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Authorship: Apostle John
F.W. Farrar "It has been usual to say that the Spanish Jesuit Alcasar.. was the founder of the Pręterist School.. But to me it seems that the founder of the Pręterist School is none other than St. John himself."
INTRODUCTION TO THE APOCALYPSE
On the question of authorship, critics differ, as follows :
Gospel, Epistles, and Apocalypse,
all by John : EICHHORN, HENGSTENBERG, EBRARD,
LUTHARDT, GODET, ALFORD, ELLICOTT, SALMON, F. W. FARRAR, MEYER,
Neither by John : KEIM, VOLKMAR, SCHOLTEN, HOLTZMANN, PFLEIDERER, HARNACK, WEIZSACKER.
The authorship of the Apocalypse is assigned to JOHN MARK : So HITZIG, WEISSE.
To John the Presbyter : so CREDNER, DEWETTE, BLEEK, EWALD, MANGOLD, DUSTERDIECK.
Anonymous : RENAN, HARNACK, PFLEIDERER.
A small school of critics, headed by EBERHARD VISCHER, 1885, endorsed by HARNACK, has assailed the integrity of the Apocalypse, maintaining that it was written at different dates and shaped by a redactor. Thus VISCHER holds that it was originally Jewish, and that its Christian form is due to a redactor.
WEIZSACKER, 1890, that it was composed partly in the reign of Galba and Vespasian, and partly in that of Hadrian, and that the different parts were combined by a redactor. VOLTER, 1885, that the original Apocalypse by John underwent three revisions, and received three series of interpolations, which he ascribes to the times of Trajan, Hadrian, and Antoninus Pius.
Similarly, PFLEIDERER, 1887. SPITTA, that it was composed of three or four documents : an original Apocalypse, by John Mark, A.D. 60; a Jewish Apocalypse, in the time of Caligula ; and a second Jewish Apocalypse, when Pompey conquered Judaea. Additions of a redactor in the time of Trajan.
For replies to
VOLTER and VISCHER, see REUSS : Geschichte der heiligen Schriften des N.
T., 6th Edn., 1887. HILGENFELD: Zeitschrift fur wissenschaftliche
The early and commonly accepted tradition that Asia Minor, and particularly Ephesus, was the scene of John's later labors, was challenged in connection with the attacks on the fourth Gospel. So KEIM, HOLTZMANN, SCHOLTEN, SCHENKEL.
The tradition is maintained by HILGENFELD, RENAN,
WEIZSACKER, MANGOLD, VOLTER, LUTHARDT, WEISS, GODET, ALFORD, MEYER,
LIGHTFOOT, WATKINS, WESTCOTT, and others.
What do YOU think ?
What do YOU think ?
DOES ANYONE KNOW WHAT ST.JOHN DID AFTER HE WROTE THE BOOK OF REVELATIONS
Is John tarrying the earth in a physical body that has died and sent again, or as spirit only? John 21:22-23
I believe the Word of God was given to John by God.
Why is John refered to as the one Christ loved most? What qulatities did he posses to earn him this classification?
What age did he live to be? What were his most important accomplishments? What books of the Bible did he write? What was his personality like? What is any unusual info about him?
Who was the historical John? What are the historical dates, locations etc.? I am speciafically looking for sources not in the Bible. I am also focusing on him more in the area of him as the writer of the gospel of John and not as the author of Revelation.
Does being dead wrong have any bearing on being "inspired". 2000 years have past and...um...well, we're all still here. What is really going to hurt Christianity is if the world is still hustling and bustling around, say the year 2050. With all the blockbuster movies out now, and all the "Left Behind" books, and all the internet sites that detail the exact way the end will happen in our age, the next generation will be obliged to do alot of explaining if it don't happen; Christianity will then be placed on the shelf along side the other world mythologies. Sure every age has interpreted the symbolic content of Revelation and Daniel to fit their current world events, but no other age has ever crystalized, and immortalized their interpretation in the form of movies, novels, web-sites, etc. Revelation has been interpreted and re-interpreted many times in the digestive tract of history, and if it gets re-interpreted again, I forsee a major religious bowel movement in the near future. Even today, one can read the exegesis of revelation and daniel from 20 different authors and get 20 different views. That is just the nature of abstract symbolism. I'm sure if the world survives till about, say the year 3000, there will be some crackpot sect super-imposing the symbols in revelation to various planets and galaxies.
Why is John referred to as the apostle Jesus loved?
Where and when was John born? How, where and when did eh die? How did jesus recruit him? What was his job after Jesus was cruxified? Where did he spread Jesus's word after Jesus died? What is he the patron saint of? Where can I find imformation about his life?
Most of the Biblical scholars I have researched attribute the writing of the Revelation to St. John the Apostle. I have always believed this as well. Recently I read that the more liberal faction of Christian scholars say that the Revelation was written in a more "barbaric" Greek than the refined style of the Gospel and epistles of John. Is there any shred of evidence for this?
wow i think this is fun!
in response to the comment on march 19, 2004 Revelation was indeed written by the same John but he didn't have any scribes to help him write the book. John had scribes helping him when he wrote his other books. John wasn't educated that well, so Revelation was written in more "barbaric" language. western washington
I think that a diligent study of the scriptures indicate that the Apostle John is the only apostle that heard the Law of Love that Jesus gave. In 1Jn 2 he directly refers to the commandment that Jesus gave. Also in 1Jn 3:23. No other scriptural references by other writers about showing love directly refer to the command that Jesus gave. This is critically important in our day, as we transistion from the Gospel to the Gentiles (foundation--Apostle Paul's teachings) to the Gospel to the Jews (foundation--Apostle John's teachings directly referring to the commandment that Jesus gave). The scriptures also leave open the possibility that the Apostle John has never died, having inherited (literal) eternal life like Jesus has promised. Compare John 6:50-58 to 1Jn 1:1-2. Jesus left open this possibility in John 21:22-23. The Apostle John is called the beloved Apostle who Jesus loved because of John 14:21-23, in my opinion because of obedience to those scriptures. Regards.
Date: 01 Dec 2005
Date: 13 Dec 2005
Date: 15 Nov 2006
Date: 16 Nov 2007
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