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Introduction and Key


Church-State Relations and the Book of Revelation
An Introduction to The Parousia: A Careful Look at the New Testament Doctrine of the Lord's Second Coming
by James Stuart Russell (1878) // Written by
Todd Dennis, Curator




"If it could only be understood that the heaven and earth that were destined to pass away and be superseded by a  new heaven and a new earth wherein dwelleth righteousness, was the old imperfect and temporary covenant, with its sacrifices that could not take away sins, and the unbelievers of a crooked and perverse nation who not only rejected the words of Jesus and His apostles, but persecuted those who believed on Him ; and that these were destined to give place to the new, perfect and eternal covenant with a sacrifice that puts away sin, and a personal and witnessing spirit ; and that there would be "an elect race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for God's own possession," then the harmony and beauty of the Scriptures concerning these things will begin to appear, and the new heaven and the new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness, will not seem so vague and far away." (p. 56) - Have you ever seen a longer sentence!?

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070: Clement: First Epistle of Clement

075: Baruch: Apocalypse Of Baruch

075: Barnabus: Epistle of Barnabus

090: Esdras 2 / 4 Ezra

100: Odes of Solomon

150: Justin: Dialogue with Trypho

150: Melito: Homily of the Pascha

175: Irenaeus: Against Heresies

175: Clement of Alexandria: Stromata

198: Tertullian: Answer to the Jews

230: Origen: The Principles | Commentary on Matthew | Commentary on John | Against Celsus

248: Cyprian: Against the Jews

260: Victorinus: Commentary on the Apocalypse "Alcasar, a Spanish Jesuit, taking a hint from Victorinus, seems to have been the first (AD 1614) to have suggested that the Apocalyptic prophecies did not extend further than to the overthrow of Paganism by Constantine."

310: Peter of Alexandria

310: Eusebius: Divine Manifestation of our Lord

312: Eusebius: Proof of the Gospel

319: Athanasius: On the Incarnation

320: Eusebius: History of the Martyrs

325: Eusebius: Ecclesiastical History

345: Aphrahat: Demonstrations

367: Athanasius: The Festal Letters

370: Hegesippus: The Ruin of Jerusalem

386: Chrysostom: Matthew and Mark

387: Chrysostom: Against the Jews

408: Jerome: Commentary on Daniel

417: Augustine: On Pelagius

426: Augustine: The City of God

428: Augustine: Harmony

420: Cassian: Conferences

600: Veronica Legend

800: Aquinas: Eternity of the World




1265: Aquinas: Catena Aurea

1543: Luther: On the Jews

1555: Calvin: Harmony on Evangelists

1556: Jewel: Scripture

1586: Douay-Rheims Bible

1598: Jerusalem's Misery ; The dolefull destruction of faire Ierusalem by Tytus, the Sonne of Vaspasian

1603: Nero : A New Tragedy

1613: Carey: The Fair Queen of Jewry

1614: Alcasar: Vestigatio arcani sensus in Apocalypsi

1654: Ussher: The Annals of the World

1658: Lightfoot: Commentary from Hebraica

1677: Crowne - The Destruction of Jerusalem

1764: Lardner: Fulfilment of our Saviour's Predictions

1776: Edwards: History of Redemption

1785: Churton: Prophecies Respecting the Destruction of Jerusalem

1801: Porteus: Our Lord's Prophecies

1802: Nisbett: The Coming of the Messiah

1805: Jortin: Remarks on Ecclesiastical History

1810: Clarke: Commentary On the Whole Bible

1816: Wilkins: Destruction of Jerusalem Related to Prophecies

1824: Galt: The Bachelor's Wife

1840: Smith: The Destruction of Jerusalem

1841: Currier: The Second Coming of Christ

1842: Bastow : A (Preterist) Bible Dictionary

1842: Stuart: Interpretation of Prophecy

1843: Lee: Dissertations on Eusebius

1845: Stuart: Commentary on Apocalypse

1849: Lee: Inquiry into Prophecy

1851: Lee: Visions of Daniel and St. John

1853: Newcombe: Observations on our Lord's Conduct as Divine Instructor

1854: Chamberlain: Restoration of Israel

1854: Fairbairn: The Typology of Scripture

1859: "Lee of Boston": Eschatology

1861: Maurice: Lectures on the Apocalypse

1863: Thomas Lewin : The Siege of Jerusalem

1865: Desprez: Daniel (Renounced Full Preterism)

1870: Fall of Jerusalem and the Roman Conquest

1871: Dale: Jewish Temple and Christian Church (PDF)

1879: Warren: The Parousia

1882: Farrar: The Early Days of Christianity

1883: Milton S. Terry: Biblical Hermeneutics

1888: Henty: For The Temple

1891: Farrar: Scenes in the days of Nero

1896: Lee : A Scholar of a Past Generation

1902: Church: Story of the Last Days of Jerusalem

1917: Morris: Christ's Second Coming Fulfilled

1985: Lee: Jerusalem; Rome; Revelation (PDF)

1987: Chilton: The Days of Vengeance

2001: Fowler: Jesus - The Better Everything

2006: M. Gwyn Morgan - AD69 - The Year of Four Emperors

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"And in the same generation in which "He had offered one sacrifice for sins forever," He came the second time and fulfilled the words of the One Hundred and Tenth Psalm and made His enemies His footstool"


"Not many years intervened between the great outpouring of the spirit and the great declension that followed.  Finally "the last days" with the spiritual night came to an end, and we are now living in God's eternal day.  "The night is far spent," said Paul, "and the day is at hand." (p. 48)

"When divested of literalism, the resurrection of the dead is most beautiful, even more beautiful than the lilly of the valley or the rose of Sharon, for in the fulness of time the resurrected one is transformed into the likeness of the "King in his beauty," "transformed into the same image from glory to glory." (p.95)

AD70 was "the early dawn of the millennium"


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"It is a good book: Well written and well-presented. It is sort of a summary of Russell's work from the 1800's. He has definitely secured the timing of the coming. And has some great spiritual insights. However, it is probably a stretch to call him the father of modern preterism if in fact we believe Russell was not partial. But Russell was partial in that he affirmed that we are in the millennium. I could not find where Morris spoke about his view of the millennium. There were several contradictory statements:

 “This simple resurrection, if accompanied by self-denial and by growth in he grace and knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ.” Will, in the fullness of time, raise us up “unto the measure of the stature of the fullness of Christ.” Morris fails to see that this was fulfilled once for all time in the first century just as much as Christ death was once for all in the first century. To try to make a pre-time or post-time accomplishment of these critical aspects of redemptive history is to reduce the necessity of these very redemptive events *in* history! These type of theology is popular but does not have exegetical support and in fact, again, acts as a reducer of sort of not only redemptive history but even soteriology itself. Morris seems to be saying that there will eventually come a fullness of time. Morris’s chief problem is that he individualizes texts that must not be individualized. He (hopefully unwittingly so) de-covenantalizes texts and individualizes them. This is the common problem with a neo-Hellenistic interpretation of Scripture. 

Further, to show his obsession with the common futurist plight of individualism, Morris writes:

 “We are satisfied here with our house from earth, and we believe that we will be abundantly satisfied there “with our house which is from heaven.” He obviously, again, has somewhat destroyed the covenantal context of 2 Corinthians 5 (see chapters 3-5). It appears that he believe the “house from heaven” comes upon physical death, rather than the clear presentation of that house in the book of Hebrews as the eternal house of God comprised of all believers.

 Morris believes that the fullness of time is future (see above). Therefore this statements shows his unawareness of the real covenantal context of 2 Corinthians 3:

 “The resurrection of the dead is most beautiful, even more beautiful than the lily of the valley or the rose of Sharon, for in the ‘fullness of time’ (which he believes is future) the resurrected one is transformed into the likeness of the ‘King in His beauty,’ ‘transformed into the same image from glory to glory.’”

 The passage in 2 Corinthians 3 is clearly and specifically and restrictively referring to the transformation from Old Covenant glory to New Covenant glory that was taking place during the first century. Attempts to de-contextualize verse 18 have been utterly refuted time and again by many believers in fulfilled eschatology.

 Finally, with no covenantal support (the very hermeneutic that must be employed while interpreting New Testament scripture), Morris states with assurance:

 “Physical death is the Christian’s passport to ‘an eternal weight of glory.’”

 Unfortunately Morris’s assurance leads one to believe that the eternal weight of glory is not something to be had while living in this physical life as well. He treats that passage as if it could never be applied here and now, that is, experience of heavenly and eternal glories both now and beyond the grave.

 Again, Morris’s book is good. But there are definitely futuristic aspects to the book which makes his perspective virtually indistinguishable from James Stuart Russell. Therefore, I could not properly identify him as the Father of modern preterism. Then again, the phrase “modern preterism” has not been defined by Rev. Dennis. However, if modern preterism refers to a millennium that was fulfilled by AD 70, then Morris’ book is conspicuously silent. Max King and even Ben Olsen seem to still be the “fathers” of modern preterism. If, however, by “modern preterism this phrase refers to a view that simply holds to a first century second coming, then we still have to give the crown to J.S. Russell. But I will gladly identify Morris as another great preterist writer with some wonderful spiritual insights. I recommend the book, and recommend it to be accompanied with my comments.


 Ward Fenley

Date: 12 Oct 2006
Time: 17:44:15


This was so refreshing to know that at the turn of the century that great men of God were revealing the truth of the Word of God. This would be a great book for all christians to read and examine it's truth against what we now have in the average church preached today! May Jesus Christ bless all who reads this book and may they desire to get to know him better. Your brother in Christ. Gene Wagers

Date: 17 Oct 2006
Time: 00:51:16


I'm speaking in tongues over the whole thing. Great find Dennis!! I think I will track down a hard copy for myself.

In Jesus Name

Evangelist D. Benincasa

Date: 27 Nov 2006
Time: 23:40:34


Here is my comment a lyric from a Rock Star. You can beleive what you want to believe but you don't have to live like a refugee, Tom Petty. So then why are the majority of so called christians living like refugees in free well maybe not so free america? Pardon my french, their thinking is ((*)&* Backwards and the cause of the majority of the evil that permeates this country presently. Not some fictional Character known as the devil. Even if such a fictious character existed according to your own bible Jesus conquered the last enemy, Death. So if Death was conquered and it was the last enemy according to the bible then why do foolish christians still beleive in the fictional character the devil which by the way if spelled backwards equals Lived. Utter Nonsense and and an excuse not to take full responsibilty for ones own destiny.




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