The Roman Caesars |
Lives of the Caesars:
Lives of the Caesars: Titus
Statue head of Vespasian
delight and darling of the human race"
Sole Emperor of the Roman Empire 79-81
Lives of the Caesars:
| Father Vespasian | The Arch of Titus
Triumph of Titus and
Tapestries of Titus and Vespasian |
Titus and Bernice
| Jerusalem Besieged By
Titus Vespasian |
1791 La Clemenza di Tito by Mozart |
The Triumph of Titus |
The Fall of Jerusalem and
The Roman Conquest of Judea |
Siege of Jerusalem |
Epigraphical Evidence for the Reigns of Vespasian and Titus (PDF) |
Darkness and dawn,
or, Scenes in the days of Nero : an historic tale of the Days of Nero
(and the youth of Titus) |
The Destruction of Jerusalem by
Seit der Zerstörung des jüdischen Tempels in Jerusalem durch die Römer im
Jahre 70 n. Chr. leben die Juden in der Diaspora, also verteilt in aller
Welt. Die Hoffnung auf einen eigenen Staat geben sie jedoch nie auf.
Comment by Emperor Titus on the Capture of
Emperor Titus Vespasianus
- Flavius Philostratus II (c.170-244/249):
of Apollonius - Chapters 29-34 (Commissioned prior to 217) focus on
Apollonius' contacts with Vespasian's son and crown prince Titus. Apollonius
writes a letter of eulogy of Titus for having refused to be crowned after the
fall of Jerusalem (6.29) : " After Titus had taken Jerusalem, and when the
country all round was filled with corpses, the neighboring races offered him a
crown; but he disclaimed any such honor to himself, saying that it was not
himself that had accomplished this exploit, but that he had merely lent his arms
to God, who had so manifested his wrath; and Apollonius praised his action, for
therein he displayed a great deal of judgment and understanding of things human
and divine, and it showed great moderation on his part that he refused to be
crowned because he had shed blood. Accordingly Apollonius indited to him a
letter which he sent by the hands of Damis and of which the text was as
Apollonius sends greetings to Titus the Roman general.
Now Titus was overjoyed with this epistle, and replied:
Whereas you have refused to be
proclaimed for success in war and for shedding the blood of your
enemies, I myself assign to you the crown of temperance and moderation,
because you thoroughly understand what deeds really merit a crown.
In my own behalf I thank you, no less
then in behalf of my father, and I will not forget your kindness; for
although I have captured Jerusalem, you have captured me.
is no exaggeration to say that the Fall of Jerusalem is the most significant
national event in the history of the world."
Being Presented to Vespasian by
TITUS, of the same surname as his father, was the
delight and darling of the human race; such ability had he, by nature, art,
or good fortune, to win the affections of all men, and that, too, which is
no easy task, while he was emperor; for as a private citizen, and even
during his father's rule, he did not escape hatred, much less public
criticism. He was born on the third day before the Kalends of January [December
30, 41 C.E.], in the year memorable for the death of Gaius, in a mean house near the Septizonium and in a very small dark room besides; for it still
remains and is on exhibition.
"IMP[ERATOR] CAESAR VESPASIANUS AUG[USTUS]..."
This is the
beginning of the Latin inscription on this triumphal column
dedicated to Titus, who led the siege against Jerusalem. The
abbreviation "LEG-X-FRE" appears at the bottom, indicating that
the column was erected by the Tenth Roman Legion. Most likely,
this column stood at on of the entrances to the Roman temple in
Jerusalem. The column was discovered as part of the foundation
to a Moslem palace south of the Temple Mount." (Picture by Zev
||Titus Entering the Holy of Holies in
the Second Temple in Jerusalem (70)
by Wayne Blank
"Jesus left the Temple and was going away, when His disciples came to
point out to Him the buildings of the Temple. But He answered them, "You
see all these, do you not? Truly, I say to you, there will not be left
here one stone upon another, that will not be thrown down." (Matthew
The destruction of the Herodian Temple (see Temples) occurred about 40
years later, in 70 A.D., just as Jesus Christ said that it would. The
commander of the Roman forces that committed the devastation was Titus,
who later became the Roman emperor in 79 A.D. His likeness is shown on
the Roman coin in the photograph.
Humble Beginnings, Rise To Power
Titus was born on December 30, 39 A.D. in Rome, a child of Vespasian,
who was Roman emperor from 69-79 A.D. (see New Testament Roman
Emperors). Although of relatively modest station in Roman society, their
situation steadily advanced during the reign of emperor Claudius.
As a young man Titus served as a military tribune in Upper Germany and
Britain. He returned to Rome in early 64 and married Arrecina Tertulla,
who died within a year. He then married Marcia Furnilla, however that
marriage ended in divorce, for political reasons, after her family
became vigorous opponents of Emperor Nero. Titus did not remarry, and he
had only one known child, a daughter, Julia, who is said to have died in
her early twenties.
In 66 A.D., when Nero appointed Vespasian as commander of seven Roman
legions that were sent to put down the Jewish revolt in Judea, Titus was
given command of the Fifteen Legion under his father. When Vespasian
became emperor on July 1, 69 A.D., Titus replaced his father as
commander of all Roman forces in the Jewish War.
The siege of Jerusalem was perhaps what Titus is best known for. With a
combined force of four legions, Titus began the attack on the city in
early 70. Within a month, his forces had breached the outer walls, and
by August the siege ended when the remainder of the city was taken. The
people were slaughtered, and the Temple was destroyed, exactly as Jesus
Titus succeeded his father as emperor on June 24, 79 A.D. Although many
at first feared that he would turn out to be another Nero, he became
generally regarded as a relatively good man, at least as far as Roman
emperors were concerned.
Titus reigned just a little over two years before dying suddenly on
September 13, 81 A.D at age 42. The cause of death, a fever, was perhaps
caused by malaria. The meaning of his final words, "I have made but one
mistake," is unknown.
Fact Finder: Did Jesus Christ say that Jerusalem would again be
surrounded by armies, just before His return?
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Date: 24 Sep 2010
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