BOOKS: BIBLICAL STUDIES (1500BC-AD70) / EARLY CHRISTIAN PRETERISM (AD50-1000) / FREE ONLINE BOOKS (AD1000-2008)
AD70 Dispensationalism: According to
that view, AD70 was the end of 'this age' and the start of the 'age to come'.
Those who lived before AD70 could only 'see in part' and such, lacking
the resurrection and redemptive blessings which supposedly came only
Herod's Temple in Jerusalem
fell. Accordingly, AD70 was not only the end of Old
Testament Judaism, but it was also the end of the revelation of
Christianity as seen in the New Testament.
AD70 Dispensationalism: According to that view, AD70 was the end of 'this age' and the start of the 'age to come'. Those who lived before AD70 could only 'see in part' and such, lacking the resurrection and redemptive blessings which supposedly came only when Herod's Temple in Jerusalem fell. Accordingly, AD70 was not only the end of Old Testament Judaism, but it was also the end of the revelation of Christianity as seen in the New Testament.
material is being archived for balanced representation of all preterist views,
but is classified under the theological term hyper (as in beyond
the acceptable range of tolerable doctrines) at this website. The
classification of all full preterism as Hyper Preterism (HyP) is built
upon well over a decade of intense research at PreteristArchive.com, and
the convictions of
the website curator (a
former full preterist pastor). The HyP
theology of final resurrection and consummation in the fall of Jerusalem, with its dispensational line in AD70
(end of old age, start of new age), has never been known among authors
through nearly 20 centuries of Christianity leading up
to 1845, when the earliest known full preterist book was written.
Even though there may be many secondary points of agreement between
Historical/Modern Preterism and Hyper Preterism, their premises are undeniably and
THE FOLLOWING MATERIAL HAS BEEN CLASSIFIED AS "HYPER PRETERIST"
"Full preterist" material is being archived for balanced representation of all preterist views, but is classified under the theological term hyper (as in beyond the acceptable range of tolerable doctrines) at this website. The classification of all full preterism as Hyper Preterism (HyP) is built upon well over a decade of intense research at PreteristArchive.com, and the convictions of the website curator (a former full preterist pastor). The HyP theology of final resurrection and consummation in the fall of Jerusalem, with its dispensational line in AD70 (end of old age, start of new age), has never been known among authors through nearly 20 centuries of Christianity leading up to 1845, when the earliest known full preterist book was written. Even though there may be many secondary points of agreement between Historical/Modern Preterism and Hyper Preterism, their premises are undeniably and fundamentally different.
WARNING: THE FOLLOWING MATERIAL HAS BEEN CLASSIFIED AS "HYPER PRETERIST"
SOME DISTINCTIVE DOCTRINES OF SYSTEMATIZED HYPER PRETERISM
It is important to keep in mind that many ideas and doctrines full preterism appeals to - such as the complete end of the Old Covenant world in AD70 - are by no means distinctive to that view. Many non HyPs believe this as well, so one need not embrace the Hyper Preterist system in order to endorse this view. Following are exceptional doctrines which, so far as I've seen, are only taught by adherents of Hyper Preterism.:
DISTINCTIVE DOCTRINES TAUGHT BY STANDARD FULL PRETERISM
DISTINCTIVE DOCTRINES TAUGHT BY VARIOUS FORMS
Our Presuppositions Are What Makes The Difference
By Walt Hibbard
Traditional eschatological studies invariably begin with the
assumption that the so-called "end time events" are all future
to us today. This includes the Second Advent of Christ, the
Resurrection of the Dead, the Final Judgment and the ushering in
of the New Heavens and New Earth. One prophetic author, writing
from the amillennial viewpoint, began his book, "Is This Really
the End?," with the statement,
"At least there is one thing that
we all agree on and can be certain of: Jesus is coming again."
No attempt was made to establish the validity of his thesis from
the Bible. It was simply something that every Christian
believes, regardless of their millennial viewpoint, because this
is what all of us have been taught. Such an assumption, however,
needs to be examined very carefully to see if it is true.
THE SECOND ADVENT WAS IMMINENT
Matt. 10:23 But when they persecute you in this city, flee to another. For truly I say to you, In no way will you have finished (evangelizing -wh) the cities of Israel until the Son of man comes.
Matt. 16:28 Truly I say to you, There are some standing here who in no way will taste of death until they see the Son of man coming in His Kingdom.
Matt. 24:34 Truly I say to you, In no way will this generation pass away until all of these things have occurred.
Matt. 26:64 Jesus said to him (Caiaphas -wh), You said [it]. I tell you more. From this time you shall see the Son of man sitting off [the] right [hand] of power, and coming on the clouds of the heavens.
Rev. 1:7 Behold, He comes with the clouds, and every eye will see Him, and the ones who pierced Him, and all the tribes of the earth will wail on account of him. Yes, Amen.
Rev. 1:1,3 A Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave to Him to show to His slaves things which must occur quickly....and keeping the things having been written; for the time [is] near.
Rev. 1:19 Write what things you saw, and what things are, and what things are about to (Gk. mello -wh) occur after these things.
Jesus tells his audience that His coming was imminent, within the life span of some, not all, of His listeners. It was to be in that generation of people who were His contemporaries. The commission to evangelize Israel would be cut short by His coming. He assured the high priest and others around him that it would be He Himself who would witness His coming in the clouds. The Revelation speaks in many places about Christ coming quickly, and that the time is near.
Since His Second Advent was clearly imminent to the first century folks, it could not possibly be imminent to people who lived beyond the first century, such as 21st century people. The Second Advent, as promised by Jesus, was a first century event. In light of the Olivet Discourse, it was to be an event associated with the Great Tribulation or judgment of the apostate Jewish leaders who had crucified the Christ, or as it happened, in A.D.70.
THE RESURRECTION OF THE DEAD WAS ALSO IMMINENT
I Cor. 15:23 But each in [his] own order: Christ, the firstfruit, afterward those of Christ at His coming.
Acts 24:15 Having hope toward God, which these themselves also admit, [of] a resurrection being about to be (Gk. mello -wh) of [the] dead, both of just and unjust ones.
The Resurrection of the Dead was spoken of as an event coinciding with the Second Coming. It was also spoken of as an event that was very shortly to happen. The Greek word, mello, will not allow us to ascribe this resurrection event to the 21st century or beyond.
THE JUDGMENT OF THE JUST AND THE UNJUST WAS ALSO IMMINENT
Matt. 16:27 For the Son of man is about to (Gk. mello -wh) come with His angels in the glory of His Father. And then He will give reward to each according to his action.
Rev. 22:12 And, behold, I am coming quickly, and My reward [is] with Me, to give to each as his work is.
Matt. 25:31-32 But when the Son of man comes in His glory, and all the holy angels with Him, then He will sit on the throne of His glory. And before Him shall be gathered all the nations; and He will separate them from one another, as the shepherd separates the sheep from the goats.
Jas. 5:9 Do not murmur against one another, brothers, that you not be condemned. Behold, [the] Judge stands before the door.
THE NEW HEAVEN AND NEW HEARTH WAS ALSO IMMINENT
II Pet. 3:11-12 Then all of these being [about] to be (Gk. mello -wh) dissolved, what sort ought you to be in holy behavior and godliness, looking for and hastening the coming of the Day of God, through which [the] heavens having been set afire will be dissolved, and burning, [the] elements will melt?
Read the Puritan theologian, John Owen's sermon on II Peter 3. It is found in Vol. 9 of his works, pg. 131ff. Owen, on this passage, takes a strong preterist interpretation. He does not believe that Peter is speaking of a destruction of our material planet, but rather is describing in highly symbolic and callapsing universe language, the changing of covenants from the Old Covenant [the Old Heaven and Earth] to the New Covenant [the New Heaven and Earth]. The word translated as "elements," in biblical language, is referring to the elements of the Old Testament Law and ceremonial rituals.
THE 'ONE DAY....IS AS A THOUSAND YEARS' ARGUMENT CAN NOT BE USED TO INVALIDATE THE IMMINENCY TIME STATEMENTS OF THE NEW TESTAMENT
II Pet. 3:8 But let not this one thing be hidden [from] you, beloved, that one day with [the] Lord [is] as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day.
In the context, Peter is assuring his listeners, who were getting impatient because the Lord had not (at that time, the A.D.60's) returned as He had promised to do, would surely come in due time to save His elect as He faithfully said He would. The verse has nothing to do with God reckoning time differently from what we do. This verse is probably the most misinterpreted and abused passage in all of Scripture.
THE SEALING OF DANIEL'S PROPHECIES WERE TO BE SEALED UNTIL THE TIME OF THE END, BUT THE PROPHECIES OF REVELATION WERE NOT TO BE SEALED
Dan. 12:4a But you, O Daniel, shut up the words and seal the book, to the end time.
Dan. 12:9 And He said, Go, Daniel! For the words [are] closed up and sealed until the end time.
Rev. 22:10 And he said to me, Do not seal the words of the prophecy of this Book, because the time is near.
With over 600 years from Daniel's time until his prophecies would be fulfilled (as related in the Olivet Discourse by Jesus), God tells Daniel to seal the book. In marked contrast, John in Revelation is told NOT to seal the words of prophecy because the time of fulfillment is about to take place and is very near. This Scripture comparison will not allow for a postponement of the prophecies of Revelation beyond the first century, certainly not 1900 years hence into our day!
THE MATERIAL WORLD WILL CONTINUE ON FOREVER
Eccl. 1:4 A generation passes away, and [another] generation comes; but the earth stands forever.
Eph. 3:21 to Him [be] the glory in the church in Christ Jesus, to all generations of the age forever. Amen. (The King James Version translates this as "world without end. Amen.")
THE APOSTLE PAUL TELLS US THAT OUR BODIES WHEN WE DIE RETURN TO THE DUST AND BELIEVERS ARE GIVEN NEW RESURRECTION BODIES, LIKE UNTO CHRIST'S GLORIOUS, INCORRUPTIBLE, IMMORTAL, SPIRITUAL BODY
I Cor. 15:37-38 And what you sow, you do not sow the body that [is] going to be....and God gives it a body according as He willed, and to each of the seeds its own body.
God does not need the bones, flesh, skin and corruption of our dead physical bodies from which to give us a new body like unto Christ's glorious body. The "germ" or our personalities (spirit) are taken by God and united with the immortal spiritual bodies which are suitable for a heavenly existence, just as our earthly bodies were suitable for living on the earth during our lives.
Only Jesus Christ was resurrected in His sinless earthly body. Only to Jesus was it promised that His body would not suffer decay (Acts 2:31; 13:37). He was sinless and born of the Virgin Mary. He did not inherit Adam's sin unto Himself, but was sinless and undefiled.
So there is both continuity and discontinuity of the resurrection of the believer as compared to that of Christ. Be we receive a heavenly, glorified spirit body like Christ's when we die. This is immediate. There is no waiting in Sheol/Hades until a yet future physical resurrection of our decayed bodies in the ground where our spirits would be reunited with our reconstituted physical bodies. In other words, the Bible does not teach the doctrine of "disembodied spirits" from the time we die physically until the supposedly future resurrection day. The "seed analogy" of I Cor. 15:37-38 quoted above refutes this weird teaching.
AND FINALLY, SOME BRIEF THOUGHTS ON THE SUBJECT
1) The time statements of Scripture teach us the "time" when certain end of the age prophecies would be fulfilled. Believing the promises of Jesus and the inspired writings of the New Testament, we are forced to conclude that "something" happened within that first century, within the time frame of some of those still living, during that generation.
2) Rather than attempting to twist the Scripture so as to make it say something that it doesn't, how much more profitable it is to examine the "nature of fulfillment."
3) We are told that the "Kingdom of God does not come with observation" (Lk. 17:20) and "we are not considering the things seen, but the things not being seen; for the things being seen [are] not lasting, but the things not being seen [are] everlasting" (I Cor. 4:18). Also I Cor. 15:46 "But not the spiritual first, but the natural; afterward the spiritual." We should then expect that the "end time fulfillment events" would be of a spiritual nature rather than a material nature.
4) The term "last days" are the last days of the Old Covenant age which finally ended in judgment at A.D.70. We have been in the New Covenant age since A.D.70. The Jews in Old Covenant days spoke of two ages: this present age (meaning the Old Covenant age that they were living in), and the age to come (the age after the Messiah comes, namely the New Covenant age).
5) The writer to the Hebrews tells us that the last vestiges of the Old Covenant age did not come to a final completion until past the time of the writing of his Epistle. Heb. 8:13 reads: "In the saying, "New," He has made the first old. And the thing having been made old and growing aged [is] near disappearing." Notice that the Old Covenant did not finally end at the Cross, but rather at the consummation of A.D.70. Heb. 8:13 makes that very clear.
6) The skeptics teach that Jesus promised to return the second time during the first century, but that He did not really do so. Thus they discredit Christianity and Christ! Evangelicals have not been able to silence the skeptics since any form of "futurism" does not meet the requirements that Jesus and His inspired followers specified in setting forth the promises. Only Preterism is consistent with all the teachings of the Bible.
7) The Preterist view on the fulfillment of Bible prophecy does not relate to whether we are saved or not. Scripture plainly tells us that we are saved by grace alone, through faith alone, and in Jesus alone. No other Scripture even hints otherwise. But for the sake of TRUTH, it is important that God's people come to understand that Jesus did indeed keep His promise to come again WHEN He said that He would do it. The credibility of the Gospel message that Jesus preached is dependent on His reliability as a Prophet. By faith, therefore, Preterists believe that Jesus fulfilled every promise that He made to the exact same people that He announced the promises to originally.
8) The Jews missed the First Advent of their Messiah because they were looking for a carnal and materialistic Kingdom that would subdue Rome and establish themselves in a position of supremacy. Most of the Church has missed the Second Advent for much the same reason. They have been looking for a visible, outward and materially glorious Second Advent, not the predominantly spiritual fulfillment that the New Testament gives us encouragement to seek after.
9) A first century fulfillment of all that Moses and the prophets foretold was clung to by the first century Christians, as Jesus said in Lk. 21:22 "For these are the days of vengeance [when] all things that have been written are to be fulfilled." It was not until the middle of the second century that the imminency idea began to be lost and postponement ideas began to replace them.
10) Could it be that the Second Coming event at A.D.70 "caught up" (I Thess. 4:17) all the true believers to Heaven with Christ, leaving unregenerate people to pass on the message that there had been no real Second Coming at all? With the absence of true believers, especially Christian leaders, would it not be quite natural to see an apostasizing from the imminency idea as taught by Jesus and His apostles? Yet the Scriptures remained and after A.D.70 many people became Christians and propagated the Gospel message to the lost around them. But the imminency hope of that first generation was largely replaced with a misguided "ongoing-imminency hope," an impossible concept that was to plague the Church for nearly 2000 years! Perhaps we need to consider this.
What do YOU think ?
Date: 24 Sep 2006
Date: 28 Sep 2006
Email PreteristArchive.com's Sole Developer and Curator, Todd Dennis
(todd @ preteristarchive.com)
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