BOOKS: BIBLICAL STUDIES (1500BC-AD70) / EARLY CHRISTIAN PRETERISM (AD50-1000) / FREE ONLINE BOOKS (AD1000-2008)
AD70 Dispensationalism: According to
that view, AD70 was the end of 'this age' and the start of the 'age to come'.
Those who lived before AD70 could only 'see in part' and such, lacking
the resurrection and redemptive blessings which supposedly came only
Herod's Temple in Jerusalem
fell. Accordingly, AD70 was not only the end of Old
Testament Judaism, but it was also the end of the revelation of
Christianity as seen in the New Testament.
AD70 Dispensationalism: According to that view, AD70 was the end of 'this age' and the start of the 'age to come'. Those who lived before AD70 could only 'see in part' and such, lacking the resurrection and redemptive blessings which supposedly came only when Herod's Temple in Jerusalem fell. Accordingly, AD70 was not only the end of Old Testament Judaism, but it was also the end of the revelation of Christianity as seen in the New Testament.
material is being archived for balanced representation of all preterist views,
but is classified under the theological term hyper (as in beyond
the acceptable range of tolerable doctrines) at this website. The
classification of all full preterism as Hyper Preterism (HyP) is built
upon well over a decade of intense research at PreteristArchive.com, and
the convictions of
the website curator (a
former full preterist pastor). The HyP
theology of final resurrection and consummation in the fall of Jerusalem, with its dispensational line in AD70
(end of old age, start of new age), has never been known among authors
through nearly 20 centuries of Christianity leading up
to 1845, when the earliest known full preterist book was written.
Even though there may be many secondary points of agreement between
Historical/Modern Preterism and Hyper Preterism, their premises are undeniably and
THE FOLLOWING MATERIAL HAS BEEN CLASSIFIED AS "HYPER PRETERIST"
"Full preterist" material is being archived for balanced representation of all preterist views, but is classified under the theological term hyper (as in beyond the acceptable range of tolerable doctrines) at this website. The classification of all full preterism as Hyper Preterism (HyP) is built upon well over a decade of intense research at PreteristArchive.com, and the convictions of the website curator (a former full preterist pastor). The HyP theology of final resurrection and consummation in the fall of Jerusalem, with its dispensational line in AD70 (end of old age, start of new age), has never been known among authors through nearly 20 centuries of Christianity leading up to 1845, when the earliest known full preterist book was written. Even though there may be many secondary points of agreement between Historical/Modern Preterism and Hyper Preterism, their premises are undeniably and fundamentally different.
WARNING: THE FOLLOWING MATERIAL HAS BEEN CLASSIFIED AS "HYPER PRETERIST"
SOME DISTINCTIVE DOCTRINES OF SYSTEMATIZED HYPER PRETERISM
It is important to keep in mind that many ideas and doctrines full preterism appeals to - such as the complete end of the Old Covenant world in AD70 - are by no means distinctive to that view. Many non HyPs believe this as well, so one need not embrace the Hyper Preterist system in order to endorse this view. Following are exceptional doctrines which, so far as I've seen, are only taught by adherents of Hyper Preterism.:
DISTINCTIVE DOCTRINES TAUGHT BY STANDARD FULL PRETERISM
DISTINCTIVE DOCTRINES TAUGHT BY VARIOUS FORMS
The Law Fulfilled - When?
By Michael Krall
Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfill. For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled. Matt 5:17-18
In Leviticus 27:34 the last verse in the book says this “These are the commandments, which the LORD commanded Moses for the children of Israel in mount Sinai.”
It is in the book of Leviticus that the ceremonial aspects of the law is clearly laid out. In chapter 23 we read of the 7 feast days which is what we hope to focus on in looking at the fulfilling of the law. The 10 commandments, which was the sum and substance of the Old Covenant, Deut 4:13, was a summary of the whole of the words of the covenant. That is what the last verse in Leviticus, as quoted above, is stating. The feast days are important for they foreshadowed the redemptive work of Christ. The Passover was pointing to redemption from Egyptian bondage and the last feast day is the feast of tabernacles or booths and pointed to their entering into the promised land as stated in Leviticus 23:42-43
“Ye shall dwell in booths seven days; all that are Israelites born shall dwell in booths: That your generations may know that I made the children of Israel to dwell in booths, when I brought them out of the land of Egypt: I am the LORD your God.”
We cannot stress enough that these feast days were part of the law which Jesus said not one jot and tittle would pass from it till all was fulfilled. Let us buttress this argument by looking at chapter 34 of Exodus starting in verse 1.
“And the LORD said unto Moses, Hew thee two tables of stone like unto the first: and I will write upon [these] tables the words that were in the first tables, which thou brakest.”
We do not think any Christian would deny that this is speaking of the 10 commandments as given to Moses on the tables on Mt Sinai that was he smashed in pieces. Notice verses 27 and 28 where God states what Moses is to write down:
27 And the LORD said unto Moses, Write thou these words: for after the tenor of these words I have made a covenant with thee and with Israel. 28. And he was there with the LORD forty days and forty nights; he did neither eat bread, nor drink water. And he wrote upon the tables the words of the covenant, the ten commandments.
So we see here that what Moses was told between verses 1 and 27 were what God wanted him to write down which was encased in the 10 commandments. What were some of the things God told him?
10. And he said, Behold, I make a covenant: before all thy people I will do marvels, such as have not been done in all the earth, nor in any nation: and all the people among which thou [art] shall see the work of the LORD: for it [is] a terrible thing that I will do with thee. 11 Observe thou that which I command thee this day: behold, I drive out before thee the Amorite, and the Canaanite, and the Hittite, and the Perizzite, and the Hivite, and the Jebusite. 12 Take heed to thyself, lest thou make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land whither thou goest, lest it be for a snare in the midst of thee: 13 But ye shall destroy their altars, break their images, and cut down their groves: 14 For thou shalt worship no other god: for the LORD, whose name [is] Jealous, [is] a jealous God:
We see here the first commandment stated in verse 14 in response to their being commanded to break the altars and idols of the heathen. Then He says this:
15 Lest thou make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land, and they go a whoring after their gods, and do sacrifice unto their gods, and [one] call thee, and thou eat of his sacrifice; 16 And thou take of their daughters unto thy sons, and their daughters go a whoring after their gods, and make thy sons go a whoring after their gods. 17 Thou shalt make thee no molten gods.
The second commandment is there stated warning them against following the way of the heathen. But notice the next command that God gives:
18. The feast of unleavened bread shalt thou keep. Seven days thou shalt eat unleavened bread, as I commanded thee, in the time of the month Abib: for in the month Abib thou camest out from Egypt. 19 All that openeth the matrix [is] mine; and every firstling among thy cattle, [whether] ox or sheep, [that is male]. 20 But the firstling of an ass thou shalt redeem with a lamb: and if thou redeem [him] not, then shalt thou break his neck. All the firstborn of thy sons thou shalt redeem. And none shall appear before me empty.
Then we have the fourth commandment but it is coupled with that also which are commonly termed ceremonial laws.
21 Six days thou shalt work, but on the seventh day thou shalt rest: in earing time and in harvest thou shalt rest. 22 And thou shalt observe the feast of weeks, of the firstfruits of wheat harvest, and the feast of ingathering at the year's end. 23 Thrice in the year shall all your men children appear before the Lord GOD, the God of Israel. 24 For I will cast out the nations before thee, and enlarge thy borders: neither shall any man desire thy land, when thou shalt go up to appear before the LORD thy God thrice in the year. 25 Thou shalt not offer the blood of my sacrifice with leaven; neither shall the sacrifice of the feast of the Passover be left unto the morning. 26 The first of the firstfruits of thy land thou shalt bring unto the house of the LORD thy God. Thou shalt not seethe a kid in his mother's milk.
What makes this interesting is what Moses tells the people after he comes down from the mountain:
32 And afterward all the children of Israel came nigh: and he gave them in commandment all that the LORD had spoken with him in mount Sinai. 33 And [till] Moses had done speaking with them, he put a vail on his face. 34 But when Moses went in before the LORD to speak with him, he took the vail off, until he came out. And he came out, and spake unto the children of Israel [that] which he was commanded. 35 And the children of Israel saw the face of Moses, that the skin of Moses' face shone: and Moses put the vail upon his face again, until he went in to speak with him.
Exodus 35:1. And Moses gathered all the congregation of the children of Israel together, and said unto them, These [are] the words which the LORD hath commanded, that [ye] should do them.
We can see from this chapter that the feast days were indeed part of the law that Jesus said would have to be in force till “all is fulfilled”.
Lets look at the 7 feast days and see when they were or will be fulfilled. There were 4 spring feasts and 3 fall feasts. Most commentators agree that the spring feasts point to Christ’s first coming and the fall feasts to his second coming and surrounding events. Lets look at them in Leviticus 23.
5 In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is the LORD’S Passover. And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto the LORD: seven days ye must eat unleavened bread.
Here we have the first 2 feasts Passover and the feast of unleavened bread. The Passover clearly pointed to Christ’s sacrifice on the cross. But that is the only feast day that points to the cross so how can the whole of the law be fulfilled at the cross?
The feast of unleavened bread, leaven typifies corruption, pointed to his burial where his body was prophesied to not see corruption Psalm 16:10. this followed the next day in the Jewish calendar as it followed in the fulfillment seeing Christ was not only our Passover 1Cor 5:7 he not only died on Passover but was buried on the feast of unleavened bread.
Next is the feast of first fruits:
Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye be come into the land which I give unto you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then ye shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest unto the priest:
This feast alone should forever put to rest the notion that the law was fulfilled at the cross since it points to the resurrection of Christ, He being the “first fruits of them that slept 1Cor 15:20.” Christ again followed the type to a tee. He was raised on the feast of first fruits Lev 23:11 And he shall wave the sheaf before the LORD, to be accepted for you: on the morrow after the sabbath the priest shall wave it. Again Christ filled the type to a tee.
Next is the feast of weeks which was 50 days from the first fruits:
15 ¶ And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the sabbath, from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven sabbaths shall be complete: 16 Even unto the morrow after the seventh sabbath shall ye number fifty days; and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the LORD.
This was obviously fulfilled at Pentecost as recorded in Acts 2. But does that time frame fit the rest of the feasts whereby we can say the law was fulfilled at Pentecost? The next 3 feasts are fall feasts and must be future to Pentecost but is it future to us? If it is then we have a dilemma because that would mean that some of the law is yet unfulfilled. What does that mean? From our Lord’s words in Matthew 5:17-18 it means that all “not one jot or tittle” has passed from the law. We must still be under these ceremonial laws if that is the case.
Just as the Spirit was given on Pentecost and the Church was born and 3000 were make spiritually alive in conversion this filled the type to a tee as well. It was on the feast of Pentecost that the nation of Israel was born and 3000 died.
Lets briefly look at the 3 fall feasts.
The feast of trumpets. Trumpets in the New Testament signified both judgment and the resurrection of the dead (not of the body but of “the dead”) Rev. 8:6 and 2cor 15:52.
The day of atonement or Yom Kipper is the nest fall feast. Some have a problem with this since most believe atonement was completed at Christ’s resurrection but that is not the case according to the Old Testament type. In Leviticus 16:16-17 we read:
And he shall make an atonement for the holy place, because of the uncleanness of the children of Israel, and because of their transgressions in all their sins: and so shall he do for the tabernacle of the congregation, that remaineth among them in the midst of their uncleanness. 17 There shall be no man in the tabernacle of the congregation when he goeth in to make an atonement in the holy place, until he come out, and have made an atonement for himself, and for his household, and for all the congregation of Israel.
We see from this text that the high priest returned from the holiest to a waiting congregation. It was then that the atonement was complete. In Hebrews 9:28 where the writer was using temple language all throughout chapter 9 says Christ will appear “and second time without sin unto salvation.” Salvation is complete when the Lord returns. If he has not returned then we are still waiting “the salvation of out soul” 1Peter 1:9. This feast obviously points to the second coming of Christ for its fulfillment.
Next is the feast of tabernacles. This finds its fulfillment in the New Heavens and New Earth where God is said to “dwell (tabernacle) with them” Rev. 21:3.
So we see that the 3 fall feasts find there fulfillment at the second coming and the surrounding events –judgment, the resurrection of the dead and the coming of the New Heavens and New Earth.
Now here is the dilemma. If these fall feasts are still waiting to be fulfilled then according to our Lord’s words in Matt 5 we are still obligated to keep the whole of the law. There is no getting around that. They are either all fulfilled or are all still binding.
So when do we say they were fulfilled? We must keep in mind such passages as Hebrews 8:13 where we read that the Old Covenant was at that time in approximately 65 A.D. “waxing old and ready to vanish.”
We will let Jesus answer that for us. When speaking prophetically of the fall of Jerusalem in A.D.70 Jesus said this in Luke 21:
20 ¶ And when ye shall see Jerusalem compassed with armies, then know that the desolation thereof is nigh. 21 Then let them which are in Judea flee to the mountains; and let them which are in the midst of it depart out; and let not them that are in the countries enter thereinto. 22 For these be the days of vengeance, that all things which are written may be fulfilled.
Need we say more regarding the fulfillment of the law? Just as the period covering Passover to the coming out of Egypt was 40 years is it a mere coincidence that from the cross to the consummation of the Old Covenant in AD 70 and the bringing in of the New Covenant (the New Heavens and New Earth) was also 40 years?
We will let the reader answer in the theater of their own conscience.
What do YOU think ?
23 Aug 2009
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