those about her. This "liked me much." . . . Just returned from church. Mr C. preached a very good and really evangelical sermon. Some parts of it were echoes of mine this morning.' " ('41 PARK STREET, BRISTOL, 
'Aug. 31, 1851.)

Ovid Need, Jr.
Israel's Identity
  (Introduction to " Israel's Identity/Israel's Conversion.")   - "There are those who hold that the true Israel of God are those who can trace their blood line to Abraham through Isaac, if it were possible. There are those who claim that people who have gone through and keep certain rituals and ceremonies are the true Israel.  There are those who claim that the White Anglo-Saxon race is the true Israel. Midst all the voices calling out, "We are the true Israel of God," or "They are the true Israel," it seems that God's voice (Word) is ignored.
Israel Restored
  - "Leviticus 26:14-39 describes the "destruction" of Israel. Then vv. 40-46, describes the restoration of Israel. The question we would like to address is this -- is the promised restoration the restoration of the Old Testament national Israel, is it the New Testament Israel of God or does it refer to both."
Dead Bones
, Ez 37  - "The clear understanding of this vision is that God's Spirit could and would overcome the miserable condition of the Israelite nation. The promise here is that the Spirit would reestablish Israel into its covenant relationship with the Lord, where it would be blessed by the Lord."
The Ensign, Christ
  (Isa 11:10-12)  - "Adam's spiritual death resulted in Adam being the root of the fallen nation of sinners. Every one of Adam's seed was born a part of that nation of sinners. Christ tells his disciples here that through his death, he will become the root of a new nation. This new nation will love God. This new nation will have both the desire and power to do what Adam failed to do --- obey and please the heavenly Father. (Php. 2:13.)"
Can Jesus be the Messiah of the Jews today
?  - "The Christian Church, in which the promised completion of the theocracy begins to be realized, is the elect race, which consists of believing Israelites. (b) Their election to participation in the completed salvation is accomplished in baptism, in which God makes them a holy nation by equipping them with His Spirit, and granting them the full forgiveness of sin. (c) All Israelites who would not obey the demand of the message of salvation are excluded from the elect race. (d) Wherever individual Gentiles are received in to the Church through baptism, they are joined to the elect race, whose substance is formed by believing Israel."
Galatians
  - "Being a child of God by faith in Christ is the same as being a child of Abraham. Those who are sons of God are the children of Abraham as promised by God, and, accordingly, they alone are the heirs to the promise given by God to Abraham, (3:24) which we have already defined. Throughout this letter, Paul continually stresses the fact that heirship has nothing to do with physical birth, physical location nor with religious practices, i.e., keeping the laws of the Jews religion. (1:13.) At every turn, Paul points out that heirship is based upon faith: only those who are the sons of God are the children of Abraham according to the promise given to Abraham. The blessings of that promise are passed down by faith, not by race nor nationality."

Robert Roberts
The Signs of the Son of Man's Presence at the Destruction of Jerusalem

Dr. Bernhard Weiss
The Elect Race - "those who were unfaithful were cut off from physical Israel, cast out of the nation of Israel. Those who refused to obey the demands of salvation were excluded from the elect nation; those who obeyed the demands of salvation were grafted in even before Christ, e.g., Rehab, Ruth, &c.   Spiritual Israel, the elect race, continued, for it was made up of those faithful to the gospel message of the Messiah. They, the remnant, were kept faithful by the electing grace of God: He reserved them unto Himself, (Rom. 11:4.)

"Having realized that Jesus was the incarnate Lord of the Days of the Lord of the Old Testament, and that He was the Lord of the fall of Jerusalem in AD 70, we assume that He still continues His reign among all nations."
An Introduction to Post-Modern Explanation

Hank Hanegraaff (2004)
"Jesus is the fulfillment of the Law and Prophets and the promises of God." (p. 40)

Dr. Jortin
"Christ foretold the total destruction of the city and temple; the coming of false Christs and false prophets; famines, pestilences, earthquakes, fearful sights and great signs from heaven; the persecution of the apostles, the apostacy of some Christians; the preservation of the faith; the spreading of the gospel through the Roman world; the Roman standards defiling the holy place; the city encompassed with armies, walls and trenches; the retiring of the Christians to the mountains; the greatest tribulation that ever was known; the time when these things should happen; the comparative happiness of the barren woman; wars and rumours of wars, nation rising against nation and kingdom against kingdom; the dispersion of the captive Jews through all nations; the continuation of the desolation; a shortening the days of vengeance for the sake of the elect: all which came to pass. (Jortin's Remarks on E. Hist. vol. i.)

John Lightfoot
(On
Daniel 9:24-27 - "Weeks Prophecy")
"Daniel knowing from Jeremies Prophecie, that the seventy years of Captivity were now fully expired, addresseth himself to God by prayer for their return: he receiveth not only a gracious answer to his desire, but a Prediction of what times should pass over his people till the death of Christ; namely, seventy weeks, or seventy times seven years, or four hundred and ninety.  This space of time the Angel divideth into three unequal parts.

1. Seven sevens, or forty nine years, to the finishing of  Jerusalems Walls.
2. Sixty two sevens, or four hundred thirty four years, from that time, till the last seven.
3. The last seven in the latter half of which Christ Preacheth, viz. three years and a half, and then dieth, &c.

The twenty seventh Verse therefore is to be read thus:  He shall confirm the covenant with many in the one week, and in half that week he shall cause Sacrifice and Oblation to cease, &c.  So that from this year to the death of Christ are four hundred ninety years; and there is no cause, because of doubtful Records among the Heathen, to make a doubt of the fixedness of this time, which an Angel of the Lord hath pointed out with so much exactness."  (Works, 1st. Ed., Vol. 1; Chronology, p. 136)

"[C]hrist now hath three years and a half to live, and to be a publick Minister of the Gospel, as the angel Gabriel had told, Dan. 9.27. that in half of the last sevens of the years there named, he should confirm the Covenant:  R. Jochanan saith, Three years and an half the Divine Glory stood upon the Mount of Olives and cried, Seek the Lord while he may be found. Midr. Till. fol. 10. col. 4." (Works, 1st. Ed., Vol. 1; Harmony, p. 10)
A Commentary on the New Testament from the Talmud and Hebraica (1658)

N.T. Wright
"1) Jesus was a first-century Jewish prophet announcing God's kingdom (33).

2) He believed that the kingdom was breaking in to Israel's history in and through his own presence and work (37) ...

3) and summoning other Jews to abandon alternative kingdom visions and join him in his (40) ...

4) and warning of dire consequences for the nation, for Jerusalem, and for the temple, if his summons was ignored (42).

5) His agendas led him into a symbolic clash with those who embraced other ones, and this, together with the positive symbols of his own kingdom agenda, point to the way in which he saw his inaugurated kingdom moving toward accomplishment (47).

6) [Jesus indicated] in symbolic actions, and in cryptic and coded sayings, that he believed he was Israel's messiah, the one through whom the true God would accomplish his decisive purpose (50)." (Jesus' "Broad Strokes" "The Mission and Message of Jesus" chapter 3)

Isaac Watts

Joy to the world! the Lord is come!
         Let earth receive her King;
Let every heart prepare him room,
         And heav'n and nature sing.

 Joy to the earth! the Savior reigns!
         Let men their songs employ,
While fields and floods, rocks, hills, and plains,
         Repeat the sounding joy.

 No more let sins and sorrows grow,
         Nor thorns infest the ground;
He comes to make his blessings flow
         Far as the curse is found.

 He rules the world with truth and grace,
         And makes the nations prove
The glories of his righteousness,
         And wonders of his love. - Psalm 98 from Psalms of David Imitated

HERMENEUTICS: PROPHECY AND FULFILLMENT

"If all of Scripture finds its fulfillment and significance in Christ, then perhaps the exegete should be able to find Christological significance in each text."

 

Glenn R. Kreider
"If all of Scripture finds its fulfillment and significance in Christ, then perhaps the exegete should be able to find Christological significance in each text. This seems to be the practice of many of the interpreters surveyed. In this case, although the historical context and the original setting of the text are not unimportant, there is the desire to find the fuller or deeper meaning in the text in light of the coming of Christ.

Third, beginning with the Fathers, biblical exegesis is done within the community of faith and with a pastoral concern. If the only meaning of the text is found in its historical context, there is the perception of a lack of relevance for the contemporary church. This seems to have led many to look for Christological significance in order to have something to preach to their audience.

The examination of Jonathan Edwards's interpretation of Scripture will show that his method is consistent with the mainstream of biblical exegesis. Edwards has a particular focus on the Christological significance of the biblical text, a connection which he usually draws through the use of typology. Further, Edwards's pastoral concern seems to lead to a selective use of Scripture with particular Christological significance for his sermons. Many of the details of the visions in Revelation 4:1—8:1 receive little treatment in his sermons. Rather, these sermons have a Christological focus with an application for his audience to respond in faith and obedience to Christ."
 (Jonathan Edwards's interpretation of Revelation 4:1-8:1, p. 52)


SELECTIONS FROM "DIALOGUE WITH TRYPHO"

(On The Israel of God')
CHAP. XXV.--The Jews Boast in Vain That They are Sons of Abraham.
CHAP. LXXXII.--The Prophetical Gifts of the Jews were Transferred to the Christians.
CHAP. C.--In What Sense Christ is [Called] Jacob, Israel and the Son of Man.
CHAP. CXIX.--Christians Are The Holy People Promised to Abraham.
CHAP. CXX. -- Christians Were Promised to Isaac, Jacob, and Judah.
CHAP. CXXIII.--Ridiculous Interpretation of the Jews. Christians are the True Israel.
CHAP. CXXIV.--Christians are the Sons of God.
CHAP. CXXV.-- What Force the Word Israel Has, And How it Suits Christ.
CHAP. CXXXIV.--The Marriages of Jacob are a Figure of the Church.
CHAP. CXXXV.--Christ is the King of Israel, Christians are the Israelitic Race.
(On the Vanity of Jews)
CHAP. XII.--The Jews Violate the Eternal Law, and Interpret Ill that of Moses.
CHAP. XIV.--Righteousness Not in Jewish Rites, But Conversion of the Heart Given in Christ.
CHAP. XV.--In What True Fasting Consists.
CHAP. XVI.--Circumcision Given as Sign, That Jews Might Be Driven From Evil Deeds.
CHAP. XVII.--Jews Sent Persons to the Whole Earth to Spread Calumnies on Christians.
CHAP. XXXIII.--The Opinion of the Jews Regarding the Law Does an Injury to God.
CHAP. XXV.--The Jews Boast in Vain That They are the Sons of Abraham.
CHAP. XXVI.--No Salvation to the Jews Except Through Christ.
CHAP. XXIX.--Christ is Useless to Those Who Observe the Law.
CHAP. XLIV.--The Jews in Vain Promise Themselves Salvation.
CHAP. CVII.--The Resurrection of Christ did not Convert the Jews.
CHAP. CXXIII.--Ridiculous Interpretation of the Jews. Christians are the True Israel.
CHAP. CXXXIII.--The Hard-Heartedness of the Jews, for Whom the Christians Pray.
CHAP. CXXXVI.--The Jews, in Rejecting Christ, Rejected God Who Sent Him.
CHAP. CXXXVII.--He Exhorts the Jews to be Converted.
CHAP. CXL.--The Jews Hope For Salvation in Vain Because they are sons of Abraham.

CHRISTOLOGICAL FULFILLMENT AS SPELLED OUT IN THE BIBLE

Prophecy:
Isaiah 9:6 For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.7 Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this.

Fulfillment:

Luke 2;11,14 For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Saviour, which is Christ the Lord. Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward men.

Prophecy:
Isaiah 714 Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.(with us is God)

Fulfillment:

Matthew 1:23 Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us.

Prophecy:

Isaiah 40:3 The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the LORD, make straight in the desert a highway for our God.

Fulfillment:

Matthew 3:3 For this is he that was spoken of by the prophet Esaias, saying, The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths straight.

Prophecy:
Isaiah 40:28 Hast thou not known? hast thou not heard, that the everlasting God, the LORD, the Creator of the ends of the earth, fainteth not, neither is weary? there is no searching of his understanding.

Fulfillment:
John 11 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.2 The same was in the beginning with God.3 All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made. Colossians 1:16 For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and
that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him:17 And he is before all things, and by him all things consist.

Prophecy:

Psalm 102:24 I said, O my God, take me not away in the midst of my days: thy years are throughout all generations.25 Of old hast thou laid the foundation of the earth: and the heavens are the work of thy hands.26 They shall perish, but thou shalt endure: yea, all of them shall wax old like a garment; as a
vesture shalt thou change them, and they shall be changed:27 But thou art the same, and thy years shall have no end.
 
Fulfillment:
Hebrews 1:8 But unto the Son he saith, Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom.9 Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, even thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.10 And, Thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the works of thine hands:11 They shall perish; but thou remainest; and they all shall wax old as doth a garment;12 And as a vesture shalt thou fold them up, and they shall be changed: but thou art the same, and thy years shall not fail.

Timothy 3:16 And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory.

 Prophecy:
Hosea 1:7 But I will have mercy upon the house of Judah, and will save them by the LORD their God, and will not save them by bow, nor by sword, nor by battle, by horses, nor by horsemen.

Fulfillment:
Titus 2:13 Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ;

Prophecy:
Ecclesiastes 12:14 For God shall bring every work into judgment, with every secret thing, whether it be good, or whether it be evil.
 
Fulfillment:
2 Corinthians 510 For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ; that every one may receive the things done in his body, according to that he hath done, whether it be good or bad Acts 20:28 Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood. Isaiah 44:6 Thus saith the LORD the King of Israel, and his redeemer the LORD of hosts; I am the first, and I am the last; and beside me there is no God. Revelation 1:8 I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty. Revelation 117 And when I saw him, I fell at his feet as dead. And he laid his right hand upon me, saying unto me, Fear not; I am the first and the last:18 I am he that liveth, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death. Revelation 15:3 And they sing the song of Moses the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying, Great and marvellous are thy works, Lord God Almighty; just and true are thy ways, thou King of saints .Revelation 2212 And, behold, I come quickly; and my reward is with me, to give every man according as his work shall be. 13 I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the first and the last.

 



GOD AS HUSBAND IN THE OT
Isaiah 54:5 For thy Maker is thine husband; the LORD of hosts is his name; and thy Redeemer the Holy One of Israel; The God of the whole earth shall he be called.

CHRIST IS OUR HUSBAND IN THE NT
2 Corinthians 112 For I am jealous over you with godly jealousy: for I have espoused you to one husband, that I may present you as a chaste virgin to Christ.




1875 Blauvert on Jesus

 

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Date:

23 Sep 2003

Time:

21:00:17

Comments

Jesus said, "about the time and the hour, no one knows. The Son doesn't know nor do the angels know, but only the Father who is in heaven knows the time of the end of the age.


Date:
19 Oct 2003
Time:
05:41:13

Comments

Dear brother in Christ, We greet you in the glorious name of our Lord and savior Jesus christ. Dear brother I am so glad that I make known about ministry concerning service of God to you. Having the great burden towards the perishing souls we get involved in outreach Gospel. As you know that our country people most of them are idol worshippers and illiterates they are not willing to know that JESUS CHRIST is the Saviour of the world. Even through we are facing many problems and persecutions in all aspects from some powerful groups(You may know Bro. Graham Stains incident) we are going on in doing the Lord`s service in faith. Dear brother In these bad days our who focus on activities of young people to fell victims and to turn away from the right path. They are gradually attracted by T.V. serials and Internet illegal sites and they are wasting their time. So being forced by Holy Spirit we established a Library by name "HERMON Reading Room". We hope people may avail of this ministry and get some advantage. So dear brother kindly send your free Christian literature/material what ever the material available with you.So that you can support our ministry.Kindly up hold our ministry in your valuable prayers. Your answer will be gratefully received.Involve and support us to fulfill the goals.We expect favorable reply so that the Lord may move the situation here forward.We are praying very much for your ministry. [Our ministries: Evangelism, Sunday Schools, Out reach Gospel ministry,Youth Councelling and Tracts distribution] Thanking you Your`s in HIM, K.Prabhu Dayal Evangelist HERMON Reading Room 4-16-187/1,Bharath Pet,1st Line, GUNTUR - 522 002 [A.P.] INDIA.


Date:
27 Nov 2003
Time:
18:25:21

Comments

One must realize that Jesus then was a man, and revealed whatever that was revealed to Him. At that point in time, when those words were spoken, Jesus is aware that "This generation shall not pass", but of the actual "day and hour", it was not reveal, not even to angels in heaven. ------ Mar 13:32 - But of that day and that hour knoweth no man, no, not the angels which are in heaven, neither the Son, but the Father. ------ Knowing that it was to happen "in this generation" that He was preaching to, it make sense to follow on and warned those who were listening: ------ Mar 13:33 - Take YE heed, watch and pray: for YE know not when the time is. ------ But when Jesus resurrected and ascended up back into Heaven, back to the Father, is it possible then, that the Father confide such privy information with Jesus? And at the appropriate time, Jesus then revealed to His people?------ 1Th 4:15 - For this we say unto YOU, BY THE WORD OF THE LORD, that WE which are alive and remain unto the coming of the Lord shall not prevent them which are asleep. ------ Yes, by the word of the Lord, the true believers in the same the generation that Paul was living in - "WE who are alive".... you know the rest. -- MS Cheo.


Date:
27 Nov 2003
Time:
19:31:01

Comments

Who is the god of the natural world?  The old, natural, temporary and merely typifying Israel was judged in the spring of AD 30 when the new, spiritual and eternal Israel appeared in the moment of Christ's resurrection. The old, Christ-rejecting Israel deserved to be destroyed at that point for rejecting its Savior and King but God granted the nation 40 years of grace prior to its destruction in AD 70. During those 40 years, Satan still ruled over the natural (unsaved) Israelites and their persecution of the spiritual Israelites (the church) continued until the destruction of natural Israel. In the same manner, the old, natural, temporary and merely typifing world was judged in autumn of AD 96 when the new, spiritual and eternal world of Rev. 21 and 22 appeared in the moment of the resurrection of they that were Christ's at his parousia. The old, Christ-rejecting world deserved to be destroyed at that point for rejecting its Savior and King but God granted the world a symbolically described "thousand years" of grace prior to its future destruction, as described in Rev. 20:7-15. During this present period of a "thousand years" Satan still rules over the natural (unsaved) people of the world and their persecution of the people of the spiritual and eternal world will continue until the future destruction of the natural world (not the planet). Preterists (and futurists) just can't see that there were two Israels (one eternal and one doomed) during the 40 years AD 30-70 and two worlds (one eternal and one doomed) during this present "thousand years."


Date:
27 Nov 2003
Time:
20:43:22

Comments

Summarized version of the 19:31:01 post above: The features of the spiritual process by which Christ became the Savior and King of Israel (at his resurrection in the spring of AD 30) paralleled but were separate from the features of the spiritual process by which he became the Savior and King of the world (at his parousia in autumn of AD 96).


Date:
28 Nov 2003
Time:
08:56:48

Comments

Just as the resurrection of Christ resulted in the appearance on the earth of the new and spiritual ISRAEL 40 years BEFORE the destruction of the Christ-rejecting old Israel so also the resurrection of the dead in Christ at his parousia (in AD 96) resulted in the appearance on the earth of the new and spiritual WORLD (Rev. 21 and 22) a symbolically described "thousand years" BEFORE the future destruction of the Christ-rejecting old world. Individual inability to discern that fact is the subject of Mt. 13:11.


Date:
28 Nov 2003
Time:
15:36:39

Comments

Let's think about you're saying, dear preterists. Do you really believe the world in which Christ is enthroned is the old natural world populated by the unregenerate (wicked, violent and corrupt) offspring of the first Adam? What an utterly demeaning thought! That's the equivalent of saying that Christ would dwell in the heart of an unsaved person!


Date:
28 Nov 2003
Time:
15:52:37

Comments

That's not what prets believe at all! The earth is only his footstool. His throne is a heavenly and eternal throne, which the eyes of natural man cannot see; however, those with eyes to see the message of Jesus will look beyond the temporal. Thanks!


Date:
28 Nov 2003
Time:
20:15:45

Comments

"The throne of God and of the Lamb" (Rev. 22:1) is not in heaven "up there" somewhere. It is here, on the earth, the eternal home of the saved remnant of mankind, ever since the prayer of Mt. 6:10 - "thy kingdom come on earth as in heaven" - was answered at Christ's parousia. Mankind's heaven was on earth in the beginning (Gen. 1) and in the day and hour of Christ's parousia the world was re-born and that heaven on earth was spiritually restored - with one matter yet to be attended to. When a person is born again and becomes a new creature in Christ (2 Cor. 5:17) there are, temporarily, two creatures - but time eventually will destroy the old, merely natural creature. Likewise, during this present "thousand years," there are, temporarily, two worlds on the earth but in time, to complete the transition to the situation existing in Gen. 1, that joint occupancy of the planet will end with the destruction of the old, natural world, the Christ-rejecting, natural offspring of Adam and their natural institutions (Rev. 20:7-15).


Date:
17 Dec 2003
Time:
10:21:46

Comments

Good evening, My name is Pierre Boisjoli from Montreal and I developed a mathematical model by tensors between 1982 and 1984 which joins economy, social sciences and politic to explain the destiny of the world. I gave the model to the President of International Conference of Social Action in August 1984. Gorbachev used it to split the USSR and I saved the world. I had a very difficult life because my family stool me the money from the heritage of my parent and I cry against them. They putted Motorcycle gangs against me. I am like a lonely wolf against the beast. Texts are in french; it is my first language. To understand who I am, I invite you to read the Interpretation of King Nabucodonosor dream reported by the prophet Daniel in the Old Testament. The two legs of the statue are the freedom and efficacity for capitalist world and solidarity and social justice for communist world and the pebble droped on the toe of the statue is my mathematical model. I invite you to read my story and to write me at the address boisjoli2004@yahoo.ca . I believe that mass destruction weapons are the sword of Apocalypse. Thank you for your attention and may God bless you Pierre Boisjoli The Divine Counsellor


Date:
25 Feb 2004
Time:
20:14:23

Comments

There is a purple ribbon project that was started in the heavens that is becoming highly commendable. Light poles, trees and churches are being decorated with these purple ribbons. The purple ribbons represent the glorious return of Jesus Christ. The second advent of Christ will be the most wonderful event the world has ever experienced. There is a spiritual wickedness that lies in the spiritual world that must be defeated.  This spiritual wickedness is responsible for much of the evil that abides in our world, such as the destruction of the Twin Towers, resulting in thousands of innocent people being murdered. Be aware that our world will end in nuclear wars if these these demons are not defeated. Below, I have included knowledge of the wicked Pagan Goddesses that must be defeated. Kali Ma is the ever becoming, ever destroying force of Life. She is both unimaginable horror and abundant bliss. She is seen in the deadly dance of antelope and lion. Labyris is a Sacred Goddess Symbol. Labyrs, Sagarus, Halbryce, and Labyris are all names for this symbol of Goddess power and authority. There is a Sacred Crystal dedicated to the Goddess of the Brazilian Sea. The Moon of Yemaya is named "a lua de Ijemanja" in honor the Goddess and the Brazilian land. The Knot of Inanna is sacred to Goddess Artemis. The Semites honored Inanna as Ishtar. Astarte is also known as Astarat and Astoreth. She is an incarnation of Ishtar and Inanna. The Bull and the Dove are especially sacred to Astarte and Astoreth. The Goddess is often pictured wearing horns. The Egg is a sacred symbol of Astarte, representing fecundity, new life and the powers of the Goddess. The Pomegranate, the "fruit bearing eggs" is an important part of Her sacred rites. Pomegranite is also central to the rites of Kore-Persephone, as well as other Goddesses. Brigid's Cross is a woven wheel of the year that marks the cycles of Nature and is sacred to the Goddess. Please note that a similar purple ribbon campaign was started in Desert Storm which regard our American soldiers for their safety and safe return home. Purple ribbons are becoming highly commendable today and it would be great to implement both the Return of Christ and our American soldiers with the purple ribbon campaign!


Date:
19 Sep 2004
Time:
06:22:23

Comments

dear in Christ I am khadim Patras Mal serving for the glory of His name in the out reaches of Pakistan and serving in College as a english Language lecturer Birtish College in Pakistan and serving as an evangelist too in the out reach of Pakistan.We have our own Ministry Word ReliGious Ministry in Pakistan This Ministry has been serving for the glory of His name in out reaches of Pakistan.We are also translating the short messages and books of the servants of the Lord Jesus Christ for the glory of His precious name. We are serving among the gentiles and students and the peoples are still fare away from the Lord Jesus Christ and Even those don't know nothing about His curicification on the cross for our sins reply me @ wordrelegious@yahoo.com postal barkat pura St # 6/-a- black faisalabad pak


Date: 05 May 2005
Time: 10:15:45

Comments:

Dear Friends,
Excuse me please, let me attract your attention my small material “Jesus Christ – King of the Old Testament”.
Excuse me please my mistakes in English, I am sorry, I don't speak English.
Thank you.


God bless you,


Vladimir Rumyantsev
St. Petersburg, Russia,
E-mail: bigroad@olvex.ru

Date: 17 Apr 2006
Time: 22:04:35

Comments:

Prophecy:
Isaiah 714 Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.(with us is God)

Fulfillment:
Matthew 1:23 Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us.

Ok, I too agree that the word "almah" in Is. 7:14 means a real, untouched virgin by our standards today as you obviously do. Now, the problem is that the word "virgin" means "virgin" both during the first fulfillment of Isaiah's prophecy directly to king Ahaz and during Mary's birth of Jesus. You can't have it meaning "young maiden" in Ahaz's day and "virgin" in Mary's day...so...who was the male child that was born in Isaiah's day without a father? See what I'm saying? Since the word is accepted to mean "virgin," then there MUST be TWO virgin births of male children without a father and not just one, Jesus. The other was born 700+ years before him, so who was the first one? If this question doesn't make sense, then email me at: sigthorrson@yahoo.com
Thank you.


Date: 12 Mar 2010
Time: 09:55:15

Your Comments:

I loved every word! It has confirmed everything I have believed and have been teaching since I found Him! Rabbi Quevin

 

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