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What time Ierusalem that Cittie faire, Was sieg'd and sackt by great Vespasians heire   Canaan's Calamitie, Jerusalem's Misery ; The dolefull destruction of faire Ierusalem by Tytus, the Sonne of Vaspasian Emperour of Rome, in the yeare of Christ's Incarnation 74  (1598) Wherein is shewed the woonderfull miseries which God brought upon that Citty for sinne, being utterly over-throwne and destroyed, by Sword, pestilence and famine. 


Churban Art

Die Zerstörung des Tempels von Jerusalem

Francesco Hayez

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  • Title: Die Zerstörung des Tempels von Jerusalem
  • Format: Oil on canvas painting
  • Dimensions:183 × 252 cm
  • Country of origin: Italy
  • Current location (city): Venedig
  • Current location (gallery): Galleria d'Arte Moderna

    Other Works By Hayez

Francesco Hayez (February 10, 1791, Venice - December 21, 1882, Milan) was the leading artist of Romanticism in mid-19th-century Milan, renowned for his grand historical paintings, political allegories and exceptionally fine portraits.

Hayez came from a relatively poor family. His father was of French origin while his mother, Chiara Torcella, was from Murano. The child Francisco, youngest of five sons, was brought up by his mother's sister, who had married Giovanni Binasco, a well-off shipowner and collector of art. From childhood he showed a predisposition for drawing, so his uncle apprenticed him to an art restorer. Later he becames a student of the painter Francisco Magiotto with whom he continued his studies for three years. He was admitted to the painting course of the New Academy of Fine Arts in 1806, where he studied under Teodoro Matteini. In 1809 he won a competition from the Academy of Venice for one year of study at the Academy of Saint Luke in Rome. He remained in Rome until 1814, then moved to Naples where he was commissioned by Joachim Murat to paint a major work depicting "Ulysses at the court of Alcinous". In 1850 he was appointed director of the Academy of Brera.

Assessment of the career of Hayez is complicated by the fact that often did not sign or date his works. Often the date indicated from the evidence is that at which the work was acquired or sold, not of its creation. Moreover he often painted the same compositions several times with minimal variations, or even with no variation. His early works show the influence of Ingres and the Nazarene movement. His later work participates in the Classical revival.

Caucasus Painter Reproduces Painting 'Destruction of the Second Temple'

Monday, July 26 2004

VLADIKAVKAZ, Russia - Jewish Communities across the Former Soviet Union will mark and commemorate the 9th of Av, Tisha B'Av, which begins tonight July 26th and lasts till nightfall onJuly 27th, by refraining from eating, drinking and following the customs of the day. The first Jerusalem Temple was destroyed on this day. Five centuries later, as the Romans drew closer to the Second Temple in order to torch it, Jews were shocked to realize that their Second Temple was destroyed on the same day as the first.

For this occasion, the Jewish Community Center in Vladikavkaz hosted an event for the unveiling of a significant work of art. The painting, a reproduction of "The Destruction of the Second Temple of Jerusalem by the Romans" by Francesco Hayez, was undertaken by prominent Jewish community member and artist Valery Pliyev.

The work became part of the community's permanent art exhibit depicting Jewish life, which community members established last year at the JCC.

Community members and Chairman Mark Petrushansky organized the event. The local leader opened the event by thanking the artist on behalf of local Jews. "This is a significant contribution to the world of art and the preservation of Jewish history", stated Petrushansky. The painting now occupies the most prominent location in the JCC, not far from the model of the Second Temple, which Pliyev created and donated to the collection a year ago.

Pliyev, who is a member of the RSO-Alaniya Union of Artists, worked on the reproduction of this renowned painting for more than seven months. "This is an incident that I consider to be terrible, though very significant event in Jewish history", stated Valery Pliyev.

A teacher from the Jewish Sunday School, Irina Nartikoyeva, provided guests with background information regarding the history of the Temple. Following the lecture, participants recited a prayer. Organizers then placed the painting beside the model of the Temple. The space currently occupied by the exhibit was made available in 2000, when the community re-acquired part of the original synagogue building, which now also accommodates the JCC.

Media representatives are to arrive tomorrow to provide coverage of the occasion, which will targeted at the public outside the Jewish community. Journalists have also expressed interest in publishing photographs of the painting, as well as the model of the Temple, in order to keep all residents of Vladikavkaz informed about the cultural contributions made by the Jewish community.

To learn more about Tisha B'Av and the Three Weeks, please visit:

Anti-Semitism in Art



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