Ancient Revelations: Papyrology
P. Oxy. 1224
Papyrus Oxyrhnchus 1224
Dating of (AD)"50 is possible, though a date of around
is more widely accepted by scholars"
an independent Gospel"
RECONSTRUCTED TEXT IN MODERN STYLE
"The following translation is based solely on the
Greek text printed in The
Oxyrhynchus Papyri, Vol. 10. POxy 1224 comes from a papyrus
book which probably had pages that were probably about 20 lines long.
The top portions of six pages (139, [138 or 140], 173, 174, 175, and
176) have been preserved in two fragments. The fragments which are
separated by a substantial amount of material: fragment 1 is numbered as
page 139, while the earliest visible page number on fragment 2 is 174.
It is therefore not certain that the two fragments belong to the same
text, although the possibility cannot be ruled out." (The Lost Gospels)
"It weighed me down. Then Jesus approached
in a vision and said, 'Why are you discouraged? For not . . . you, but the"
"you said, although you are not
answering. What then did you renounce? What is the new doctrine that they say
you teach, or what is the new baptism that you proclaim? Answer and"
"When the scribes and Pharisees and
priests saw him, they were angry that he was reclining in the midst of sinners.
But when Jesus heard, he said, "Those who are healthy have no need of a
"and pray for your enemies. For the one who is not against you is for
you. The one who is far away today, tomorrow will be near you and in . . . the
EXACT RECORD (WITH LACUNAE)
Fragment 1: recto
01 [ . . . ] in everything
02 [ . . . ]. Truly,
03 [I say to you . . . ]
Fragment 1: verso
01 he will [ . . . ]. You [ . . . ]
02 [ . . . ]
03 [ . . . ]
Fragment 2: recto, col. ii
01 It weighed me down. And [approach-]
02 ing [i]n a vis[ion], Jesus [said,]
03 "Why are you dis[cour]aged? For not [ . . . ]
04 [y]ou, but the [ . . . ]
05 [ . . . ]
Fragment 2: verso, col. i
01 [ . . . ] "you [sai]d, although you are not answer-
02 [ing. What then did] you [re]nounce? W[h]at
03 [is] the ne[w] doct[rine] [that they say]
04 [you] te[ach, or what is the] new [b]a[ptism]
05 [that you proclaim? Ans]wer and . . .
Fragment 2: verso, col. ii
01 When the scribes an[d Pharisees]
02 and priests sa[w hi]m,
03 they were angry [that with sin]ners
04 (right in the middle of them) [he was reclining.]
05 But when Jesus heard, he said,
06 "Those who are [healthy ha]ve [no need]
07 [of a physician . . . ]
Fragment 2: recto, col. ii
01 [ . . . a]nd p[r]ay for
02 your [ene]mies. For the one who is not
03 [against yo]u is for you.
04 [The one who i]s far away [today], tomorrow
05 will be [near you] and in
06 [ . . . ] the advers[ary]
07 [ . . . ]
WHAT OTHERS HAVE SAID
Agrapha of Jeremias
Listed by Jeremias: "[He who
today i]s far away tomorrow [close at hand to you will] be."
Bart D. Ehrman, Zlatko Plese, ed.
"Fourth-century manuscript" - The
Other Gospels: Accounts of Jesus from Outside the New Testament, p. 140:
"This series of fragments from an
ancient codex, century IV or V, may come from the gospel of Peter, though
there is no way to be certain. The issue is fragment 2 recto, column 1, line
2, in which the first-person narrative perspective is employed (με εβαρησεν,
it weighed me down), just like the first-person perspective twice used in
our longest extant fragment of the gospel of Peter, the Akhmîm fragment.
Granted that this first-person perspective is not all that common in ancient
Christian gospels, some scholars suspect that papyrus Oxyrhynchus 1224 and
the Akhmîm fragment might be from the same work.
The lost papyrus book from which these fragments derive had numbered pages,
most of which are legible. As there are so many missing pages between
fragment 1 and fragment 2, it is not altogether certain that both fragments
come from the same book."
"Oxyrhynchus 1224 consists of two small papyrus fragments from
the late 3rd or early 4th century. It contains six passages, each about a
sentence. Two of the longer ones are parallel to Mark 2:17 and Luke 9:50,
but the differences in phrasing show they are textually independent of the
Gospels. A precise date for composition is unknown; 50 is possible,
though a date of around 150 AD. is more widely accepted by scholars. John
Dominic Crossan notes the mutilated condition in his introduction to the
fragmentary text in The Complete Gospels resulting in highly conjectural
reconstructions of the text, which, however, "does not seem to be dependent
on the New Testament gospels.... As an independent gospel, it belongs,
insofar as its fragmentary state allows us to see, not with discourse
gospels involving the risen Jesus (e.g., the Secret Book of James and the
Gospel of Mary), but with sayings gospels involving the earthly Jesus (e.g.,
Q document and the Gospel of Thomas). Crossan suggests that the document
might have been written as early as the mid-first century."
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