Online Bible and Study Tools
Translate || Vine / Schaff || Alts/Vars/Criticism/Aramaic

 
 


End Times Chart


Introduction and Key

BOOKS:  BIBLICAL STUDIES (1500BC-AD70) / EARLY CHRISTIAN PRETERISM (AD50-1000) / FREE ONLINE BOOKS (AD1000-2008)


Josephus: Henry Leeming: Josephus' Jewish War and Its Slavonic Version: A Synoptic Comparison (2003) "This volume presents in English translation the Slavonic version of Josephus Flavius' "Jewish War, long inaccessible to Anglophone readers, according to N.A. Materskej's scholarly edition, together with his erudite and wide-ranging study of literary, historical and philological aspects of the work, a textological apparatus and commentary. The synoptic layout of the Slavonic and Greek versions in parallel columns enables the reader to compare their content in detail. It will be seen that the divergences are far more extensive than those indicated hitherto."


Josephus Pleads Still

Dead Sea Scrolls
Study Archive

Kittim as Rome | Pella Flight | 40 Years of Messiah

Click For Site Updates Page

Free Online Books Page

Historical Preterism Main

Modern Preterism Main

Hyper Preterism Main

Preterist Idealism Main

Critical Article Archive Main

Church History's Preteristic Presupposition

Study Archive Main

Dispensationalist dEmEnTiA  Main

Josephus' Wars of the Jews Main

Online Study Bible Main


Jewish Apocalyptic Writings:
The "Dead Sea Scrolls"
OF THE JERUSALEM TEMPLE, ZEALOTS & PELLA-BOUND CHRISTIANS

War Scroll
Dead Sea Scroll 1QM, 4Q491-496

"And the dominion of the Kittim shall come to an end, so that wickedness shall be laid low without any remnant; and there shall be no survivor of the sons of darkness.”

"On the day of clamity...the Sons of Light shall battle with the company of darkness amid the clamor of Gods and men. And it shall be a time of great tribulation from its sudden beginning to its end in eternal redemption."  (1.10)

WHAT OTHERS HAVE SAID

Norman Golb
"
The War Scroll, like the Manual, is not consistent in perspective: It appears to be made up of two or three sections containing more than one author's vision of the apocalyptic battle ceremonies. It is suggested in the main section of the text that warfare will take place over forty years, and encompass battles with most of the countries of the known world. Yet the battle formations seem always to stream out from the gates of Jerusalem, to where the warriors return after their forays."   (Who Wrote the Dead Sea Scrolls?, (1995) p. 80)

Howard C. Kee
"In preparation for the new age, the community is instructed in detail about the war that will take place between the force of evil and the people of God (lQM [War Scroll]). Angels will battle the heavenly hosts of evil, as the priests and the community's soldiers fight the earthly foes. Indeed, the war of the faithful remnant of Israel is to be fought against all nations: 'There shall be eternal deliverance for the company of God, but destruction for all the nations of wickedness' (lQM 15). The priests, and especially the high priest, will strengthen the troops for the final battle against the nations of the world. Rome - referred to regularly as 'the Kittim' - will fall, while the chief priest, the priests, and the Levites will sound the trumpets to aid the troops. In preparation for this final war details are given even to the sizes of the standards, shields, spears, and swords of the army. These divinely endowed forces are identified as 'the divisions of God for the vengeance of his wrath on the sons of darkness'." ("Membership in the Covenant People at Qumran and in the Teaching of Jesus" in Jesus and the Dead Sea Scrolls (James H. Charlesworth, Ed. - 1992), p. 116)

Chris King
"In keeping with the rules of Roman warfare, it [the war] will be fought with the use of phalanxes. It will go on for forty years. In the first twenty years, all the foreign nations will be conquered; in the following twenty, all other Jews. This was conceived as a sequence of successful military campaigns against the great powers. The identity of the children of darkness changed with history from the Jerusalem priesthood to the Romans, who finally destroyed Qumran for its intransigence in 68 AD." ("The Apocalyptic Tradition")

What do YOU think ?

Submit Your Comments For Posting Here
Comment Box Disabled For Security


Date: 18 Jun 2011
Time: 16:37:10

Your Comments:

Interesting bit of history and information. It is rather isolated, however, from the rest of the text. Perhaps you could include more?


Date: 01 Sep 2011
Time: 15:26:18

Your Comments:

The more and more I see events unfolding that coincide with Revelations I am certain the Apocalypse may be just around the corner. I believe in the existence of the sons of light and darkness and demonic influences now present in our volatile world. Sooner or later these forces of good and evil are destined to clash. None of us is privy to the time. But for now faith is what will sustain us and the grace of God.


Date: 05 Sep 2011
Time: 01:43:52

Your Comments:

I have to be entirely honest here and say that Mr Wyatt's reputation as a Biblical archaeologist and historian was dubious and controversial.But despite that I believe his intentions were always honest.
What truly amazes me is that a submarine bridge exists at all! The Gulf of Arabia is in fact a huge deep fissure cut deep into the bedrock starting in the north-east and opening into the Red sea in the south-west. It's depth is more or less even for it's entire length.The position of the bridge is what one might call a geological anomaly. What concerns me most is that the Saudi authorities regularly refuse access to historical monuments and sites if one is not of Mohammedan culture. The removal of the pillar
on the Saudi side of the gulf concerns me greatly. I can understand removing it for its preservation and protection. But I don't understand their refusal to put it on display in a museum or to let non Muslim scholars have access to it! As for the flag marker could they not have erected a replica of the original in it's place?


Date: 01 Sep 2011
Time: 15:26:18

Your Comments:

The more and more I see events unfolding that coincide with Revelations I am certain the Apocalypse may be just around the corner. I believe in the existence of the sons of light and darkness and demonic influences now present in our volatile world. Sooner or later these forces of good and evil are destined to clash. None of us is privy to the time. But for now faith is what will sustain us and the grace of God.


Date: 20 Aug 2011
Time: 15:54:02

Your Comments:

I believe that this is a prophetic description of the final battle between Good and Evil towards the end of the Messiah's thousand year reign when Satan must be released "for a little while (Rev 20:3). According to this scroll, the time looks like a conflict fought over a period of 40 years fought in segments of time. If you will look at Rev 20:2, it appears as if there is a final battle conducted by the antiChrist and the False Prophet at Armageddon who are thrown into the lake of fire following their defeat and in Rev 20:10, the devil will join them after he is defeated at the end of a thousand years so it looks like there are two appocalyptic battles - Armageddon by which all the armies of the earth descend upon Jerusalem and Israel's enemies destroyed - and this battle, fought near Jerusalem to end all evil. Kittim and their allies are possibly a metaphor for all forces of darkness that are enemies of the righteous on earth at that time. Whoever the writer was, I would say he recorded this from a vision because the Messiah is definately referred to as the leader of the holy camp and the armies He leads are like nothing Israel ever had - neither weapons, horses, armaments, battle organization and banners and the ages of the men - these men are all older, seasoned soldiers over the age of 40. Young men are not even allowed to fight. Could this be that people will live longer by then. Our 20's and 30's are their 40's and 50's? Also there are angels listed as being in the camp of the Lord and practical advice as how not to offend them by keeping latrines 1000 yds away. All extremley interesting.
 


 

Click For Index Page

Free Online Books Historical Preterism Modern Preterism Study Archive Critical Articles Dispensationalist dEmEnTiA  Main Josephus Church History Hyper Preterism Main

Email PreteristArchive.com's Sole Developer and Curator, Todd Dennis  (todd @ preteristarchive.com) Opened in 1996
http://www.preteristarchive.com