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"The city of Herod the Great and Herod Agrippa was brutally destroyed and devastated after the capture of Jerusalem by Titus in A.D. 70, and its ruins still further overturned by the Hadrianic building operations of the second century A.D. Our excavations have shown that with the exception of a few of the public buildings, quite literally scarcely one stone stands on another."
Kathleen Kenyon, "Digging Up Jerusalem" (London: Ernest Benn, 1974) pp. 236-37.
"'...when ye shall see Jerusalem compassed with armies...'
"In her was found the blood of prophets and of saints," and of all to doubt that this blood of prophets and saints was shed by the covenant people? Didn't Jesus Himself point out that no prophet dies outside Jerusalem?" (C. Vanderwaal)
Alexander Campbell (1841)
Johann Philip Schabalie
"In order that God might show that he was determined utterly to destroy Jerusalem; and to that end, he gave them several signs, to warn each one in the city of the coming destruction." (p. 411)
Adam Clarke (1837)
Milton Terry (1898)
C. Vanderwaal (1978)
Jesus Christ spoke the same language to the rabbis in Matthew 23:29ff, calling them "sons of those who murdered the prophets" (v. 31). "Fill up, then, the measure of your fathers.. that upon you may come all the righteous blood shed on earth (vs. 32,35). The "earth" referred to can better read as a reference to the land of the covenant people.
"Judah deserves to be called the "faithless one." When we consider the fact that the prophets repeatedly speak of forsaking the covenant as harlotry and adultery (Is. 1:21; Ezek. 16:22; Hos. 1-3), the pattern in Revelation falls into place. Revelation 17 carries on the line of Jeremiah 4:30 by speaking within the framework of the covenant. Thus the subject is not "Rome" but "Judah." (Ibid., p. 134)
Foy Wallace (1966)
"There was no basis for a symbol or an analogy in which Rome could have been depicted as having become a harlot, for Rome never stood in the spiritual relation to God as a faithful city, turned to harlotry. The harlot was a city once faithful to God, and only Jerusalem can fulfill the symbolic descriptions." (ibid., p. 364)
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