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EARLY CHURCH

Ambrose
Ambrose, Pseudo
Andreas
Arethas
Aphrahat
Athanasius
Augustine
Barnabus
BarSerapion
Baruch, Pseudo
Bede
Chrysostom
Chrysostom, Pseudo
Clement, Alexandria
Clement, Rome
Clement, Pseudo
Cyprian
Ephraem
Epiphanes
Eusebius
Gregory
Hegesippus
Hippolytus
Ignatius
Irenaeus
Isidore
James
Jerome
King Jesus
Apostle John
Lactantius
Luke
Mark
Justin Martyr
Mathetes
Matthew
Melito
Oecumenius
Origen
Apostle Paul
Apostle Peter
Maurus Rabanus
Remigius
"Solomon"
Severus
St. Symeon
Tertullian
Theophylact
Victorinus

HISTORICAL PRETERISM
(Minor Fulfillment of Matt. 24/25 or Revelation in Past)

Joseph Addison
Oswald T. Allis
Thomas Aquinas
Karl Auberlen
Augustine
Albert Barnes
Karl Barth
G.K. Beale
Beasley-Murray
John Bengel
Wilhelm Bousset
John A. Broadus

David Brown
"Haddington Brown"
F.F. Bruce

Augustin Calmut
John Calvin
B.H. Carroll
Johannes Cocceius
Vern Crisler
Thomas Dekker
Wilhelm De Wette
Philip Doddridge
Isaak Dorner
Dutch Annotators
Alfred Edersheim
Jonathan Edwards

E.B. Elliott
Heinrich Ewald
Patrick Fairbairn
Js. Farquharson
A.R. Fausset
Robert Fleming
Hermann Gebhardt
Geneva Bible
Charles Homer Giblin
John Gill
William Gilpin
W.B. Godbey
Ezra Gould
Hank Hanegraaff
Hengstenberg
Matthew Henry
G.A. Henty
George Holford
Johann von Hug
William Hurte
J, F, and Brown
B.W. Johnson
John Jortin
Benjamin Keach
K.F. Keil
Henry Kett
Richard Knatchbull
Johann Lange

Cornelius Lapide
Nathaniel Lardner
Jean Le Clerc
Peter Leithart
Jack P. Lewis
Abiel Livermore
John Locke
Martin Luther

James MacDonald
James MacKnight
Dave MacPherson
Keith Mathison
Philip Mauro
Thomas Manton
Heinrich Meyer
J.D. Michaelis
Johann Neander
Sir Isaac Newton
Thomas Newton
Stafford North
Dr. John Owen
 Blaise Pascal
William W. Patton
Arthur Pink

Thomas Pyle
Maurus Rabanus
St. Remigius

Anne Rice
Kim Riddlebarger
J.C. Robertson
Edward Robinson
Andrew Sandlin
Johann Schabalie
Philip Schaff
Thomas Scott
C.J. Seraiah
Daniel Smith
Dr. John Smith
C.H. Spurgeon

Rudolph E. Stier
A.H. Strong
St. Symeon
Theophylact
Friedrich Tholuck
George Townsend
James Ussher
Wm. Warburton
Benjamin Warfield

Noah Webster
John Wesley
B.F. Westcott
William Whiston
Herman Witsius
N.T. Wright

John Wycliffe
Richard Wynne
C.F.J. Zullig

MODERN PRETERISTS
(Major Fulfillment of Matt. 24/25 or Revelation in Past)

Firmin Abauzit
Jay Adams
Luis Alcazar
Greg Bahnsen
Beausobre, L'Enfant
Jacques Bousset
John L. Bray
David Brewster
Dr. John Brown
Thomas Brown
Newcombe Cappe
David Chilton
Adam Clarke

Henry Cowles
Ephraim Currier
R.W. Dale
Gary DeMar
P.S. Desprez
Johann Eichhorn
Heneage Elsley
F.W. Farrar
Samuel Frost
Kenneth Gentry
Steve Gregg
Hugo Grotius
Francis X. Gumerlock
Henry Hammond
Hampden-Cook
Friedrich Hartwig
Adolph Hausrath
Thomas Hayne
J.G. Herder
Timothy Kenrick
J. Marcellus Kik
Samuel Lee
Peter Leithart
John Lightfoot
Benjamin Marshall
F.D. Maurice
Marion Morris
Ovid Need, Jr
Wm. Newcombe
N.A. Nisbett
Gary North
Randall Otto
Zachary Pearce
Andrew Perriman
Beilby Porteus
Ernst Renan
Gregory Sharpe
Fr. Spadafora
R.C. Sproul
Moses Stuart
Milton S. Terry
Herbert Thorndike
C. Vanderwaal
Foy Wallace
Israel P. Warren
Chas Wellbeloved
J.J. Wetstein
Richard Weymouth
Daniel Whitby
George Wilkins
E.P. Woodward
 

FUTURISTS
(Virtually No Fulfillment of Matt. 24/25 & Revelation in 1st C. - Types Only ; Also Included are "Higher Critics" Not Associated With Any Particular Eschatology)

Henry Alford
G.C. Berkower
Alan Patrick Boyd
John Bradford
Wm. Burkitt
George Caird
Conybeare/ Howson
John Crossan
John N. Darby
C.H. Dodd
E.B. Elliott
G.S. Faber
Jerry Falwell
Charles G. Finney
J.P. Green Sr.
Murray Harris
Thomas Ice

Benjamin Jowett
John N.D. Kelly

Hal Lindsey
John MacArthur
William Miller
Robert Mounce

Eduard Reuss

J.A.T. Robinson
George Rosenmuller
D.S. Russell
George Sandison
C.I. Scofield
Dr. John Smith

Norman Snaith
"Televangelists"
Thomas Torrance
Jack/Rex VanImpe
John Walvoord

Quakers : George Fox | Margaret Fell (Fox) | Isaac Penington


PRETERIST UNIVERSALISM | MODERN PRETERISM | PRETERIST IDEALISM

Lloyd Gaston

No stone on another
(Leiden : Brill, 1970)

(On the idea that the disciples expected the world to end)
"an injunction to flight implies a crisis within history and not the end." (p. 28)

 

(On Mark 13:21-23)
"The warning, and to some extent the prediction, go back to words of Jesus, but the actual formulation of the latter has been influenced by scripture and is phrased in the language of the church." (No Stone on Another, p. 30)

WHAT OTHERS HAVE SAID

 
David E. Blair
"
I cannot recommend this book highly enough. For information regarding Jesus and the early Church on the topic of Jerusalem and its Temple, this book is indispensable. That being said, it also presents some major challenges to any potential reader. The author quotes all his secondary German sources in the original language. Therefore, expect frequent paragraph length quotes in German. Also, in shorter snippets, you will find substantial amounts of untranslated Biblical Hebrew and Greek, and occasionally Aramaic equivalents for the Hebrew. These are so quoted because idiomatic translations into English are difficult. Therefore, if you are not literate in these Biblical languages, keep your Hebrew-English and Greek-English dictionaries handy. If one must translate the German, it creates greater problems because of the length of the quotes. And yet, if you have none of the languages but are knowledgeable in New Testament studies, early Church history, and work on the historical Jesus, I urge you to read this book as there is still much to be gained here. And, advanced students of the topics covered in this book will probably find a great deal of interest and value in these pages.

If your are fully literate in all the necessary languages, still expect to spend substantial time with this work. It is an extremely dense monograph filled with challenging exegesis of the appropriate materials from the New and Old Testament along with other contemporary ancient sources including the Dead Sea Scrolls. The text runs to over four hundred eighty pages plus an exhaustive secondary source bibliography of pre-nineteen seventies material. Almost, every scholarly opinion from previous works is engaged and debated. However, there are few points of contact between this book and the works of S. G. F. Brandon and Robert Eisler. If this book is correct, then Brandon and Eisler are wrong along with their later day heir, Robert H. Eiseman. Also, included is an ancient source index and an "index auctorum" both of which along with the bibliography contain a great deal of information worthy of further study.

This book is divided into four "chapters" which are realistically topical section headings as well as an important introduction which clearly defines the problems the book will be concerned with and the questions that need to asked of the materials considered. The first section of the book is a form criticism and functional analysis of Mark chapter thirteen. Gaston opts for a Neronian or post Neronian Roman setting for the Gospel. He finds chapter thirteen to be an exhortation in the form of a farewell speech with apocalyptic elements. These elements are usually subordinated by the word "for" and where they are not Gaston argues that they should be, and therefore, subordinate as well. Gaston finds an eschatological text in this chapter of Mark which is of course a minority position. The second "chapter" deals with Jesus and the Temple. During the ministry of Jesus on Earth, the author finds that Jesus was absolutely indifferent to the Temple by in large and totally disinterested in its cult. The early Church was also not engaged with the Temple or its cult. For example, they may have taught there but nowhere in the N.T. does an apostle, disciple, or Jesus offer sacrifice at the Temple.

Section three deals with "The Fall of Jerusalem as a Political Event in Luke-Acts." Following B. H. Streeter and Vincent Taylor the author opts for Proto-Luke as a distinct, early, and identifiable written document integrated into these N.T. books. Ultimately, the early Jerusalem Church is seen offering redemption to Israel through Jesus Christ while predicting destruction of Israel at some future date in the event of its rejection of salvation through Jesus. The final section deals with the Gospel of Mark as an eschatological interpretation of the coming fall of Jerusalem. Many topics of interest are covered therein, but I found Gaston's work on early Christian prophets compelling. I have truly been unable to scratch but the surface of the contents of this book in this review. Whether you agree or not with the author's conclusions, he argues his points with precision and brilliance. The quality of the exegesis offered is first rate and original in many ways. Unfortunately, this book is unavailable except in the used market and then at about two hundred dollars. However, it can be found in most major seminary library collections. This is a must read for any serious student of the early Church.

 

 

Dr. Lloyd Gaston studied at Dartmouth College and earned his B.A. cum laude with distinction in Philosophy, 1952. He was ordained in the United Presbyterian Church, USA, in 1961, and served as Pastor of First Presbyterian Church, Hamburg, New Jersey, till 1963. From 1963 to 1973 he taught at the Department of Religion, Macalester College. During this time he earned his D. theol. summa cum laude at the University of Basel, Switzerland, in his major field, New Testament. Further studies followed at Ulpan Ezion, Jerusalem, in 1970. In 1973 he was also Visiting Professor of New Testament at United Theological Seminary of the Twin Cities. From 1973 to 1978 Dr. Gaston was Associate Professor of New Testament and from 1978 to his retirement in 1996 Professor of New Testament, Vancouver School of Theology. In his long teaching career Prof. Gaston served in a number of organizations and on many committees, among them Society of Biblical Studies, Societas Novi Testamenti Studiorum, Phi Beta Kappa, Canadian Council of Christians and Jews, Canadian Professors for Peace in the Middle East. He published a number of books, among them No Stone on Another, Studies in the Significance of the Fall of Jerusalem in the Synoptic Gospels and Paul and the Torah, as well as many articles and papers.

 

 

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